Ohio, Dr. Chris Winslow, Lake Erie discussed on Town Hall Ohio
Continues after this news traffic whether sports Columbus is news radio 16. And W TVN. Welcome back to our Ohio Weekly anti Higgins Earlier this summer, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration pegged the severity of the algal bloom on Lake Erie at a 4.5 on a scale of 10 1 of the smaller forecast in recent years. Final data to calculate the official bloom sighs won't be released until later this year. But one researcher says the original guests will be close. Chris Winslow is director of the Ohio State University's Ohio See Grant College program, Dr Winslow Thanks for being on the show this week. Absolutely pleasure. So earlier this summer, the algal bloom forecast from Noah for Lake area came in at 4.5. How close do you think will be to that number Given what we've seen so far. Yeah. I mean, it wouldn't surprise me. If that's an accurate forecast A CZ that tool has been for the last handful years. They don't actually know it won't actually take all the data across the year and really address whether they hit the forecast spot on or not. But based on the bi weekly reports, I get of where the bloom is at and where it's moving. Um, it has been a relatively small bloom on and so that's that's good here. We in a year where You know, some of our travel restrictions have been in play. It's nice to be able to go to a lake in social distance and enjoy that resource. So it has been a light blowing you How would you summarize the bloom activity So far? Yes, the most. I would say most of the communities that are being impacted by the bloom this year is right around Mommy Day between you know Toledo and Mommy Bay State Park. Then because of the wind directions that we've seen this year. A lot of it has been held up against the Miss Michigan shoreline. And so I would say it has really pretty much been relegated to right around. You know, the Mummy River that day and a little bit west of that up along the machine shoreline and a little bit south east of that, but again, mild relative to some of our previous years. Mentioned how the forecast has been pretty on point for most of the years. It's hard to believe because the past few years the weather patterns have been pretty sporadic. We had a wet spring in 19, you know, mostly dry for the northwest part of the state this year in the spring. Does that help or hurt your research efforts? What? What the variability and whether Does that makes it difficult for the academics in the agencies to communicate. You know, the successes we've had been trying to address her flogged blooms is that the size of the bloom is really driven by how wet that spring is so basically the first of March a day in July. And so if you have a dry year, people that engage with the lake, you know, feel like, hey, the problems Khan and nothing's here and then, in those wet years, you get a big bloom and advice says, You know what the heck have we been doing? Where's our progress? So the wedding spring years I'm sort of the wet and dry years. Definitely impact that size of the bloom, but you need to look at the bloom over a decade or more to really figure out. Are we making progress from, you know, addressing wastewater treatment plant and septic tanks, you know, run off from from the landscape will suburban urban areas and then also, you know the runoff from our agricultural lands, and so The variability. What it does is it just makes people that live along the lake and recreate on the lake, you know, not know what to expect every year. Um, but from the scientists perspective, it's It's absolutely what we expect to see. Want to talk to you about the waste water and sewage control structures in a bit, But you mentioned agriculture's Let's start there. You know, we have mentioned the ever changing weather and its impacts on the intensity. The algal Bloom. How does research show how much progress is being made by best management practices being used on farms in the watershed? You know, there's always has to be a control, right? But the weather certainly isn't that. So how do you gauge if we're making progress on the agriculture front or not? Yes, I would say we've made a lot of progress on the agricultural affront from one specific perspective. And that is the best management practices. So the recommendations we make tea growers about you know when to use cover crops When not you want to put trial or tile drain control structures in place, you know? Ah, how big should above her stripped me where should be placed in Corporation of fertilizer? We're seeing a lot of great data come back from from experiments run on those very applications. And so every day that goes by our academics and other agencies, air learning when one BMP works, and when it doesn't which landscapes or better shooted for that versus others, So I think the greatest progress we're seeing is being able to Inform farmers. When you want to be engaged in placing being peace, and a lot of our farmers are many of them. Just want to know which which practice is best for them. That's the biggest progress that I feel like we're making a cz you've seen in your onions has probably seen you know the models that come out on. You know, we just need this 40% reduction in and phosphorous entering, you know, Lake Erie from the Mommy River. Come to get to that point. We need to have just huge adoption rates across the watershed and and we're not quite at those numbers yet. And so it's hard for a year to year basis to say. Where are we? In terms of that? 40% reduction are we 20% are we 30% Have we not moved it all. It's hard to do that assessment right now. So when people ask me, are we doing the right things? From a research perspective. It's hard to tell at the full watershed scale, but I can tell you we're learning a lot about what to tell farmers to do a cz they as they work their farms. Dr. Chris Winslow is director of the Ohio State University's Ohio See Grant College program. Our guest this week on our Ohio Weekly. There are some new initiatives being done in the name of water quality, including Governor DeWine's H to Ohio program. How does Dr Winslow see that programme fitting into Ohio's water quality efforts? I'll ask him coming up. Putting together in a state plan is a great idea, and the success of that plan hinges on how well those plans were communicated before they need to be implemented. Kelly Break Field. Mohr is an attorney with right and Maura and Kelly, making sure everyone's on the same page is key. When it comes to a succession plan. Yes, we do have a family here, and one of those questions is as we sit around table do I share this playing with our Children? There could be multiple answers to that, But I have found that if the parents have shared the plan with the Children It makes for a lot easier Administration of emotionally and physically easier administration but a really tough conversation to have because some of those expectations are high, right. I say it's easy for me to say all this right, But for Mom and dad to really sit down with the family and share that plan, there's a hard decisions to make for Mom and dad have the equitable versus equal issue that's hard to sit down and say We're not treating you all right? Well, here's our plan, and we will say among that, you know if we need to be at that table and had that conversation, look at us, maybe as the there and and help ease some of those fears and answer those questions for those Children that may be uneasy about the plan. We can be the bad guys. We tell Mom, Dad that we could beat the bad guys saying, you know, this is how it is. Are. This needs to be more spattering charge and this is the plan. We can give them generalisations of housing. Former world do play out somewhere. So we always talk on the fact that that moment actually playing together and have a ball about it that way so long that here they're putting into this.