Listen: Depression, Carina Davidson And NPR discussed on All Things Considered
"After childbirth can help prevent depression among women who are susceptible to it that finding comes from new research by federal health officials NPR's Patty name and has more on the recommendations from the US preventative services task force. It's estimated that one in seven pregnant women will suffer depression while pregnant or in the year after childbirth. The consequences says task force members psychologist Carina Davidson can be devastating babies are born with low birthweight they're born prematurely. And during their first year of life babies, often, don't get the positive feedback. They need to thrive. In fact, the feedback from mom is often negative neglect inattention to problems or symptoms that the baby is having the new guidelines suggest healthcare providers assess a woman's vulnerability to depression, for example, whether she suffered depression in the past if she has a family history of the disease or if is experiencing other stressful situations team. Pregnancy being unemployed recent exposure to intimate partner violence Davidson says all these can increase the risk of depression during and after pregnancy the task force wanted to figure out what could help prevent that. They analyzed fifty studies which looked at interventions like physical activity education, medication and counseling, they found substantial evidence that cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy worked though therapies decrease the risk of depression by thirty nine percent CBT focuses on changing an individual's perception and behavior. Interpersonal therapy helps women cope with changes in their relationships. So for example, new parents often have trouble delegating. Who's going to get up in the middle of the night or who's going to come in? After twenty minutes of a baby not settling women role play sort of a hearse what they'll say in how they'll communicate both therapies involved five to eight. Eight group sessions during pregnancy and then one to two sessions after childbirth. The task force recommends clinicians assess a patient's risk for depression, and then refer them for appropriate counseling. Easier said than done says an editorial accompanying the new guidelines it points out that many women don't have access to mental health services."