World isn't meeting biodiversity goals, UN report finds
The number of plants and animals on the planet that are at risk today would be far higher without globally agreed safeguards in action to protect him but it still far from good enough UN by diversity exports sat on Tuesday in call for far greater commitment from only Chicago to safeguard human wellbeing in the planet's the body that oversees these work. The Convention on biodiversity urged those gathering for UN summit at the end of the. Month to broaden their ambition from the convention. Here's Executive Secretary Elizabeth Marina Deputy Executive Secretary David Cooper talking to UN uses Daniel Johnson just if you wouldn't mind Elizabeth Merima give me the classification of diversity and in particular why is it important in simple words by devastate is everything around us and when I say everything around us, it means everything we do as human activities affected by busy. Each could be what we do on the land what we're doing. What we do in the forest, what we do on species, animals, plants, I mean, what we do is we produce our food as we consume all by diversities. So our human actions in the nature of virus around us and what we're finding is that if fact but diversity is in massive trouble and your report from the conventional biological diversity, the UN Conventional Biological Diversity tells us that only six out of the world's twenty goals on biodiversity have. been achieved only partially achieved by the deadline, which is actually this year. So to be honest I wasn't aware that the governments of the world had agreed in Japan twenty ten to a series of biodiversity targets and you're saying that only six of twenty goals of being partially achieved by the two thousand twenty deadline. So what is the concern? Which of these? Obviously a very bad report card where have we gone wrong and please don't say everywhere. No because they some progress. But indeed unfortunately by diversity's declining it unprecedented level rate and precious deriving they decline unfortunately. So increasing just as underlying. So indeed this scorecard, his only identify six of the twenties so not even half in the seats. In the areas of deforestation, where at least deforestation is gone down by Fed or two percent fisheries. Management fisheries catches also improved clearly indicating where appropriate policies on fisheries management have been put in place. Then the fishery cage hazing and abundance is increased and improved education of alien species. Particularly from the islands Z. Qualley improved protected areas has increased from ten percent to fifteen percent in terrestrial in three to seven percents on marine areas we also learned my says extinction fishes extension at really threatened in the history of mankind still where conservation measures they've been put in place every improved and reduce extinction of species without which. We and be waste than what we are talking today I think joining us now we are very fortunate have Mr David Cooper. Deputy Executive Secretary of the UN. Conventional. Biological, diversity. Welcome to you Mr Cooper. Thank you very much. Daniel. Thank you ever so much for joining us. We were just talking there with Elizabeth, my executive secretary on the really mixed report card. I. Think that's the charitable worth putting it off. The biodiversity targets that was back in two, thousand ten. So a decade on. We've got six of twenty goals partially achieved although Elizabeth was saying that the has been some good work on eliminating foreign species from islands and in the fisheries to and other national programs that perhaps you could tell me a bit more about to give us maybe a little bit of positive news. What is a pretty Hesse mystic outlook for humankind and also forbade diversity moving forward? Yes. Thank you very much indeed even in those targets that haven't been pasta passages talks that haven't been achieved. Is. Some signs the progress as as in his methods as as mentioned in which Houston deforestation rates in fooding fisheries management in dealing with invasive alien species and in reducing. Rate. So numbers of bird mammal extinctions that occurred over the past ten years or indeed over the life of the Convention would bean at least to perhaps up to four times higher without the actions of being taken. So one clear message despite the disappointing results one clear message is policies do work if they are put in place and implemented, and so we need to learn from that we. Need to be encouraged by that, we need to step up those policies more widely in order to reduce the greater biodiversity loss. The report also shows that if he wants to actually not only we do survey to biodiversity loss that Ben that curve and put me on a path to recovery than more fundamental actions also needed looking at the way we produce and consume food in particular that. Sustainable production and consumption captains more broadly as well. I'm just going to dive in that because the report is pretty alarming and I'm very glad to hear about some of these national projects that have been successful in. Boosting bio-diversity, but the report says that the rate of biodiversity loss is unprecedented in human history I guess we did know that really and precious intensifying and living as a whole being compromised, and of course, we can't have this discussion without talking about covert and how the degradation of our natural environment has I suppose, but closer into contact with viruses in the natural world, is that the kind of thing that's really going to galvanize support for greater support for native greater protection for nature if we don't do so we're going to be huge trouble ourselves forms. Suddenly I I. Hope. So there's Very clear evidence as you say that the degradation of of ecosystems encroachment into international areas, unregulated wildlife trade, these things. Increase the risk of emergence of future. Disease increase the risk of future pandemics, and conversely, if we can invest in conservation an investigation regulating control wildlife trade, we will reduce those risks. So these are suddenly Lead important reasons on top of wanting to prevent six-man south extinction. These really positive reasons also for investing in IDA versity.