Siamese Revolution of 1932
The day. Was June twenty-fourth Nineteen thirty two? The Siamese political party rots Adine, or the People's Party overthrew the government of King Rama, the seventh, ending seven Hundred Years of absolute monarchy under the kings of Yom. The bloodless coup resulted in the introduction of democracy, the first constitution of Thailand. Since seventeen, eighty, two the kingdom. Or Modern Day Thailand have been ruled by the Chakri Dynasty beginning with Rama, the I who founded the capital city Bangkok. Throughout the nineteenth century, much of Southeast Asia was colonized by the British. French and Dutch crm was never subjected to colonial rule. But Rama the fifth who reigned from eighteen, sixty, eight to nineteen, ten, set out to modernize the kingdom. He introduced social and governmental reforms that were based on western models. The old ruling families rejected his reforms, but from the mid eighteen eighty s to the early nineteen hundreds. Rama, the fifth overhauled the administration established military conscription, abolished slavery and made other major changes in the country. The king was committed to modernisation. He was also committed to maintaining Thai traditions and independence. He instituted all these reforms under the guise that they would save from the threat of Western colonialism. Civilized to colonial powers than it would supposedly avoid Western invasion. Rama the Fifth Son and successor Rama the sixth also worked to modernize the M and welcomed the adoption of some European ideals. His reforms upset members of the aristocracy and nobility as well as groups of progressives and radicals. In nineteen twelve, a group of military officers conspired to overthrow the king, but the plot failed. There is debate over the main causes of the nineteen thirty two revolution, but the rise of western educated commoner elites who become dissatisfied with politics in CSM played a significant role in the event. Rama the seventh ascended the throne in nineteen, twenty, five, He created the Supreme Council of state made up of senior princes who had served in previous administrations. They quickly let go of commerce who had been appointed in the civil service and military. During Rama the seventh rule, returning Western educated students grew disillusioned with the status quo. In Nineteen, twenty, seven, a small group of military and civilian students gathered in periods with the. Founding Party to bring change to see 'em. This group of seven people call themselves the promoters and they decided to stage a coup to end absolute monarchy in the country. To achieve this goal, they formed the canal rot. Sedan or People's Party. The promoters worked on gathering supporters. Meanwhile seamless facing economic problems, the Great Depression made it to the country by nineteen thirty. The value of rice see'ums major export fell drastically land values also fell, so the government had to make a bunch of budget cuts. By nineteen, thirty two, the People's Party was made up of more than one hundred students, military officers and non-royal government officials. On the morning of June twenty-fourth, nineteen thirty two while the king was away from Bangkok. The People's party the coup. The promoters seized control of the army as well as post and telegraph offices, and they arrested royal officials who were part of the ruling group, armored vehicles and troops gathered at the Throne Hall in the Royal Plaza and one of the promoters read the narrow Sadan Manifesto, declaring the end of absolute monarchy and the establishment of a constitutional state. Rama the seventh was playing golf in the south of Seattle. When he got news of the coup, he agreed to the demands for a new constitutional system, and by December of that year he had promulgated a new Constitution A State Council and National Assembly established, but conflict between the CANARSIE DON and the king continued. A couple of years after the Revolution Rama the seventh left for England, and in nineteen, thirty five, he abdicated the throne, spending the rest of his life in England. Was a major turning point in history the next few decades we're still characterized by political unrest and roll by military governments.