Listen: Rare 'ring of fire' solar eclipse seen across Asia
"The Persian Gulf India and eastern Asia have experienced an annual up boxing day eclipse like a total solar eclipse December. Twenty Twenty six event involved the Moon transitting directly between the sun and the earth and casting a lunar shadow across the earth service however because just like the earth orbit around around the Sun. The Moon's orbit around the Earth is elliptical rather than circular. That means they're at times when the Earth and moon are closer together such as during shipment of inch inch and other times when the little bit further apart such as now and being further apart makes the moon look a bit small from Earth so instead of of covering the entire face of the sun as a total eclipse. Only part of the solar disk is covered leaving a golden ring so-called ring of fire exposed at the point of annual hilarity the December twenty six annual clips so ninety seven percent of the sons. This blocked out providing a spectacular side. The event began in Saudi Arabia Arabia with a one hundred and forty two kilometer wide path. Vanya Larry in sprinting across Bahrain Qatar the United Arab Emirates a man India Sri Lanka Sumatra Tre Singapore Borneo and the Philippines before finally ending four and a half hours later on the Pacific island of Guam. The longest period of annual Larry was in Indonesia in Asia and people as far north as Japan and as far south as down in the PILBARA. We're able to experience a partial annual or eclipse for more details. We're joined by Jonathan. Nellie the editor of Australian Sky Tell US magazine they call these days or ring of fire eclipse. And that's because the moon weren't entirely cover up the sun at the time of maximum The Moon Lot further away from us in its orbit so little slightly smaller and therefore it doesn't entirely how the Sun and you get a still get a thin sort of ring or an annual loss of sunlight around the outside so a partially clips simply means that you're not From where you are on the direct line of the eclipse because when the Moon goes in between the sun and the US the moonshadow falls onto the earth. But it comes down the earth moonshadow narrows as it gets towards the earth and the shadow where the totality is a couple of hundred kilometers wide. So you've got to be within that band nor to see the number if you're on the outside that band you're going to see a partially because if you just outside the band you'll see an almost totally quits but still will be cost as a a partial eclipse in the further away. You are from that path at Middle Path you see less and less and less of a partial eclipse and then you get to a point. We don't see any at all now. The difference between a total eclipse eclipse and an annual eclipse is. I said the turtle eclipse the moon will completely cover up on an annual eclipse. The Moon will still leave a thin ring of sunlight around at at the point of maximum. And that's because the moon goes around the earth and not in a circular orbit button so sometimes the mood is further away and sometimes the moon is closer in when it's closer in sort of the right of the moon is a little bit smaller and it's just enough to make a difference. The curiosities that the the distance between the earth and the Sun and the moon. We're out to be pretty much Four hundred four hundred the correct ratio. So sign is four hundred times further away from us than the moon is but it's also four hundred times bigger so you can on average than the moon cause the apparent size changes depending on. It's all but so. Oh Yeah We. We are able to see a total eclipse here from the ground here on earth. We're lucky in that respect. There aren't many places in the solar system where you can get a a total eclipse and we get a very long time for the last many minute but as I said when the moon is in the point of it's over it's a bit further away and look at small. If that happens to be the time when it goes in front of the sun then it worked completely cover up the Oh that's complicated by the fact that uh so but around the sun is also elongated further adding to the mathematics involve the unfortunate thing is that that Fortune about all these things are independent of each other. The Moon's orbit independent of the US orbit around the Sun. The size of things are independently. Assad everything else it just so happens it sometimes things line up the right way and we can of course now predict when those things are going to happen and there are patents to them. But there's no sort title grand calls me scheme of things that make things have to have to happen. Exactly this way or that way with clockwork regularity. Let's see the editor of stray sky. I telescope magazine and this is space time. I'm Stewart"