Listen: Rhinos and Their Gamekeepers Benefit From A.I.
"This is scientific Americans sixty seconds science. I'm Steve Mirsky so what is the connection between A._I.. And Renat Sarai surprisingly direct Bernard May Orson chief innovation officer at I._B._M.. A._M. he spoke recently at the Cooper Union here New York City as part of a panel discussing the intersection of artificial intelligence A._I.. Ethics and healthcare so where two rhinos come in as you know poaching rhinos is a huge problem. The ranas were sworn represents about thirty years of revenue thirty years of income to an individual in sub Saharan Africa and that is why basically if you manage to kill a rhino and get a horn the represent essentially it's like winning the lottery. Unfortunately it's not so good for the Rhino not to mention you deplete a precious species yet again and poaching as a huge issue what people don't know about a thousand Gamekeepers U._N.. Kept numbers life in two thousand fourteen have been murdered by poachers. In order to get at the animals being protected this is about humans well. How do you basically protect rhinos with a I know it's a good question? Somebody said you know being a kid who grew up in the Bronx Smyth. Oh as well you know you put a collar on the Rhino on analyze is where they are their travel patterns and the guy who ran the reserve in South Africa sort of laugh said this does not help. That's the WILGA Vanden Game Reserve back to Meyerson I said why is this well. You know with a rhino stops moving. You'll know it was dead. That's certainly not helpful. Obviously you have a better idea says yeah what you do is get a bunch of animals that are easily spooked like gazelles antelope that sort of thing and what you do is you collar them and you look at that and we thought about it so you know that's brilliant because they become sentinels else because you see when a poacher enters area that it will encounter these creatures. It's not going to encounter rhinos there by far more rare when in encounters the creatures like any other animal they spook and run where does they. I come in well. It turns out when you have these collars on them. They're really a bunch of reasons. These animals run they migrate some Leopard is trying to make lunch out of it and yes. They're spooked by you know somebody who's coming entering in a truck to go poach you have to know Oh the difference and it turns out by looking at the pattern of movements and looking at historic data we rebelled. Tell the difference between each of that using system that essentially employed machine learning to separate yep these are incidences where were running into poachers. So these incidences where actually just you know there's a lion trying to make lunch out of this parental. The bottom line is by doing that. We were able to spot the poachers when they were nowhere. Near the preserve much less on the preserve of the rhinos are and this avoids. This is the kind of conflict where people ended up dead in large numbers not just the rhinos it basically I'd is nobody dies. You don't want the poachers today. They are desperate. You don't want the rhinos to be killed. We lose this species and of course the people who are incredibly brave protecting these animals. It really was an amazing thing to us because at the end of the day it worked and that's the kind of thing where you know A._I.. You sensibly as value that no human could possibly have achieved. It's not just about healthcare where."