Listen: Bureau Of Indian Affairs, White Society And Housing Assistance Vocational Training discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
"It was also still trying to encourage native people to assimilate emily into white society in nineteen forty eight. The Bureau of Indian Affairs established a relocation program to encourage native people especially young native people to leave their mostly rural reservations and start new lives in cities. This was something that evolved over the next few years before being formalized under the Indian relocation act of Nineteen fifty-six. Here's how in theory this would work. The United States established several cities as relocation centers. You will find slightly different list depending on exactly when a sources talking about but they included Los Angeles San Francisco San Jose Oakland California along Chicago Illinois Detroit Michigan Denver Colorado and others native people were offered a one way bus ticket to one of these relocation centers. Once they got there in theory the government would give them financial and Housing Assistance Vocational Training and support in finding a job while this program was going on the government printed. Brochures is that really remind me of what non native people were seeing during the period of westward expansion in the US now they were trying to entice native people to move into a city to start a new life so they said things like come to Denver the chance of a lifetime good jobs happy homes training beautiful Colorado or Chicagoland Indians. Get good jobs. CBS Jobs recently obtained offer opportunity. Security reservations tended to struggle with poverty and job shortages so to a lot of people. This program seemed like a really good. The opportunity many who took it plan to move to a city go through their rotational training. Make some money and then move back home better off than they had been when they left but this program did not work out as it was intended. Both from the government's point of view and that the relocatees some of these cities already did have a small native population. Yes in more than forty thousand native Americans served in World War Two. Some of them shows to stay in cities where they were after. They were discharged from the military. Obviously there had been various people that had moved into cities for other reasons at some point some of these same cities though where a lot of people stayed after getting out of the military were also relocation centers. There's but because the point was to encourage assimilation with white society. The Bureau of Indian affairs made no effort to connect the people who were moving through the relocation program mm-hmm with those existing native residents. It also made no effort to house people who were relocating near other people from their same nation or even near other native people people of any nation so other minorities often had social and political organizations in cities that offered assistance and support to new arrivals but the native relocatees were intentionally so isolated from each other but it really took years for these kinds of organizations to really develop also the quality of services and support that the relocatees were supposed to be receiving was poor. Housing was substandard people who were expecting weeks or months of vocational training. Ming often only got a few days and that help finding a job tended to be minimal and the financial assistance. That was supposed to keep them afloat while they were being trained usually usually ran out before they actually had a job. There were people who got training and a job or who started college but many did not and then on top of that. The people who were relocating tended to face a lot of disorientating isolation and culture shock a lot of the people who relocated had been educated in government boarding schools and were relatively Sibley inexperienced out in the world a lot. We're moving from rural areas into cities where they didn't know anybody. They didn't have any kind of network of more experienced people who could help them MHM navigate the city itself or day to day life and they also faced ongoing racism and discrimination from the non native community there. According to the Bureau of Indian Affairs Two hundred thousand native people were relocated under this policy by comparison. Eighty nine thousand. Were forced to relocate under the Indian Removal Act of eighteen thirty. The government didn't keep clear records of how many people stayed in the cities and some people moved back and forth between a relocation center and their reservation multiple times. But it's estimated that as many as half eventually returned to their reservations permanently not necessarily better off when they got there so when it came to offering native people job training and relocation assistance this government effort wasn't all that successful and it also failed at encouraging native people to assimilate with white culture although it did take awhile for native run organizations to develop in these relocation centers once they did they really flourished by the mid nineteen sixties the relocation centers were. We're home to organizations for people from specific native nations as well as social clubs that brought people together from different nations had common interests. A- Pam tribal able movement was evolving one in which people from different nations some of which had historically been enemies came together through clubs political organizations social movement organizations decisions and events like powwows. This movement was also politically active and tried to influence local state and federal policy and generally to make life better for native eight of people so instead of being tool for assimilation. This program wound up encouraging a renewed sense of native identity and the creation of more connections among different print. Native nations will return to that idea. Because it's really a huge part of the occupation of Alcatraz but first we need to talk about another federal policy. That was happening at the same meantime. That was the policy of termination and that two hundred thousand people relocating the holly mentioned earlier like that was also part of this termination policy. In addition to the former Ormeau relocation efforts"