COVID-19: What You Need To Know

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This is an ABC news special. Kobe nineteen what you need to know here is. Abc News correspondent. Aaron Katersky as this school year nears an end. Parents wonder about the start of the next academic year. We'll schools welcome kids back. What will the classroom look like or will there still be online? Learning the answers dependent part. On what the virus does to kids and how kids transmit the virus. The World Health Organization said over the weekend that children appear to be less capable of spreading corona virus than adults. The comment came from the. Who's chief scientist? Sumio Swaminathan who appeared on the BBC? What we have seen in countries where schools remained open is that they have not been big outbreaks in schools and where there have been seen associated with we defense. A lot of people gather not in regular classrooms and it's often been associated with Donald who's had infection and who spread it so it does seem from what we know now that children are less capable of spreading it even if they get infection and certainly are very low risk of getting from the Z's for more on what all of this may mean. We're joined by Dr Edith Bradshaw Sanchez. A pediatrician and professor of pediatrics. At Columbia University. What do you make of her comments here? I think some of the reports that we're seen in the comments that were seeing from the. Who are definitely reassuring. I just want more data so a number of things have gone into into these comments from what I understand and there are countries that have opened schools Germany Denmark Some parts of Canada in those countries are not seeing big outbreaks of covert nineteen in children linked to schools which is reassuring but we just need more data. These countries have also done a variety of things to keep kids safe in school Germany. For example we've rent reports that they are having children self test every four days and given a green sticker to kids test negative and allowing them to walk around the school without a mask on some schools are taking temperature. Some schools have introduced a variety of social distancing in hygiene techniques. So so when we look at this at these reports and we we look at the lack of outbreaks linked to children after they were allowed to go back to school. It is reassuring but we have to remember that there are measures that these countries have taken and that we don't have all of the information yet. Really the bottom line is can. My kids hug their grandparents. Yeah I think that's such an interesting point for a long time and longtime in the cove world is a few months for a long time. We've been thinking about children in terms of the risk that they pose to adults. We've been saying okay. Well my kid goes back to school. Can they? Then come home and bring me the corner virus or bring the current virus to to grandma and GRANDPA if they visit in now. Not only. Is it that that is very much too little consideration? But now we're starting to learn for example that there is a new rare but serious complication of covert nineteen seems to affect children very differently than an affects adults. And now I think that the conversation starting to switch to what is the risk to children themselves from Bo Bo from going back to school. What's the answer? I wish I had it but I just don't know we just don't know there are reports for example right there. There is a report of a child. I believe from England who was in the French Alps and then went home. Was In contact with seventy two people that child himself tested positive for current a virus. None of the seventy two people. He came into contact with tested positive. So that was reassuring but then we had another report of a six month old whose parents had couvert nineteen and the child had to be cared for in the hospital and so they were constantly testing this little baby six months old and he shut the virus at very high levels for sixteen days. The data so far has been mixed in. I think that's why it's so important that we collect more data in children and the NIH as you probably have heard launched a study at the beginning of May to follow two thousand families to try to answer this question. What exactly is the rate of transmission? What exactly is the risk to children because we just haven't been collecting the data yet. Pediatric Multi Symptom Inflammatory Syndrome. What do we make of that? Does it matter whether it specifically connected to cove it as the CDC seems to suggest that it is? I do believe that it is linked to covert nineteen. And I'll tell you why. This new syndrome seems to have some characteristics of Kawasaki disease but it also has some characteristics. Overlap toxic shock syndrome. And I'll explain very very briefly Kentucky Diseases and inflammatory condition. It is cost by inflammation and then the the blood vessels in the body are affected. Ultimately different organs can be affected. The one that we worry about is the heart children present with fever with the red. Is the rash The swollen hands feed swollen. Lymph nodes some of the same symptoms that we are now seeing in this new condition but the difference one of the many differences that we're still learning is that these children were presenting with the new syndrome also seemed to have some of those symptoms from toxic shock. They are very sick when they present to care. They sometimes have low blood pressures and signs that there multiple there's multiple organ systems that are affected. And that doesn't go with Kawasaki. Disease it also here before cove it so we can of spectacularly Why are they testing? Summer testing negative for the antibodies and the virus itself. And that is absolutely puzzling. But I think at the end of the day you just sort of have to take a step back and think okay well. Even if it's not linked terrific can't prove it yet for some of these kids remember them majority are testing positive. And where was this before cove

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