"It subscribe. If you haven't already done so make sure you leave a five star review. a-rated really helps the show on reach out to us on social media. Be History podcast for twitter and a brief FACEBOOK and instagram. Less than what you WANNA hear. Nice give some episode ideas tennis. What we're doing won't Not doing so well or even if you just WanNa shout town on the next episode please we still this week will in the second hot off. The Sri Lankan civil war and will let we're GONNA So the shrunken civil will was a civil full on the island of Sri Lanka Getting on the twenty thirty July nineteen in eighteen three in there was intimate insurgency against the government by Liberation Tigers of tunnel along the LTTE. It also known as the Tamil Tigers which folks CRICHTON independent Tamil state could attend the lump in north east of the island after twenty twenty six year campaign. The community defeated the Tamil Tigers in May two thousand nine bringing into civil in the first part to lamble I nine hundred ninety three thousand nine hundred ninety seven now whether this is the second the second eat. I'm more which ran from nineteen ninety to nineteen ninety five. The violence continued unabated despite the steps taken to a piece tunnels such the thirteenth amendment enacted November eighty seven. Meanwhile the Chief Minister of the North East Principal Counsel virata among put forward a nineteen point demand to resolve the ethnic crisis. He threatened if these demands. Were not met that the provincial council I will go ahead with the unilateral declaration of Independence of the Nova southeastern pulses as in the case offer. Dj President Premadasa moved quickly dissolved. The council March nineteen ninety at the same time L.. T. T. Tara tactic too. Scarce in the lease a Muslim farms way from northeast of the island swiftly took control of significant portion of the tax rate when the Indian peacekeeping force withdrew in nineteen. Eight thousand nine thousand nine hundred ninety. L T T established many government in light sanctions in the areas under its control. Attentive safe spy held in one thousand nine hundred as the LT occupied itself. We've did the destroying rally tumbled groups while the government crackdown on the JVP uprising. When both major combatants had established grist power basis? They turned on each other on. The ceasefire broke down government Defensive to try and retake Jaffna this spicer will soon acquired the name along. Walter unfeatured unprecedented brutality on the eleventh for June nineteen ninety the LTTE Mexicans six hundred policemen in Eastern Province surrendered on promises say conduct the government place in a boggled food on medicine entering the Jaffna peninsula an air force relentlessly bombed L. T. T. targets in the area. The altitude me responded by tackled sooner lease a Muslim visages. A massacring civilians when the largest civilian massacres is there occurred when al T- masculine hundred sixty six Muslim civilians. At pollyanna go della the government trained and on Thom God Muslim units they then took revenge on vintages that was also significant Moscow. TEMO civilians means attributed to government forces especially in the eastern provinces notable international jurists in New Zealand in a speech at the IC asked Colombo indicated that the investigations into massacres. His disappearances of civilians including many children in Shekar Condon Eastern University Montana on the mass merger flew blue to burial of school children as Sir Canada were hampered by the adoption of emergency regulations which contributed to climate of of impunity along roadsides in North Anisse burning bodies became a common sight throughout the country government. Death Squads hunted down kidnapped or killed Senegalese with Tom. Youth suspected of sympathizing with the. JV people out not respectively in October nineteen ninety out T to expel all the Muslims reside in the northern province. A total of seventy two thousand Muslims before I leave the homes taking nothing but the clothes on their back the largest battle. The war took place in July nine hundred ninety five thousand L. T. T. fighters surround the army's Elephant Pass base which controlled access to the Jaffna Peninsula Sula more than twenty two thousand died on both sides in month-long siege for ten thousand government troops arrived to relieve the base in February nineteen ninety-two another series of government offenses filed to recapture Jaffna left tenant. General Denso aw come together with major general rigid. Vj while Milan Admiral Mahan Jeremiah died on April August nineteen ninety-two Ali pull Jaffna due to an online by last deb deaths by affected military between morale the LT Salted a major victory. When one of suicide bombers killed trying to compress uh-huh Premadasa in May nineteen ninety-three in November nineteen ninety-three that lt defeats the army of the battle. Lots this attack. Five hundred sixty two shrine console and one hundred fifty five sailors even dead or missing in action. mm-hmm on wool. The third started from Nineteen Ninety five to Harriman in nineteen ninety four parliamentary elections you. MP were defeated immense great hope. The People's Alliance headed by Shrek. Next Komo Chunga came to power on. Please join the presidential election campaign in. Lt Bump attack was carried out Jordan. Rally a how at Tonga Grandpass eliminated the entire top brass the U. N. P. leadership including his presidential candidate. Jimmy does it on key became the president with a sixty two percent majority. A ceasefire was agreed to in January. Nineteen eighteen ninety five but the Negotiation proved fruitless. LTTE broke the cease fire and blew up two gunboats the S. L. S. Sarah out s s when Syrup of the shrine could navy on the nineteenth April. That apple become the next phase of will eat are more of the third. The new government then pursued a policy of wolf apiece a determined to retake key rebel stronghold ejectment which was occupied by twenty two thousand rebels pull troops into the peninsular in a successful operation. We should reverse in one particular incident on August. Nineteen ninety-five apple's just bombed. Saint Peter's Church on nominally conly sixty five refugees and we'll do a hundred and fifty of us. In another instance in San Year over forty people massacred in never could live more civilian massacres followed in subsequent years older than carried out by government forces government troops initially cut off the peninsula from the rest of the island and then after seven weeks of heavy fighting succeeded in bringing Jaffna under government. Gum Control