People are again talking about slavery reparations

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The subject of reparations for slavery has now entered the presidential contest democratic candidates repeatedly asked about this subject. Supporters of some sort of reparations often point to the fact that the United States has paid them in the past the legislation that I am about to sign provides for restitution payment to each of the sixty thousand survivors, of course, former president Ronald Reagan there with that law the nation, formerly apologized to Japanese Americans for their internment in World War Two and provided token monetary compensation the debate over reparations for slavery is our topic that we're covering this week s Cokie segment and commentator Cokie Roberts is here with us. I koki. Hi, David first listener, we have a MandA Trammell. She wants to know whether all this talk of reparations is something new there ever been a serious discussion about reparations for slavery in the pet. Absolutely. A former congressman John Conyers introduced legislation in every congress from nineteen eighty nine. On to establish a commission to study and develop reparation proposals for African Americans. It was reintroduced on the first day of the current congress by Texas congresswoman, Sheila jackson-lee, some form of what you might call reparations actually dates back to the end of the civil war when general Sherman promised land, freed slaves that came to be called, forty acres immutable like many such promises it was later, broken slave owners and the district of Columbia, however were compensated when the enslaved people in the capital refrained before general emancipation will we have another listener it's Eggers. And she wanted to know what has happened to all these other efforts to achieve reparations have attempt for reparation happened before in the US. Well, as you said earlier in nineteen eighty eight a law was passed giving living Japanese Americans who had been in intern not their states twenty thousand tax free dollars each but more important to the supporters. Of the Bill was the formal apology by the government and in nineteen seventy one the Alaskan native settlement act gave native peoples to title, more than forty million acres of land and did establish a fun to somewhat compensate them for lands and rights. They had lost in nineteen Ninety-three. President Clinton signed the apology resolution to native Hawaiians for overthrowing the islands. Monarchy cook, I'm just curious have all the efforts that we've seen or talked about been federal or have there been local or other kinds of of reparations. Well, we saw last week Georgetown University students of voting to establish a fund for the descendants of the enslaved people at Georgetown who had been sold by the university, and you have states and some cities that have in fact, inactive reparations, but for very specific wrongdoings. So for Jinya, for example, pay the survivors of its forced sterilizations program and granted scholarships to the residents who have. Been denied in education when the schools were closed during the fight over immigration, Florida gave a substantial sum to the victims of the nineteen Twenty-three horrible rosewood massacre where an entire African American community was burned to the ground. But David there's so many other atrocities that are still being

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