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Wind Wise Tips for Flying Airplanes

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Automatic TRANSCRIPT

Welcome aviators to another episode of Aviator Casper names. Chris Palmer it's great to have you here for another subject something. I hope you find useful so I've kind of been doing some more mindset. PODCAST asked recently with. Don't quit. Don't quit fight training some of the things that could help you and your training like the process of of private pilot instrument commercial. See if I did a podcast on each one of those licenses kind of how to avoid burnout and how to build your structure. But I've also wanted to get into some some of the more nitty gritty. Just learned something type of episodes. So I'm going to be doing some more of those as well so I want to talk today about wind-wise tips for flying airplanes. Just this this thought of viewing wind holistically in the flight environment. Because it's it's something that a lot of people don't pay attention to think about as they are doing they're flying and is super important and comes up in a lot the different ways especially during takeoff and landing but can also come up and mountain flying. You see when you're doing your ground reference Maneuvers Ron Reference maneuvers or basically. A A a way of correct for the wind. That's why they exist. They know you find the airplane in different ways. They just WanNa see that. You know how to cry for the wind while you're flying so in this podcast we will look at. What wind is dispelling? Myths and defining wind that's kind of an interesting subject seeing the wind through indicators individualization I think you guys will find some great tips there as well filling the wind by applying visually visualizations to actually controlling the airplane. So taking what we've seen and actually doing something about it and then we'll break down the wind in different phases of flight from taxi. All the way through up and down to a landing and what we are looking for all right so it was dive right in. So what is wind so a a lot of the times when we're thinking of wind especially when we're planted with our feet on the ground on a gusty day we feel when pushing against some of US might have even been in storm strong enough to lean against the wind and feel that push of the wind against us. We might even feel that are back. We're like it's pulling us or we. We kind of feel that resistance of the wind however in an airplane. It's a lot different once we're in the air. A the air is a body of a mass of air the simply moving so it's almost like a cube of air if you can imagine that your airplane is just was frozen in the middle of this ice cube of air and it's just being moved along as part of this weather system. That's really what is happening. The airplane doesn't know. Oh that is Wendy K. At least not when it's not on the ground but it's in the air is just along for the ride so there's a good analogy about this in the but called stick and rudder and when I read this just blew my mind that I'd always been looking at wind in this sense of push and pull it will talk talk about that a little bit later because there are some situations where we wanna be thinking of it in that way but when we're in the air we need to be thinking as if we're we're almost on this train if you've ever been on a train before okay so we're on a train and we know that we're moving along the track but we are not feeling any resistance. We don't feel the wind resistance of what's happening. We can go forward. We can come back. We can sit down. We can go side the side but we don't feel any existence but we're still moving within that space that's essentially what's exactly going on in the air as well. We have this air masses moving along and our airplane. Airplane is in the Air Mass K. Even though we're planning one direction going wrexham moving along with that air mass a little bit as we're going so if we have a headwind well and we're not moving along as fast as we want to not because we're actually getting pushed is because that air masses moving the opposite direction we're moving and so we're not making taking the progress as well if we have a tailwind moving down whilst because that air masses moving with us and we're getting there faster we're getting a little extra How would I phrase this correctly? We're getting a little extra bonus and I don't WanNa say push I don't WanNa say speed because is really were just moving along with that air mass as it moves us along so that that kind of dispels the myth of the push and pull that we usually feel on on the ground in that we are just kind of along for the ride when we're up in the air we don't have that friction on the ground that resistance has planted. Were just just moving along with it now of course to counteract that we can do certain things and we'll talk about more of those methods later on but we're we are just along for the ride in the air in this cube of air. Okay so that is wind. That's seeing the wind and understanding holistically. mystically what's actually happening kind of thinking of things in more of a cruise phase of flight as we're moving along how that's working so that's ask. The big picture of how wind actually works now. Of course we want to be able to define not define the win but we want to be able to see the wind. As well seeing and visualizing I think are two different things seeing is directly seeing which of course we know that air for the most part is invisible and then visualizing is knowing it's invisible but imagining where the air is actually moving so we'll separate the two and talk about it. But I want to talk about some of the things that we can actually look at the determine the wind and then some of the things we can do to visualize the win so this is all seeing the wind. So so we have our official wind indicators. We have went socks which I did a one minute wings episode on this recently you can actually tell how how fast the wind is going or or the velocity of the wind by looking at the wind. SOCK it's in different stages usually increments of three not Safai remember correctly and you can see it in different stages so you can actually look at a Weinstock and how well extended and know how stiff stiff the windows so we have win socks as an official indicator. We have a tetrahedral on actually kind of an airplane looking thing with a tail l.. And everything and we have a wind triangle which more points toward the wind so when triangle and then around that is the segmented circle will and that will actually show you from above it. Shows you what direction the pattern would be so if you had no charts or no nothing else you could fly over an airport. Assuming a hat a segmented circle and see which pattern entry and everything you should do or which direction the patterns should be for different runways. Of course I think win socks are one of those things that we did that. We don't see a lot. We end up in the next the next step we ended up getting the the weather on the radio. Say That's through the loss. Or the Avis or the surface. We get that whether we hear the radio we just go by that wind direction. But I I think a lot of the times we fail to actually just look at the wind sock as taxing out or look at the wind sock as were landing is kind of a final verification of the angle title. Where it's at and I think by doing that? We start to get more into the visualization of the wind and actually seeing based on the runway. How how strong is in? What Engle is it coming out to the runway seeing it is really believing in this case and while we can determine with the automated system or seeing the stock that we are going to take the right runway and you know do a takeoff with a headwind landing with ahead? We'll talk about the importance of that here in a few minutes while we can while we can determine it early to kind of determine which runway we're going to use it's a whole different thing to actually look at the wind sock so that's so it gets us into visualizations where that's an official way with the wind indicator to look at the wind sock and see what the direction is but a lot of tools that we use here in Alaska. Just because there's a lot of off-airport flying and flying in areas especially the mountains where it's good to see how other other other features are reacting to the wind. Of course we don't just have when Sox speckled throughout all of eternity here on earth we need to be able to look at things like trees and know how much the wind is blowing based on that water. How much the wind is blowing based on that? There's a whole science science not science but there's method behind reading water. I haven't really learned it deeply yet but some of us talking about it recently. How how things are white capping on the water? How fast the wind is going the lawsuit of win based on what the the whitecaps look like? So I thought that was interesting but even seeing seeing the water on a lake for example just as an example. If you if you fly up to a lake and you're looking down on it there should should be protected side of the lake especially if they're trees around the lake if there are just bushes are still going to be protected side but it might be a little thinner but what you'll see is that the wind is really calm on one shoreline and then you'll see the ripples on the water separately but the will be really calm on one shoreline and that tells you the exact distance distance or the exact direction. The wind is coming from Because basically the trees bushes are blocking that wind so the wind comes comes over and then it'll finally hit the water several feet ahead or many feet ahead depending on the obstacle. And then you'll see it but you can tell the win based on that seaplane pilots. They know that in the water. There's these white streams. I'm not even sure what they're really called. But there's like these white stripes the the almost go directly with the wind that tend to happen quite a bit in bodies of water especially lakes. I've noticed so trees and water and features in the water blowing snow or dust. You can tell which direction the wind smoke from chimneys top.