"Today's episode is brought to you by the capital one venture card the capital one venture card you earn unlimited double miles every purchase every day and you can use those miles toward travel expenses like flights hotels rental cars and more just book and pay for your travel using your venture card and redeem your miles toward the cost capital one. What's in your wallet? Credit approval required capital one bank U._S._A.. An a welcome to brainstorm production of iheartradio Hey rain stuff Lauren Vogel bomb here eleven point eight percent of American households. That's about forty million people experienced food insecurity which is the lack of financial resources to buy sufficient food at least some of the time in two thousand seventeen according to the United States Department of Agriculture one way of fighting. This could be community food forests food forests are far cry from community gardens as they're not rows and rows of standard plant beds instead they're designed to mimic natural forests using food bearing trees roots Greens vines and other the plants while making the most of the space available as a result food forests are picturesque and calming gathering areas for community members looking to enjoy a piece of nature while picking whatever produce they need for free. We spoke with Giuseppe Tele Rico an agronomist. Specializing in permaculture food security and environmental management systems who is also the founder and manager of the world permaculture association. He said the concept behind food forests is that natural forests are highly productive in their own right and totally self-sustainable renewable over extremely long timeframes so by following the functional patterns that exist in the natural forest and adapting them to the conditions of light and space that each species need in order to be productive. We can create very low maintenance production zones that are essentially harvest systems by mimicking natural patterns in nature as much as possible. The hope is that every species needs humans animals and plants will be met in a sustainable way. Although there's some wiggle room for layout based on the local environment a typical food enforced is designed with the canopy of large nut and fruit trees followed by a lower tree layer of dwarf fruit trees nixed is a shrub layer composed of shrubs that produce berries followed by a layer of herbs and then by root crops such as potatoes and carrots the soil surface is planted with ground cover specific crops and finally layer vertical climbers vines like grapes or Kiwis is incorporated. Most of these spaces aren't even all that huge in fact when it opens Atlanta's urban food forest Brown's. Sounds mill will be the city's first in the largest in the U._S.. At seven point one acres that's about two point eight hector's even better food forests are often planned to make use of previously wasted space the Dr George Washington Carver at will park in Asheville North Carolina Carolina took over an area once occupied by a trash heap and the Glendale Community Garden in West Akron Ohio was created a vacant lot and all too common eyesore in cities across the country. It's not unusual for community churches schools and governments to who established food forests of whatever size they can manage with the help of civic organizations in volunteers but one food forest in a given city isn't going to totally eradicate the issue of hunger of course Atlanta urban food forest is one prong of a citywide effort to make healthy food accessible possible to eighty five percent of city residents by the year two thousand twenty two. We spoke by email with Mike Accord a forest ranger with trees Atlanta. He said the area is a U._S._D._A.. Classified Food Desert so benefiting the immediate neighborhood is the primary goal a group of neighbors manages the Community Garden and herb area while trees Atlanta and other partners manage the orchard and forced at sections of the land although food forces are free and open to the public they may ask visitors to only harvest food when forced managers are. Are Present to prevent people from accidentally damaging the plants or taking produce. That isn't ready yet. The movement is now gaining steam but food forced took awhile to get off the ground. The ASHVILLE food force was the first of its kind in the modern United States although Tele Rico. I'm not that human agroecology systems have been used for ages many communities such as those in Java Bali New Guinea and parts of central and South America a couple more popped up here and there after ashes launch nineteen ninety-seven but it wasn't until after Seattle's Beacon Hill food forest forest garnered much publicity in two thousand twelve these projects really started to gain traction as of two thousand eighteen there are more than seventy food forests established across the United States and thousands more around the world. Today's episode was written by Elliott White and produced by Tyler Clang. Breen stuff is a production of iheartradio's has stuff works for more on this and lots of other eco-friendly topics that are home planet has networks dot com and for more podcasts from iheartradio visit the iheartradio radio APP apple podcasts or wherever you listen to your favorite shows tomorrow television network decades pioneering television broadcast once and never seen again. That was nothing else like this on early television generation of American musicians completely forgotten. There hasn't been a guess."