Greenland, Talia Colic, Canada discussed on ABC News Perspective

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Been an inconvenience, though it's been a matter of life and death is highlighted in the new documentary, The last ice produced by our Partners of National Geographic. The Talia Colic has built awareness around the waist. Climate change affects her annual community in the northern part of the world. It's something I talked with her about ahead of the film's release, explain to our listeners for those who may not know what area of the world are we talking about? How many miles is it? How big is it and how many people are there? So in late we occupy in Reno, not our homeland, and it stretches across for nation states in the Arctic, So from Russia to the US across Canada, and, uh, over to Greenland. And so we are. We cover the top of the world and we are over a large area of water land, um and ice. But we are a small population of about 170,000 people. How long of people live there? Since the beginning of time for thousands and thousands of years. And we intend to continue to live here in our homeland. Tell me what life is like there right now. Right now I'm doing my you know, grad school in Nuuk, Greenland. Even though I'm from Canada. It's just the most wonderful place to be so peaceful. We have a very good balance of tradition in terms of our culture and our language and our way of life. It also modern ways as well. Tell me more about the culture and and and the way of life there. What was it like? Well, we're hunting people. So we're completely dependant on our land the water in our environment, and so we are very much dependent on the food source is that we harvest which we have for thousands of years. And some things that we consume include Well caribou fish a seal and these are all staples in our In our food source. So it's our food security. The cost of living is really, really high because all of the places that we live are mostly accessible by air only. And so we import food, um, which is very expensive. And so we have to supplement our mains food source, which is a food that we hunt with store bought food That is really costly. It sounds like I mean, it's not doesn't sound like it is. People stretched across a very, very vast area. How bigger the village is typically with the number of people who are there. Well, I'm very so we have cities like nuke where I'm living right now, as a student is the capital of Greenland, and there are about 19,000 people who live here. And that's like a huge city in India, Internet and then some of the smaller communities could be from 30 or so people Esso. It varies in terms of size, then the name of the National Geographic documentary is the last ice, and it chronicles what the people there are fighting against with climate change. Describe for us what it's like now and what it was, you know, maybe 10 years ago, 20 years ago and how things were changing and how quickly they're changing. The last ice is really a great film Doc feature length documentary that helps tell that story because as you can hear in the film, and the cuts have Perry, who is a hunter from the northern part of Greenland. Indicates that the ability to access traditional knowledge and ways of being in terms of hunting has changed substantially in his lifetime alone, and he is a relatively young man because it's that quick. That climate change is affecting our environment. And so he indicates that there are areas that we were able to hunt. Before that we can no longer access due to the breakdown of the sea ice. Whenever we were making the film we traveled to different areas of our homeland, and we heard different ways in which climate change had affected people on a day to day basis today. And so there are communities that have had to evacuate because of the melting permafrost underneath the land where the homes are built. That's melting and s. So they've had to evacuate and change, uproot their entire lives and adapt to a new life in a new place, and then another places. We're losing our hunters through the sea ice. Because it's just changing so quickly, and it is not the same anymore. So it effects you know families and it effects food security because those hunters would be the ones that would be putting the food on the table. Have you seen it? Change personally? Just, you know, with your own eyes. Yes, because I have attended funerals of hunters who have died because of the changing sea ice are sea ice is our highway and so in order to be able to act us the different animals that we harvest Their migration patterns. You have to travel quite far from where we have our communities today, when the sea ice is melting, and it's much more unpredictable. There are circumstances where, by If you're traveling by skidoo, which is like a snow mobile or a dog team, which you see in the film the last night's. There are areas that are.

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