5 Cathedrals


On this episode of five minutes in Church history. We are going on quite the journey. Let's explore five cathedrals in Europe ready. Well we'll start in Florence at the Santa Maria del Flora or the Duomo di Ferenza as Tian's would call it. This cathedral was started in twelve ninety six. It was finished in fourteen thirty six and one of the final structures that was put into place for this Cathedral. Was the famous dome. It was designed and built by Brunelleschi. Who had studied geometry and physics but for much of it by his own account. He relied on his own intuition. And well it worked The Dome was built in. It still lasts. It's made of brick. It has its white ribs in its terra cotta tiles and it serves as such a great backdrop for so many spy movies. So I'm sure you've seen it or the site of that Cathedral. There and Florence goes all the way back to a church that was likely dedicated in three ninety-three by none other than ambrose of Milan and that's the cathedral at Florence. Well let's keep moving. We'll go to Paris and to Notre Dame in two thousand nineteen. It was all over the news. Of course because of that fire it will take millions to rebuild and it will take many years to it as restored. It was first built back in eleven sixty three it epitomizes that ribbed vault and flying buttress style those cathedral structures that are so crucial. It was the site of a temple to Jupiter and the early Roman days and then it was a church and then it was a cathedral in seventeen ninety three. This is the time of the French Revolution. It was rededicated no longer as a church but as the cult of reason and all of the statues to marry were replaced and they were replaced by Statues Lady Liberty Well. It stood that way for many decades and then along came a novel. Victor Hugo's the hunchback of Notre Dame in eighteen thirty one and when that novelist published drew attention to the cathedral and its restoration so Paris. Well let's travel a little north and let's go up the Rhine River and let's go to Cologne. Germany and Statistics abound about this cathedral in Cologne. Germany are you ready? It is the tallest twin spires church in the world. It is the second tallest church in Europe and it is the third tallest church in the world. Those twin spires reached five hundred sixteen feet. Construction began in twelve sixty four. Here's a statistic for you. It has one hundred eighty five thousand square feet of space. This is a huge building. It was so huge that the allied bombers use those twin spires as a landmark further bombing raids during World War Two. The cathedral survived it. Took some hits but it survived in. It stood in a pile of rubble that was the city of Cologne. If you go there today you can climb all the way up to the top for viewing platform. If you're willing to climb five hundred and thirty three stone steps you can also hear. It's eleven massive bells. The largest of those bells weighs twenty four tons. Well let's cross the English Channel and we'll go over to London to Westminster Abbey. Westminster Abbey has a number of people buried in it and the number of people memorialized in it. Over three thousand people have plaques inside Westminster Abbey and many of them are actually buried there. Isaac Newton the poet Robert Browning kings and Queens and princesses and princes and of course inside Westminster Abbey in Jerusalem chamber in the sixteen forties. We have the writings of the Westminster standards. Well let's reach north a little bit. We've gone from Florence to Paris to Cologne to London. Let's go to Edinburgh to Saint Giles. Cathedral it dates back to eleven twenty four. But it's glorious. Moment came in the sixteenth century. It was the seat of the Scottish reformation in fifteen fifty nine. John Knox was installed as minister at Saint Giles. What a great story. What a great story. All of these cathedrals have to

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