"Today marks a year since merica pulled out of the nuclear deal with Iran fair for I am announcing today that the United States will withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal. We will be instituting the highest level of economic sanction. The anniversary isn't passing without event. Iran has announced its own partial withdrawal from the nuclear deal today. Sean Joshi is economists defense editor that comes just days after the Americans moved an aircraft carrier into the Persian Gulf on the basis of intelligence of what they said were potential Iranian attacks on American forces, and Michael the US secretary of state has ten up on expectedly in Iraq, which is one of the main US Iran sites have competition the region, so it's all kicking off in the Middle East, and it's been a year since President Donald Trump withdrew America from the from the nuclear deal the. Me through again, why he chose to do that. And what the relations have been since the JCP was joint comprehensive plan of action. This was the fancy name given to the nuclear deal that Aram signed with six world powers back in two thousand fifteen to cap its nuclear program, which many people fit was racing towards a nuclear bomb in exchange for trade and economic relations with the west I've been doing deals for a long time. I've been making lots of wonderful deals. Great deals. That's what I do. Donald Trump said the Iran deal was the whist the will never ever ever in my life. Have I seen any transaction? So incompetently negotiated as our deal with Iran. And I mean, never he felt not only head given away too much to Iran. It allowed her on to keep the ability to enrich some uranium which is which is a potential pathway to a bomb it allowed Iran sanctions relief that Trump said it would spend on funding terrorism in the region. It didn't stop around from testing missiles, which could be used to cause havoc against the US in its Attallah is and ultimately the biggest complaint that Trump and his team had was that the deal didn't change Iran's approach to the region. It didn't change Iran's willingness to confront the United States confront Arab allies, the US and confront Israel. And for all of those reasons he decided I'm done with this deal. I'm gonna tear it up, and we're going to try bludgeoning rom into something more formidable something more constraining and exactly a year on ran has announced that it it self is going to start to ignore the deal which the significance of that. What exactly is undoing? Well, Sandra Hanni. Iran's president has said he will start doing two things on the real pressure from his hardliners who wanted to do this for a long time. One of them is that it will start building up stockpiles something called enriched uranium low enriched uranium, and that's one of the things that can ultimately help you make a bomb the nuclear deal capped, the amount that Iran could have and Rania saying, okay, we're going to break that cap. We're going to build up a little bit more beyond it. The second thing. He said he's doing is that he will start building up. Heavy water. Heavy water is a specific type of chemical that used in nuclear reactors that can ultimately make plutonium which is another way of building a bomb. So Ronnie is not saying we're gonna dash for a nuclear weapon, we're going to tear up the deal completely. He's being clever about this. He saying we'll break out of it. And reasonably limited ways challenging the Europeans to say, you really gonna tear up the deal for these steps. And so in in the context of there's also this movement of the aircraft carrier. You say it's it's all kind of kicking off. I mean is it. How much does this sort of stir the pot, and how much of this is just kind of sabre-rattling very hard to tell the US said, it has credible intelligence showing that Iran plan to attack US forces in US allies in the region using drones using proxy militia forces. Now, we don't know how good how solid that intelligence is some officials say they spotted wrong moving entire missiles on tops of boats, which perhaps they were preparing to use them. Happy will preparing to ready them. Other officials say, hey, look, it's not actually clear with this was preparation for an attack or just preparation for a contingency plan in case. Iran was attacked. I in other words, getting the stage ready for retaliation. So the intelligence is vague. And I think sent me in Europe among European diplomats and other parts of the world. There's a little bit of mistrust about American intentions, and the reliability of these American claims simply because America and the person who announced this movement of the carrier John Bolton is well known as a. Great hawk on Iran has been wanting to amplify pressure on Iran. So I think this some suspicion perhaps the administration may have played up the solidity of this intelligence in order to sort of rattler sabres, you say and false Iran to back down and couch into some kind of submission is is there a sense. Do you think that the the US is frustrated that even though it's pulled out of the deal? It's reimpose sanctions that around seems to be getting on. All right, the regime seem stable. I think it's the opposite. I think that they sniffing opportunity they see rom in economic crisis. They are convinced that the protests, they see even if the river economic issues are in fact, indications of seething discontent against the Talas. They see a region in which the Arab allies that Isreaeli allies role moving in lockstep all unified on the issue of confronting Iran. And I think they see opportunity to deliver lethal decisive blow to Iran force to it's knees force it to kind of give up everything it would not give up to Barrack Obama back in two thousand fifteen so. I think this is born of confidence some would say hubris not weakness, not not fair. How much of this is that America might want to change the terms find it difference Iran deal, and how much of it is just kind of the early stages of again regime change. Well, Joan Bolton has said when he announced the movement of Vinik carrier to the region, we don't want regime change and other officials have said that as well do people believe them, do you. No one knows. I'm not sure I do either. I think that the Americans said they don't want this. They said that it won't award but the conditions. They have demanded of your on Mike Pompeo, the secretary of state made a list of I think thirty also demands of Iran. This was kind of like a Austro-Hungarian ultimatum, right? It was a demand that people thought is. So extreme is so sweeping would necessitate such a dramatic change in everything that Iran does about its foreign policy and defence policy that it would never be accepted. And if American knows it's making demands it can't be. Accepted some people think is that just a pretext for justifying laying the groundwork for military action. No one really knows the answer to that. But I think the actions of the last few days the pathway, we're now on should make us all very worried about the prospect of military confrontation down the line. And so with that in mind, and this these these sabres being rattled, how do you think this will play out? I think we're looking at the end of the nuclear deal the rains have given Europe sixty days to say, look, you know, give us the economic benefits if this all will completely pull out in that. That's the end of it. I think Europeans have done the best. They can to try and protect their own trade with Iran from meddling American sanctions, they've tried to tell Iran you'll better off in this deal out, but has any is under pressure. From hotline is at home. He's he had his chumps the Americans shattered the deal in just the way that the supreme leader of Iran said they would. And so I don't think he has much political leeway to Lynn palm. I think the deal is going to die in sixty days. Once that happens. Iran will be under pressure to go back to where it was before. Twenty fifteen building up its nuclear infrastructure hinting that it's going to pursue its way to a bomb not at full speed. But but creeping its way there and challenging the Americans to do something about it. If if they if they we're going to be back in those very dunk troubling days of twenty eleven twenty twelve when the region looked like it was really on edge. Thank you very much for your time."