Welcome to kiss. Myths and mysteries signed your host, Kit Chrome today, myth or mystery, an island of plastic floats around the Pacific Ocean. You may have heard of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. But what is it out? Did it start and how can we do anything about it? The Great Pacific Garbage Patch name for a collection of marine debris that accumulated over time. Time due to converging ocean currents called Gyrus Gyrus are unique forms of ocean current, because they are large systems that move in a swirling motion, leaving marine debris, caught in their path to move and be trapped in the calmer, more stable Middle Shera. Two segments of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch exists in the Pacific. Ocean the western garbage patch which closer to. To Japan and the eastern garbage patch, which is closer to southern California and Mexico, almost entirely comprised micro-plastics, small pieces of plastic that measured less than five millimeters long and discarded fishing gear, floating the water surface, the Pacific garbage patch formed due to the buoyant and durable nature, these materials which allow symptom float for years in the ocean without breaking down larger and. And heavier pieces of debris sink. Likely there's even more garbage below. Either the two patches. In fact, scientists recently found that about seventy percent of all marine debris eventually sinks to the ocean floor where all the debris that comprises the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, come from an estimated fifty four percent of debris swirling in the patch originates from land in North America. America and Asia while another twenty percent likely comes from boats, large cargo ships cruise ships and offshore oil rigs that either lose or intentionally discard debris into the ocean once they're debris will float along with current until it ends up trapped between Chiara's for an uncertain amount of time. Marine debris isn't just unsightly. It is harmful to the plants and animals that call. Call. The Ocean home from entanglement of large migratory animals like whales to be mistaken for food by Sea Turtles Fish and seabirds, marine debris causes physical, and at times lethal harm to marine animals, micro-plastics and other debris can also harm plankton and algae by blocking the sunlight. They need to be able to undergo photosynthesis and produce energy for themselves, which causes harm. Harm throughout the Marine Food Web. Surprisingly marine debris can also serve as a vehicle for species to travel too far off habitats and subtle a new ecosystems, meaning marine debris can promote the spread of invasive species throughout the ocean prevention of the marine debris, entering the marine environment is the best strategy to prevent growth of the great. Pacific Garbage Patch which you can. Can do it home by reducing your own dependence on single use plastic items in your life, but the question I asked us I researched this story was. How do we get rid of this fine? Let's use single use plastics. Let's not add to it. But how do we get rid of what is already there?