"Swiping. The work words and ideas of others and passing them office their own they are plagiarists. We spoke with David Radnor, a professor of psychology at the university of Mary Washington in Fredericksburg Virginia and the president of the international center for academic integrity. He said, it's a particular problem in academia because we care so much about the process. I say this to my students all the time. I don't care that you give me a clean paper. I care that you write a paper. It's like sending someone to the gym for you it completely defeats the purpose. But let's take a step back and define play. Tourism going to the old faithful of American English definitions merriam Webster plagiarism is quote to steal and pass off the ideas or words of another as one's own to use another's production without crediting the source or to commit literary theft present his new original. And or product derived from an existing source for one example, we could simply have copied those definitions, which in fact, we did not changed a word Ditto and not credited marriam Webster. But then of course, we'd be flat out plagiarizing or at the very least trampling on the line between plagiarism and the safer, albeit sleazy word cribbing. But since we credited Marian Webster, it's an attribution not plagiarism. The article version of this episode even provided a link. Plagiarism is not always that cut and paste easy, though. The legal definition is as legalese often is murky this is from Cornell law schools legal Information Institute, quote, deliberately passing off somebody else's original expression, or creative ideas as one's own plagiarism can be violation of law. If copyrighted expression is taken often, however plagiarism does not violate any law. But instead simply marks the plagiarised as an unethical person in the political academic or scientific community where the plagiarism occurs. So then what about taking information from someone else? Twisting. A few words around maybe changing a name or two and passing it off as your own how much do you have to change to avoid plagiarism? How much borrowing is too much? Where do you draw the line Britain said, it's always okay to use the ideas or the words of somebody else. That's not the problem. The problem isn't knowledge ING, your sources different disciplines. In different situations have different expectations of what's yours, and what's shared lawyers for another example can use similar wording in legal briefs. Maybe even the exact wording, but that may be more generally acceptable. It is red your says shared language in their profession. But what about scientists or researchers borrowing straight from another paper that was based on a regional research or how about this example from journalism a big news site say taking chunks of a story reported and written by another site. It's a one thousand word article done by site a and site. Be uses. Eight hundred words of it verbatim. Is that? Okay. Even if site be credits site, a is that plagiarism if we can't decide on a precise definition, we could probably at least agree. It's pretty lame though. It may be that plagiarize IRS in the plagiarized aren't seeing eye to eye which brings us to another question who would do such a thing students all the time researchers sometimes according to one study close to ten percent of retracted journal articles were pulled because of plagiarism politicians sometimes, for example, former US Senator and vice president Joe, Biden famously was accused of it in speech and years after the fact admitted to plagiarism he committed as a student, though, he said it wasn't malevolent. A first ladies have Melania. Trump has been dogged by rumors of plagiarism and speeches ever since her opening night address at the Republican national convention in two thousand sixteen journalists as we've pointed out musicians to Johnny cash has been accused and poets and writers a Latin root of the. Word plagiarism was used all the way back in ancient Roman times describe poets plundering one another's works. Sometimes we should acknowledge plagiarism is accidental though a student borrowing an idea from our website while doing research paceman formation into a paper, they're working on and forgets to attribute it, obviously. It's a small problem when it's a sentence or a brief paragraph. It's a bigger problem when several paragraphs or chapters make their way into a paper. But some of course, Steele on purpose never intending to give others credit."