for the first time in nearly a decade in a high profile ceremony could defense minister colonel undoing. Adila rat wet raised the national flag inside the Jaffna full on the fifth December nineteen ninety five. The government estimated their approximate awesome eight thousand five hundred soldiers. Rebels were killed in the offensive on estimated seven thousand wounded. Many civilians were killed in this conflict. Doc such as Navy church bombing in which hundred and twenty-five civilians died the Lt more than three hundred fifty thousand civilians compelled by Lt partially Jaffna fled divining region into the interior. Most of the refugees returned later the next next year the LT responded by northern operation unceasing waves decisively won the battle a matter. David living on the eighteenth July nineteen ninety-six even one thousand one hundred seventy street army troops dead which included Georgian seven officers Executed after surrendering to the AL T T. The government Never offensive in August nineteen ninety-six six. Another two hundred thousand civilians fled. The violence can watch e was taken on twenty nine September over on the thirteenth for May Nineteen Ninety seven twenty thousand government troops tried to open a supply line. Three Lt controlled Rhode founding but failed as violence continued in the North L.. T. T. E. suicide and time. Bombs exploded numerous times in popular city areas in public transport in the south of the country killing hundreds of civilians in January. Nineteen Ninety six the L.. T. T. E. carried out whatever's deadliest suicide bomb attacks at the Central Bank in Colombo killing ninety and injuring fourteen hundred in October. Nineteen ninety seven on the shrine in World Trade Center in January nineteen ninety eight detonated a truck on in candy damage. Orange in the temple of the tooth. When the holiest Buddhist shrine in the world in response to the bombing the shrine could government outlawed the Lt Dt and with some success press of governments around the world to do the same significantly interfering with the group's fundraising activities in nineteen ninety-seven heavy fighting around the Pasta and Edison past complex took lives to engine? Twenty ninety. Two Three Army troops on the twenty seven hundred September nineteen ninety eight the L. T. T. operation unceasing waves to after heavy fighting captured Within a battle Kimchi clashes around the LACI forward defence line claim the lives of two hundred one thousand two hundred six soldiers that year in March nineteen ninety nine in operation gossip. The government try uh-huh From the south on me needed to make some games on taking control of undecided on Madonna but could not dislodge the Lt from the region in September nineteen ninety nine t could fifty. Sinhalese civilians ends at Delilah the L. T. t. e. returned to the Fed sick with operation unceasing ways. Free on the second of November nineteen ninety nine near the old divinely rapidly. Fell back into L.. T. T. Hans. The group known seventeen successful attacks in the region culminating in the overrunning of the parathyroid chemicals. Factory based on the Caribbean Canidu- Kalim Kim face the death tells amounted to five hundred. Sixteen soldiers dead and over four thousand injured. The rebels also also advanced north towards the elephant. Pass Jaffna the Lt was successful in cutting all land supply lines of the shrine armed forces to the South West and north in the town of COMENICI in December. Nineteen ninety nine. The Lt attempted to assassinate President Chatter. Raca Komo Tunga in a suicide attack. Cre- election money she. She lost her run of injuries but was able to defeat the authorization leader in the presidential election and was re elected for a second second term in office on the twenty second of Eight Ball tweet thousand infant parliament complex which is separate Jaffna flinch shift from the Vanni mainland. Seventeen years fell to the hands of the AL T T leave in one thousand nine soldiers dead army that note operation operation. Acne Kenna to take back. The seven Jaffna pensioner consistent sustained losses exertion woolwich building as casualties mounted appear to be no end in sight by mid two thousand human rights scripts estimated estimated up more than one million people enshrined with internally displaced persons living in camps homeless struggling for survival as a result significant peace movements developed in the late nineteen nineties with many organizations hosted. Peace comes conferences training. Lean on peace mediations many of efforts to bridge the two sides at all levels as early as February two thousand Norway way was asked to mediate for both sides on internal international diplomatic moves began to find a negotiated settlement to the conflict hopes for peace gained ground as the l t t declared a unilateral ceasefire in December two thousand. But they can't so there on twenty four April two one Never offensive against the government. After Schiavo's area formerly controlled by the military and the L. T. t. e. fervor aligns northwards disavows moment pose a serious threat to the end of the past military complex. That house seventeen nineteen thousand children contracts in July two thousand one the L. T. T. e. A devastated suicide attack on by reconnect. International Apple destroyed aid to their forces. Planes dampening the comme may uncover Tourism Avital Foreign Exchange Earner for the government to plummet impacted. Attack was shots a year Economy they recorded For the first time and only since its independence towards the end of two thousand ars in one tyler the Lt began to clear the willingness to explore measures for peaceful settlement to the conflict. Would reason for this action may have been the fear of international pressure on the direct. US support shrinking government as off the war on terror on the other hand the covert operations the long range reconnaissance patrol that Al off pay. Sean can army a profound impact on the Thai command structure. Join this period Korea Gam Salon got a dish. Shaqra have been considered the right hand man of AL t t e lead. You'd partner Kara. In several of a high profile leaders were hunted down and killed by all at a p units in the south off. The government was facing increasing criticism over its will for peace strategy with peace nowhere in sight in Comey in tatters. After after losing no confidence motion President Komo Tenga was forced to Zalm call for fresh elections. The elections held on on the fifth of December two thousand one source sweeping victory for the United National Front led by Ranil with her mashing in campaigned on."