Glossa Ordinaria


Welcome to five minutes in churches hosted by Dr Stephen Nicholson where we take a little break from the presence to go exploring the past travel back in time as we look the people events and even the places that have shaped the story of Christianity. This is our story. Family history. Let's get started. Do you know what may very well be the most important book of eleven hundreds If we were to dip back into the ten ninety S, we would say, oh, that's easy. That's why the God man by Anselm. If we were to go into the twelve hundreds, we probably say Thomas Acquaintance in his Suma that great massive work of theology. But what about the eleven hundreds? What would be the most important book? Uh, someone might say Peter Lombard's sentences it was written around eleven fifty. It was certainly a substantial book and it was a classic text for centuries after it was written I might. Be tempted to give that one a runner up however, and instead I'd go for the glossier ordinary a- It to was published right around eleven fifty am for about six hundred years. This was the standard annotations or commentary on the Bible. Let's take a look at it. Sal Gaza literally means language and when you gloss taxed that means to add an interpretive note usually in the margin and a collection of these glosses. Well, we call that a glossary. So see we're talking here about basically a dictionary and Expanded Dictionary Word an area well, that means ordinary. It also means lower or to be technical, it means a standard form. So the gloss ordinary a- written around eleven fifty or compiled better around eleven. Fifty was the standard form annotations of the biblical text. This is a massive work. It was a collection of books, commentaries, annotations on the Bible, and it did not just come in a vacuum. Let's. See how it came about early in the centuries, the monks in the biblical scholars would be writing margin notes on the biblical text as they would be copying the biblical text whether that was early in the Greek. Or the Hebrew or then as they began to became focused on the Latin text, they would write little notes in the margins that would sometimes define words or explain words. Sometimes, they would have a note that was larger than the margin. They would have to write it at the bottom of the page at the bottom of the page was called the foot of the page. The top of course was called the head. And so notes written at the foot of the page came to be called footnotes, and so you can imagine over the centuries how these notes would increase in accumulate in. So you would have notes all over the margins. You'd have notes all over the bottom of the page, and soon, you couldn't even see the text and so what they would begin to do is collect these notes in a separate book and then of course. You'd have to have multiple books and that's what the glossy ordinary is. It's multiple books of commentaries on the Bible or who did all this? Well, here's some names that you're probably not that familiar with one of them was afraid strap. Oh, straddle was from the eight hundred born a NATO eight died in eight, forty, nine, forty, one years old he was a German monk he wrote expositions of the Psalms and expositions of Leviticus. And following in his wake, there were a number of monks that would contribute very texts and commentaries. There's Bruno of Chartreux he wrote annotations on the songs and on Paul, and let's not forget manacled Lautenbach and all these other names that probably are not household names. Well, one more name is and some of lay own. Now, we know the more popular ANSELM and this anselm studied under the more famous and sell and this, and some of Laon he went on to establish a school of theology and a school of Biblical her. Knicks after his death, his students compiled all of these collections of glosses, glossaries, or commentaries on the Bible and put them all together. In this big book. This standard text of the biblical interpretation the gloss ordinary from eleven fifty it held sway for centuries as a standard text Thomas Aquinas forward suit for his Suma to do the same thing for theology it was a massive biblical text and that is the glossy ordinary. Ah The twelve, th century's most important book I'm Steve Nichols. Thanks for listening to five minutes in Church history. For more information or to listen to past episodes, please visit five minutes in Church history

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