What was so big about movable type. Well movable type meant that each letter had its own little block and they could be arranged in any format that was needed to make any text. Prior to that, the entire page of text had to be carved in one single block of wood like an enormous stamp. Now, consider the amount of time it would take to carve one such block then multiply that by the number of pages in even the shortest book. Any printing press was an improvement over hand-lettered manuscripts but the Gutenberg press could print over two hundred pages per minute which gave the world what would be called the Gutenberg forty two line, Bible. Books and the ideas that they contained were no longer the exclusive purview of the very wealthy. Greater access to ideas and information was a causative force behind such things as the renaissance, the Protestant reformation and the industrial revolution. But Gutenberg did not create the first movable type press. A printing press with movable metal type was developed in Korea during the Goria Dynasty, which ran from eight nineteen to thirteen ninety, two in a desperate attempt to preserve religious texts in the face of a Mongol invasion. The effort was successful but only just barely. A single copy of a single volume of one book remains. It's called the G, which is the abbreviated title of a Korean Buddhist and policy whose title can be translated as in theology of great Buddhist priests Zen teachings. GDP is easier to say. The key is a collection of experts from the teachings of the most revered Buddhist monks throughout successive generations collated by a monk named Kyogon. It was published in two volumes in thirteen, seventy two though the first volume has been lost completely. Further weakening the Gutenberg was first position. The Korean press wasn't even the first press that had movable type. The earliest known non-metallic movable type press was developed in China in the tenth. Century. That press used clay blocks which would prove to be too fragile. Though, it was thought to have directly influenced the Korean. design. There's also evidence that Gutenberg's press may not be an example of simultaneous invention. A record in the Swiss Museum of paper indicates a papal delegation to `gorio brought printing technology back to Europe. Korea's claim to origination carries some serious bone fee days in the form of two thousand one edition to the memory of the world program by UNESCO the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. Three years later, the Jiechi memory of the world prize was created, which quote recognizes instiutions that have contributed to the preservation and accessibility of documentary heritage to safeguard against collective amnesia neglect the ravages of time and climate conditions and willful and deliberate destruction. If the listener would like to see the Jixian person they might want to bone up on their French. Rather than reposing rightfully in Korea, the G. has been kept in La Bibliotheque Nationale France in Paris. It was acquired under let's call them unclear circumstances by the first French Console to Korea and past Tula Bibliotheque upon his death. The consensus in Korea is unsurprisingly that they would like it to be returned that cultural artifacts belong in their country of origin. La Bibliotheque adamantly refuses arguing that the Jiechi is out of humanity's common heritage and therefore doesn't belong to anyone. Which raises the question at least in this reporters mind. If it belongs to everyone and therefore no one. What would it matter if they gave it back? On a brighter note, a wood carving print of the cheeky is currently kept in the National Library of Korea. Sometimes a person we remember as the first to do something wasn't preempted by someone else. They merely failed to complete the thing they're credited with. Such as the case with Ferdinand Magellan the name long attached to the first circumnavigation of the earth.