Listen: The world is losing the biodiversity that secures food production, UN expert says
"This is Liska Fiji with UN news B's soil trees, even tiny organisms. We can't even see all play a vital role in producing the world's food yet this biodiversity which supports how food and agriculture systems is under stress. That's according to a new report by the United Nations food organization FAO, which finds that thirty three percent of fish, stocks are estimated to be overfished and be colony losses are on the rise. All factors that endanger, the world's future security, speaking to Sharada Lomas. Dan, Lesquin from the commission on genetic resources for food and agriculture explained. Why biodiversity is essential to food production without by D? We wouldn't have any food by the visit. He is the variety of all life on earth. It's crops vegetables livestock. But in addition by diversity is also a huge number of organ. Resumes that do not end up on our plate. But they're essential to support the food production, for example, bees which we need for pollination microorganisms invertebrates that may which basically worms or insects that enrich our soil's and FARs that provide shelter to wild foods and regulate the climate mangroves grasses at cars that provide habitat to important fishery species, this so-called associated biodiversity is what we looked at in the report on the state of the balls by diversity for culture. And so what are the main drivers of this loss in Bida versity for food and agriculture? The report lists are whole range of different drivers, including major global trends to just climate change. But also precious by international markets, consumer habits pollution, and the transition of many of our production systems to very intense production systems based on a very reduced number of crops or livestock. So where are we saying the biggest losses in biodiversity while we've known for a long time that will losing the biodiversity that ends up on our played. We're losing crop by visit. He we're losing the diversity of animal breeds, for example of more than seven thousand five hundred could breeds twenty six percent have been classified as being as being at risk of extinction. And for sixty seven percent of them. We basically don't know if they are at risk or if they don't are at risk and similarly in the case of Trump's plan species, we know. That were using only very tiny percentage of the plant species that are actually available for food production. Sixty six percent of our total Trump production comes from elite nine crops globally. But we're also losing biodiversity that supports our production systems. We're losing for example, birds, bats and insects. Many European countries have reported dramatic declines in those organisms, and they play an important role, for example for the pest and disease regulation. What impact does that have on all a food security? But what we need to understand is that losing bio-diversity for food and agriculture, whether it's the WSB TV eat all the diversity that supports the production of our of our food be it soil microbes or pollinators lady box that eat efforts losing this by visiting is not just an environmental issue. It is a very serious threat to world. Food security. They how can we halt the loss of biodiversity? What changes must be made? Now. First of all, we need to address the factors that lead to the loss of biodiversity suggests pollution or overexploitation or also consumer habits, we need to make sure that we conserve biodiversity where and whenever possible by sustainably using biodiversity. Now, it is advised insurance policy to conserve biodiversity. Gene bangs at research facilities or other similar institutions and many countries are doing this already, but there's clearly room for improvement. And we also in the future need to take more care of the biodiversity that doesn't end up on our plate the biodiversity that support of food production systems because that has been largely neglected part of our bad westie say, even if we make these changes, we still have the mounting problem of climate change by too, but what we need to realize that biodiversity. T- while it is threatened by climate change also provides an important reservoir of solutions to mitigate and to adapt to climate change biodiversity increases the range of options that farmers livestock. Peepers forest dwellers, Fisher fog, and fish farmers can draw upon to adopt their production strategies to changing conditions, including climate change by the visit t means resilience in means the ability to recover to recover from an to also adapt to disasters and other shocks Scholley. The choices we make its consumers have an impact on what products get produced. What role can we play in all of this? Well, let me first of all people are not just consumers their voters. They may be teachers. They may be hobby gardeners. They may be citizen scientists and in all these roles they may play important roles in raising awareness of biodiversity for food and agriculture consumers. Do not always and everywhere have the. Formed choice. But where they have the information they should've Isley opt for food produce with minimal impact on the environment up for fresh rather than processed food for seasonal food. They should opt for locally produced food and agriculture product."