Yellowstone, Yellowstone National Park, Apple discussed on Parklandia
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It's An ecosystem that runs an energy from the sun a plant turn solar energy and to food for itself but then that plant is eaten by a cricket which is then eaten by a mouse which is then eaten by a snake which is then eaten by a hawk when the Huck dies its body provides food for bacteria and fungi which then in turn feeds plans. All of these animals represent what are called tropic levels what scientists now call links in the food chain and as representatives representatives of these trophic groups each other energy has passed all around the ecosystem. But what happens when one member of this food web. It's removed from the system. Yellowstone has has actually been ground zero for sort of unintentional experiment. Regarding what scientists I've come to refer to as trophic cascades and trophic cascades occur when predators editors hunting. Their prey keeps the number of prey animals. Down passing on the savings to the next trophic level. Whatever the prey animal eats then has a better shot at survival and on and on and on down the line right and in yellowstone what they did was they actually like reintroduced the Grey Wolves Wolves back India sewn and this is a perfect example of what we're talking about so in regards to walls like every wills are scary right like humans? I have never really liked them. which is kind of weird? Because they're the direct wild ancestors of Man's best friends domesticated dogs the fact that they're fast carnivorous her nevarez and they move around intimidating packs. I think plus the livestock they can eat like twenty pounds of meat in a single sitting. This is a this is what's lead. Humans is to create this like terrifying polity around wolves with things like Little Red Riding Hood Peter and the wolf the boy who cried wolf et Cetera et cetera historically gray wolves arranged around two thirds of the Modern Day United States home. But they've been driven out of most of it now They were hunted out of Yellowstone by Nineteen Twenty Ninety six. Yeah and then. In nineteen ninety-five however the park service released. Fourteen Grey Wolves from Canada into yellowstone after seventy years of wolf less ecosystem there. This decision of course was controversial in made a lot of humans mad but the ecological results were immediate and honestly pretty startling. In fact a lot of colleges think the wolves did in yellowstone was prevent elk and deer some of their favorite foods from eating all the plans especially near rivers. Yeah the wolves kept the deer out from denuding. The river valleys which promoted the growth of trees and the riparian areas. Riparian and meaning the special groups plants that grow in flood plains of rivers and streams. So this meant more beavers which are animals that creates special mini habitats for other animals. Like otters fish amphibians and so forth and more migratory birds visited as well. The wolves killed earned him the coyotes which meant they were then more rabbits and mice around with Third Hawks and other birds of prey to the area so huge facts and not only all that but it increased stabilization of the riverbanks near Narrow River channels. which makes more different kind of habitat in yellowstone as well so would have this huge ripple effect across pretty much every everything every animal every environment and the simple truth is that the effects the wolves took on yellowstone is complex? And this idea of trophic cascade being the saving grace of the park's ecosystem is a controversial one among scientists We basically can't replicate the study because there's not another yellowstone to replicate it and so we may never know exactly what effect wolves hat on yellowstone however it definitely taught us that the human mythology around wolves being Yvonne. Dangerous Villains lends deserving. Ratification is a very subjective. One right yeah. They can have a lot of benefits. Yeah I this is something. That is very complex and hard to kind of just dive into right because like they said you can't just replicated over and over again because even if you reintroduced wolves into Michigan I'm just using random place I mean. Yeah it's the ecosystem is so different. There and the cycle of life often the hunting cycles. They're so different that it would actually create a correct study. Yeah that's true but then when you also living about how like walls these two thirds of the US like they're clearly acclimated to a majority of this country and they they have every natural right to be there in a way so it's weird that suddenly humans are in this position where they're controlling it and dictating where wolves are relocated to. And then what what happens. So it's it's strange because like they were here before people were and I mean they've been gone out to do a reintroduced but they're different species of wolves. I think they're the closest to but you can't have the exact act if they didn't stay in that ecosystem right. I mean the same thing with the bison they were reintroduced into a national park this year. Oh Yeah Yeah. Which one was in that while they moved more bison to badlands released them? They're so like this isn't an entirely new concept. This has happened before yellowstone. This will happen in the future and other places so but that will have an impact on that national. Yeah and it sounds like it's going great and yellowstone so cute us to the offs. We did not see any walls in yellowstone. Regretfully I would love to. I know that That one takes a lot of pain. Definitely something I I would love to do is like just slow down a little bit because we normally like kind of go through national parks and try to get everything in and that's why we revisit national parks as well though because the the things that we miss but yellowstone is one of those national parks that we have both been to multiple times now for multiple days at a time. I mean I think we both have combined maybe twenty thirty days in that park and we still haven't even scratched the surface. Yeah the what is it. One percent of yellowstone. Oh stone is actually seem by the tourists that go there grunting percent so there's so much in that ecosystem that wildlife that diversity that we have to re-explore and that is why we're even continuing with the part two of yellowstone national a park later this season right. It won't be the next episode. So you're going to have to stay tuned you're going to have stand your toes and get ready for more and more of that beautiful. Oh beautiful place that yellowstone is yeah but of a cliffhanger but also the exciting thing too is. We'll be able to incorporate like R. V. experienced they are because now they're vesper in an RV. I visited so it's GonNa be fun to drugs. Lodges Hotels Yeah Inside the Park outside the park. Where do you WanNa stay day since both of our first trips were pretty? RV We're going to save RV segment for part two and since we we visited together we are in RV and experienced it from totally different perspective. Exactly so for that reason and a bunch of other things excited for party because this really is one of those enormous dynamic parks that feels completely fresh and new upon each visit. And it feels like you're visiting a different place when you're in an RV as well that's for sure so that'll be fun to talk about incorporate. Yeah for now though. We hope you have been inspired to visit or revisit. This ultimate National Park. It's a place. We have loved him an individually and together it's been inspiring and it's just put. I'm in complete shock. It's such a truly special place. Yeah it really is and just remember it could blow at any moment goodnight. You've been listening to Parkland. Yeah a show about National Parks Park land as through production of iheartradio. Created by. MAC KEROUAC Brad Care. Whack and Christopher has the eldest produced an edited by Mike. John's our executive producer. Christopher has Yoda's R. researcher is Justin Shield especial thanks goes out to Gabriel Collins Crystal waters and the rest of the parkway India crew. And Hey listeners. If you're enjoying the show leaves the review on Apple podcasts. It helps other people like you find our show. You can keep up with us on social media as well check out. Our photos from our travels travels on Instagram at Park. Alenia pod and join in on the conversation in our facebook group. Pack Landale Rangers from our podcast. My heart radio visit the iheartradio APP apple a podcast or wherever you listen to your favorite shows and as always thank you for listening.