"Well we have the apollo eleven celebrations behind us. We have our own australian space. Agency set up by making clock so what's next today we take the sign show to the world science festival in brisbane with an expert panel who know how you can have asteroids containing tanning more minerals like iron and the rest than even remain in the earth's crust and who understand how water mind in space can be worth millions but what's the potential there so many surprises including their own space history so off we go to so you're in space. It's been part of a human journey into space into strata. I began space tracking in nine hundred fifty seven but in the end suing years while seventy four other nations including new zealand indonesia formed space agencies australia did not for decades among o._e._c._d. Countries only australia and iceland did not have a dedicated headed space agency australia's group that counted luxembourg motor and vatican city among its members but in may two thousand eighteen the government budgets did about twenty six point five million dollars which was allocated to the newly formed australian space agency and on may the fourteenth got another fifteen million to kick start things the three part program today. We'll look at the past history australia's role in space. Take a deep dive into the forces that formed the new a._s._a. And examine the visionary science settled propel our nation into the future space travel in two thousand nine hundred and beyond and so chapter one we're going to start by looking at australia's impact on space travel by getting a history lesson from an independent space historian curator and writer and a lecturer in the space humanities department of the international space university. She's a member of the international academy of astronautics and also serves on the international astronautical federation space education and outreach committee and its space societies and museums committee so please welcome tom historian and author of the book australia in space kerrie dougherty okay yeah i rocket when thomas brisbane came out did he average rookies with sent home so when we're fish walkers well. It's an interesting story. I probably not was a._a. Champion adelaide in the eighteen seventies called frederick haslam and he actually developed an improved risky rocca for maritime rescues but sadly an a story we hear over and over again the south australian government locked like the idea but they didn't want to spend the money on it and so his development was never adopted ended. I rockets when they happened. Go up in woomera yeah seeing the rocket range inch or the township and it was originally created actually for testing long range british missiles back in the late nineteen forties what that meant though was that come from the late nineteen fifty s when the space age began you had the right concentration of skills and experience from tracking missiles that could be used to track rockets and satellites satellites and his first sounding rocket which is not a rocket that can put a satellite into orbit but can go very high up into the atmosphere to carry scientific instruments intruments. That's long term. He was called named after one of the senior people. We're who apparently was very tool so when he was the boss of the guys who developed at so they thought they'd better named after him to destroy play in that early period tracking and so on one of our major roles was actually in space tracking and even before nasa existed the united states had put a couple of tracking stations in for the first satellite and from there we began to cover all the different types of missions that nasa developed after it was created in fifty eight so we had tracking stations deep space missions tracking stations orbital missions and tracking stations for human spaceflight missions and that began with the mercury project for those of you who remember john glen."