"Month marks sixty years since an uprising by the people of Tibet against communist party rule. Once the rebels elegantly strutted are now thronged with twenty thousand citizens who celebrate the putting down of the rebels and welcome the inauguration of their new life. Until the communist revolution of nineteen forty nine to bet. Head enjoyed a degree of independence but after their victory. The authorities in China sent in their troops. China six hundred and fifty million people heal the victory over the rebels in Tibet the uprising of March nineteen fifty nine is an event mourned by the debate and people and supporters of their cause yesterday. Protesters gathered in New Delhi and other cities around the world to Mark the nursery and to call Tabet, s- independence. China's communist party records the events of nineteen Fifty-nine rather differently. Is an integral part of China. Oppose intervention in China's internal bears build a happy and prosperous new Tabet. Chinese officials coal March the sensitive months across the Tabet and plateau James miles is our China editor every year the month of March is one that causes them extreme anxiety and this year because the sixtieth anniversary of the Tibetan uprising of nineteen fifty nine. They've made it very clear that their anxiety has reached even higher levels than usual. Why is the month of March so sensitive many thebenz still remember with bitterness? What happened in nineteen fifty nine in early March of that year in Lhasa? Rumors began to spread that the Chinese. Authorities were preparing to abduct the Dow Allama the spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism. And so as those rumors spread crowds began to gather. And the authorities began to get nervous about a week after protests began to erupt on on March tenth nine hundred fifty nine week after that the Dalai Lama fled into exile in India where he has remained ever since and the rest in Lhasa escalated became a violent shooting broke out. It was a very of violent period suppressed ruthlessly by the by the Chinese. Government and many abedin's today. Still yearn for the die Lama to return that looks extremely unlikely. How things gone since then? From Tibetan perspective terribly. Tibet's own a brand of of the Buddhist religion suffered huge blows during a mouse rule. Monks were expelled from monasteries things began to recover after the reign of now, but China the Chinese government suspicion of of Tibetan Buddhism suspicion of the control the influence of the Dalai Lama, even though he has been living in exile in India has remained very high. And there's one thing that really unites most abedin's and that is huge reverence for the Dalai Lama himself. So the Chinese government's relentless attacks on him denunciations of him have created a great deal of resentment among thebenz. And so what's your experience been when when this thing Tabet? Well, I was there in. Two thousand eight when riots broke out in Lhasa. This was the the biggest outbreak of unrest. Since the uprising in nineteen fifty nine it involved attacks by Tibetan residence against shops, run by ethnic Han Chinese attacks on ethnic Han people since then the authorities have been on an even greater state of alert than usual. The sound. You hear is Tig took you out. You're not the first of several rounds. The town's people run for cover. Do you not? No, one can tell us how many hurt, but one eyewitness tells of monks being savagely beaten, and we've seen roundups of of monks who were supposed to have been allegedly behind this or simply because of their connections with the exile camp in in India, and in protest against this escalated repression across the Tabet and plateau we've seen more than one hundred fifty people who've set fire to themselves in protest against these measures and many of them have died. So how have religious minorities fared under president Xi Jinping? How have things been more recently? Well, there's been a general tightening of control of religions siege in ping would like to achieve what he calls, the sinus is Asian of religion in China. And that includes Tabet in Buddhism. We'd seen even before. Ping came to power the declaration in Tibet of what they call serfs emancipation day. That's another big anniversary coming up. It's on March the twenty eighth and it's the day in nineteen fifty nine after the Tabet uprising when China formally dissolved the I Lama led government and ushered in as they would describe it a new era of a democracy and freedom in Tabet freedom that is from monastic control. But more generally in neighboring sin Jang, we've seen an extraordinary escalation of repression over the past couple of years a million people seized and put into what they call re education centers, and it seems a very often the only pretext for doing so is simply because these people are devotees of Islam the. The authorities defend this as a way of preventing the spread of militancy among ethnic Witter's in in the sin Jang region. But this is part of a general repression that we've seen across the board in China. I I wonder if the sort of increased focus on Xinjiang and what's going on. There has sort of drawn attention away from thebenz. I mean, there there was a time when there was a lot of activism, and there were a lot of their Hollywood stars were coming to to sort of draw attention to the plight of Tibetans, and we haven't heard much of that. Well, I I think that's partly because the authorities of been so effective in in shutting down access to the region. I think sympathy with the Tibetan plight abroad remains at at very high levels is just that we haven't seen large protests break out there. But I can imagine that. Attention would swing rapidy again too. I bet. Well, we to see trouble there on the authorities are always mindful of of one big event looming. And that is one day the death of the deny Lama that will be a huge blow to many abedin's. And if there is one thing that the is fear might trigger large scared unrest. Again, it is that."