Listen: Huge scale of mental health problems in emergenciesisbigger than a decade ago: WHO
"An Akhara MOU with your news, mental health problems are used in conflict or emergency settings with more than one in five people affected the World, Health Organization, or WHO said in a new report after reviewing data from thirty nine countries and territories, the UN health agency estimates that one in ten vulnerable people as a moderate to severe mental disorder which can be life threatening in an interview with you. And uses Daniel Johnson, w Dr Mark von Meran outlines the findings describes. What's being done to help sufferers, including in war torn Syria, so refined that one in five people is immersing, she's have meant to health condition, and it almost one in ten have moderate to severe mental health condition, and that means that there's a need for much more investment in into healthcare in emergencies in culture testings. And in the years after as that these rates are high in the first ten years after the call. And so, tell me how these figures compare with what you found ten years ago, the last time that the World Health Organization looked into this issue. We found that the numbers are higher ten years ago, we estimated that three to four percent of petition would have a severe mental disorder into last year. But now, we say more than five percents of any given amount of time, she you think fell one percent for Bessis other big fish, huge. We talking here about one hundred and thirty two people in need humanitarian aid. So everything of percents has added. That's an enormous amount of people to serve, and how many conflict areas, did he manage to access we review data from thirty nine countries and territories to establish these new estimates, give me an example, a concrete example, in your report, you do talk about Syria? And you say that despite will than eight years of wool, many countries, including Syria, have captured. Allies. Don't emergency situations to build better mental health systems in Syria before the war. I visited there and there were only mental services available in the capital ended in that both were the two largest cities, and there were services were offered through lart mental hospitals now, after the war started. There was a need for bringing services. Go to the people people could have kicked personal account travel, a second of all the kind of problems they have, you know, DVD's in a mental hospital. So what happened was that w two partners started to make mental health available in the time we healthcare services, so right now in Syria all the functioning primary healthcare services and health bills General Hospital services, but trying to percents of those services, there's right now, meant healthcare available that is done enough between eight hundred percent much more affect, but it's a lot more than we have before. So that means that right now and people living near those services. They have access to mental health care. I'm just wondering first. How do you spot those with mental health problems that perhaps, aren't as obvious as signs of trauma, physical trauma? And what happens if you don't treat these people what is going to happen? Afterwards went on headed meant mental health, follow or not have meant telephone is often visible. I mean, there are mental, folks very obvious the neck on the ones mentality. Mentality very much related to functioning. So people don't function of severe mental health problems if they have more difficulties functioning and different in versus you have more difficulties to survive, we do know what helps doesn't help so group counseling, interventions that individuals interventions we promote community self help we promote and the evidence for combination of psychological, social and medical process, so medicine, you need to be edible in primary care for severe problems they need to have the option of having more medical care, but the bulk of care can be done through community, interventions. Unless question t- to that, number and was there anything surprising in your research that came out of your work I was surprised at the rates verifies percent, five percent of people have severe mental folks. It's just an enormous number. And I would have expected to be lower."