Moritz Traber, United States, Los Angeles discussed on Tony and Dwight
Thank you. Sponsor. Yes, Thank you. Okay. So, of course, perhaps Obviously the idea of people who are not farmers by trade growing small, edible gardens at home to supplement the food they buy from people who are farmers. That's not new. That's not a new shiny idea. Germany, for example, started a movement of gardens for the poor. In the 18 sixties, the burgeoning industrialization and urbanization without the proper like agricultural infrastructure had created this, this lack of access to good fresh food in these growing urban areas. Um, these are still around today. They're sometimes called Schreiber Garden for physician Moritz Traber, who campaigned for them also sometimes called allotment gardens. Some of the first widespread urban gardening for sustenance movements in the United States, though, happened, starting in 18 93 with the coming of the panic, which was this massive Economic depression. Lots of folks, especially in big cities were unemployed and we're hungry. Over in Detroit, then Mayor Hayes in Ping Gry. Didn't look it up. But that's a great name. Hazan Pingree started what he called a potato patch program where in the city allocated vacant land, two families for growing food. Than three years, 1700 families have covered 400 acres with food gardens. It helped that a lot of the unemployed were recent immigrants who have been farmers over in central Europe. Other cities picked up the Detroit plan to like New York City and Philly. There were also school gardens that sprung up during the progressive era. That's 80 93 1920, though. Yeah, they really got started after the turn of the 20th century, And these were these thieves, gardening programs for urban kids. And these gardens were thought to build strong world character. Keep kids out of trouble. Improved health make areas more beautiful and also Americanized immigrants. In the US when we say Victory Garden what we typically are referring to what we're thinking of our public and private gardens planted during World War one and World War two. Some historian specifically pinpoint one businessman in particular, Charles a Land trip pack. Your portly got the idea before the war, suggesting it as a way to lessen stress on American food ways. After riots broke out in New York due to food shortages, Yeah, 1916 was ah, year of crop shortages around the world. And and so a lot of a lot of folks again, especially in urban areas were hurting. Once World War One was underway. Pack organized the National War Garden Commission, though they were not officially affiliated with the U. S government and the government was not a fan of this impact believe that media messaging was the way to accomplish more widespread gardening. He allegedly came up with the idea to call these gardens Victory Gardens himself. Yeah, And that was as the war was coming to an end. They were called War Gardens or Liberty Gardens through through the end of World War one. War garden sounds so much more intense garden Garden of War, tomato of blight. That's like what it is. Ah, I'm imagining to, uh How neighbors opposing neighbors comparing their gardens to throwing some shade like what you got growing over there. Either I know is popular in some games to garden competitively, so no sure. Yeah. More garden would really up to it if we called it that So these victory gardens went up everywhere. Churches, parks, playgrounds, backyards, as the name suggests, they served not only as a way to relieve stress put on the food supply, but as a way to rev up patriotism and support for the war effort. It was a way to make people at home feel like they were doing their part. Soldiers of the soil was a popular phrase. Mm hmm. People they really got into it. Yeah, yeah. President Woodrow Wilson appointed Herbert Hoover to head the U. S. Food Administration during World War one and this position made him responsible for exporting importing, purchasing and storing food. So in 1917 just after the U. S entered World War one. Whoever helped launch the U. S School Garden Army on a national program that lauded of God in for every child and every child in a garden, um and on And this is where that soldiers of the soil thing came in that this was marketing. To youth, encouraging them to grow their munitions plants there. Oh, my God. They're gardens everywhere, producing as much ammunition or food as possible. Like garden furrows were called trenches. It was a whole thing. Um and, uh It was successful. There were 1300 school Gardens just in Los Angeles. Wow, urban and suburban communities like Got into it. Some 2.5 million kids were involved all told. Saying, And it wasn't just kids. Some three million families planted food gardens in 1917, and that number rose to over five million by 1918 there there was just a lot of propaganda. Um, uh, tear in your reserves and preserves. Uh, every kitchen, a canning factory and Back up the cannon with a canner. Uh, yeah, yeah, I got an L O l o home. Production of food was worth some $525 million, though, So all of that good, good pun writing was come coming in handy. Well, it is so funny to me that and I'm not immune to it at all. You get a good name. You turn it into like a game for kids, which trenches and get your munitions play it. It's amazing to me how effective that is. Yeah, and yeah, and and on everyone, not just Children. Just Yeah, yeah. Like, Oh, munitions plants. That's clever. Get me the tomatoes. Yeah. Yeah, I would have been in there and through strong messaging. Do the American people around consuming last while producing more rations were pretty much avoided during World War one. This whole consume. Less idea was nicknamed who've arising And was promoted by entities like the National War Garden Commission. Said commission tried to keep the spirit alive. Postwar. One pamphlet from 1919 said Prevention of widespread starvation is the peace time obligation of the United States. The war garden of 1918 must become the victory Garden of 1919. But but farm production on D economy where we're pretty good for a couple years after, and so, so home gardening like this dropped off a bit. Rights. But then World War two was a different story because America was recovering from the Great Depression. Soon after the U. S joined World War two, the U. S Agriculture secretary started espousing the benefits of Victory Gardens, although there was some federal resistance to it at first, especially early days, like, um the thought being novice gardeners would waste valuable resource is However, people were so into they remembered war one. They remembered this call to participate and the interest was just there. People really, really wanted to do their part or feel like they were doing their part and Victory Gardens were part of that. And you know, as we set the messaging was so It works so well, remembered it. So even if you have government officials being like, actually don't do that. Well, yeah, but I remember what we once had my trenches and my munitions.