Zemo Mobile, Steven Spielberg, Perkins discussed on Quarter Miles Travel With Annita
And at that point basically if you were blind and he wanted to lead a lot of stuff you had to know all these different systems because so many books would only be printed in one system. Not every system So you sort of. If you wanted to read the book you had to beat the system. It was ridden in and they're all a little bit different from bustling type is is Emboss letters if you've ever had an engraved invitation so the old fashioned engraving It's the same basic concept. You sort trust the paper on a metal plate that pushes the letters up It is very slow to beat Anytime hand In line type. Two people who are who are very skilled braille leaders. They give us such a look. It's so slow. It's so awkward. It's so tactile nearly complicated Under the fingers and yet for most of the nineteenth century In the us that was the system it was taught in schools The system that that was used perkins's called boston. My type was developed by zemo mobile. Hell and steven spielberg approaching engineer at the school. In the early years any more beautiful than the french version and there are days that isn't saying much and then people got really innovative and so they were trying all sorts of different systems for bail. You notice in the dots system which is much more easily discernible But there were a these three versions actively floating around in regular use. Oh english braille. Which is the the system eventually stuck with American braille which was developed by a teacher at perkins and uses the few stocks for the most common letters so theoretically it would be faster. Meet and right especially right. New york point which has a different system So so the bail that we settled on is two columns of three dots Vertically and and you do you use different combinations of those dots to indicate different letters or combinations of letters And then your point is two rows of dots and you might have up to six outs in a row. So that you you sort of each letter by letter. You're trying to figure out what's going on and it's not a standard shape necessarily and then there's a whole other complication things that people don't know about braille but if you haven't alabama quarter You can sort of begin to look at this There's a form called contracted braille so uncontracted braille use spell out every letter with its own tail cell so aig a is a selby's celsius cell with contracted braille. You can have one cell that stands in for multiple letters. So there's a cell troy end or the or i n g My favorite is that. If you just have a k by itself for the spacing inner side it stands for knowledge so they sort of went through and figured out words that people were going to use all the time and may contractions for those And so there's there's a two hundred sixty. I think contracts i might have that number wrong but hundreds and then there were other systems. That were were floating around. There's moon type which is my favorite of the systems which is sort of symbols roughly based on the alphabet shapes but not quite and their simplified and they're a little easier to read and that one has been very popular historically with people who become visually impaired as adults because they have thirty familiar with the shapes at that point. And it's a little easier to to make the transition but there's been a lot of conversation in the blindness community about making money or tactile tiles. They have been pristine for very long time to get tactile Bills in currency system some countries making a little easier. Some countries helps at a very distinct shapes for their coins. It's much easier to figure out what you're working with The us is not quite as specifically thinking about that piece. Historically there are many ministers about helen and her exceptional that she learned as a blind and deaf person but one thing that did cause a lot of people to question whether or not she was. Really blind really. Death is her time when she was a pilot in the story behind. That is fascinating. I a- susanna. If she was share that with us yes so the she was a pilot in the sense that the pilot that was flying plane made accommodations for her as they hopefully would any untrained pilot. That was flying with them The pilots sat next to helen and communicated instructions to her via polly who was serving her interpreter and the whole story was published in a nineteen forty-six newspaper article entitled wonderful helen. Keller fly flies a plane Which was digitized by the helen keller archive at the american foundation for the blind. And it explains how how. Helen sat next to the pilot and he he was actually flying the plane but she was sort of acting as a co-pilot looking at the article. It says that the plane crew were amazed at her sensitive touch on the controls the shaking or vibration and that she just sat and flew the plane calmly and steadily and that Her her response was it was wonderful to feel the delicate movement of the aircraft through the controls. Wow nurse of steel as a pilot impressive but also impressive is that she wrote books. She was an author and that again caused people to question her. But that did stop helen. She was determined and not only determine she was accepts. You know and successful as an author. Susanna tells us all about that. She was a prolific writer. She wrote a number of books and many many articles for magazines and other publications. Some of her best known books are obviously the story of my life. There was a second sort of volume of that. Midstream which is her biography of her adult life She wrote the world. I live in my religion and optimism. And she actually wrote.