Emily Dickinson, Amherst College, Amherst discussed on Encyclopedia Womannica
Of her time so very few of her poems published during her lifetime. Her work has had an immense impact on subsequent generations. Let's talk about Emily Dickinson. Emily was born in Amherst Massachusetts on December tenth eighteen. Thirty two Edward and Emily Dickenson. She was the second of three children. Emily's father Edward an ambitious lawyer native son of Amherst prided himself on playing a large role in the community as an elected state congressman the treasurer of Amherst College and the chairman of the annual cattle. Show he also served one term as a US congressman much. Less is known about Emily's mother though her survive correspondence suggests a quirky intelligence that belies her reputation as a passive wife. Emily her older brother Austin and younger sister Lavinia all attended the one room elementary school in amherst before moving to amherst academy a prestigious school out of which amherst college has grown after graduation from amherst academy. Emily enrolled at Mount Holyoke female seminary now Mount Holyoke college but her experience. There was not a happy one. She found the strict and invasive rules and religious requirements to be problematic. Emily was homesick so she left Mount Holyoke after just one year and returned to her family home at Mount Holyoke as well as at home. Emily was surrounded by the religious tradition of strict evangelical calvinism which centered on the belief that humans are born totally depraved and can only be saved if they accept Jesus. Emily had a hard time with these beliefs and was the only member of her family to never join the church. Instead she believed in the soul's immortality and the concepts of transcendental ism she was disinterested in less symbolic conceptions of religious truth this would become an important component of her poetry. Emily started writing poetry during her teen years. Mostly and letters to friends and none of it meant publication or public ewing. A surprising number of these letters still exist today and show. Emily's humor gift for relying anecdotes and her sense. Her correspondence responding to her letters with less interest than she would have liked. This would become a bit of a constant theme by her early twenties. Emily starting to become more reclusive. She restricted her social activities and reduced her correspondence to a select few with whom she maintained intense relationships through in eighteen fifty five. Emily's mother fell. Ill because neither emily nor her sister were married. The two subsequently required to spend significant time on domestic pursuits taking care of the Dickinson household during that period. Emily increased her self-imposed isolation even further between eighteen fifty five eighteen fifty eight. Emily wrote a lot of poetry in the summer of eighteen fifty eight. Emily began compiling her work into little books. She wrote clean copies of her poems onto find stationary and then so the sheets together at the fold to create small booklets over the course of about seven years. Emily created forty booklets with about eight hundred poems. Home Forty five from Emily's collection entitled snowflakes reads. I counted today dance. Their slippers the town and then I took a pencil to note the rebels down and then they grew so jolly. I did resign. The pray and ten of my once stately toes are Marshall for a big. Because Emily never left any instructions regarding these booklets. We can only guess what her intentions were for them. Some believe that she was simply organizing her poems for convenience others believe that. Emily want these booklets to eventually be published after death in the late eighteen fifties and early eighteen sixties. Emily seems to have suffered through some kind of personal crisis. That may have been partially due to romantic rejection. We don't have a clear record of exactly what was going on. But this along with other issues in her family lead emily heavily distressed and further increased her isolation instead of succumbing to whatever she was going through. Emily wrote extraordinary poems at an even more prolific rate during the civil war era. Emily explored the ironies of humanity often. Tragic such as the constant denial fulfillment and the search for the divine and the every day in her poems. She also wrote profoundly about what it meant to be a woman during her time women subjectivity and subordination and the need for self reliance and greater liberty in her last fifteen years. Her social life was nearly completely conducted by correspondence after her father's death in eighteen seventy four. Emily even had a passionate romance with Massachusetts Supreme Court judge entirely by letter. She continued to write about thirty five poems per year in the eighteen eighties. Emily experienced tragedy after tragedy as I. Her mother died and then many of her closest correspondence. One after another this culminated in the sudden death of her beloved eight-year-old nephew after that she stopped seeing almost everyone emily. Dickinson died of a stroke in eighteen. Eighty six. She was fifty five years old. After Emily's death her sister Lavinia put extraordinary effort into getting Emily's poems published with the help of Emily's remaining literary friends poems by Emily Dickinson was published in eighteen. Ninety the volume receive significant public interest and was acclaimed by famous author and critic. William Dean howells's as a distinctly American voice because Emily's poetry both in terms of content and especially style was really quite ahead of its time it took years before her greatness fully registered with the American poetry community and with the world at large by the nineteen fifties leading poets like Hart Crane Allen Tate and Elizabeth fish as well as the new critics were in thrall with emily's brilliance and were instrumental in establishing her place in the Pantheon of great lyric poets tune. In tomorrow for the story of another Beautiful Mind Special. Thanks to my favorite sister and co-creator Lizzy Caplan. Talk to you tomorrow before you go. I want to tell you about another show. I think you'll like think about the books that have changed you. The ones that made you see the world in a whole New Light on the. But that's another story podcast. Bestselling AUTHOR WILL. Schwab talks to influential guests about the moments and books. That have been transformative for that job. Here jodie foster talk about how reading Franny and Zoe by J D. Salinger convinced her to put her acting career on hold so she could go to college and form a community here. How Joan diddy essay inspired crazy? Rich Asians author Kevin Kwan. To move to New York. We love celebrating the books that have changed our lives. Just like we love honoring the women who've shaped our history checkout. But that's another story wherever you get your podcasts..