Listen: China, Brexit, United States discussed on BBC World Service
"Pilot and Claire McDonnell. We're going back to prison now and the looming prospect of Brexit, Prime Minister, Theresa may is making a last-ditch to tempt to persuade 'em piece of backup Brexit deal as tomorrow's key Commons vote approaches, she'll use a speech today to warn the parliament is more likely to block Brexit. Stan let the UK leave with no deal. Yeah. Now such are the warnings of economic and other disruptions, particularly in the case of a no deal Brexit, which simply means a cutting ties between the UK and the EU that someone has spotted what they think is a gap in the market emergency food storage UK selling you Brexit boxes, it'll allow you to stockpile food. They're not just a box. They come with stuff already in them. So they kind of pre stockpiled for emergency shortages. Here's the company owner James Blake. It's got a mixture of freeze dried food in tins and pockets as also go watch filter and a bottle of. Jail the food itself will last for twenty five years in the tens if you don't have to open them say if purchased it and everything goes, absolutely swimmingly for Brexit. And you don't actually have to use it. But it's perfectly finds a store for that for the next emergency, yum, yum, and you can use the Firelight adjourn presumably to burn your furniture, as we'll be necessary is they're actually really reason for concern over the food supply. Or is this scaremongering? That's the question we put to Tim Benton, Tim is an expert in food systems so delivery and supply at the university of Leeds the real issue. I think is our fresh food in general we have about ten days worth of food in the country, but that's much less with fresh food and for fruit and vegetables, the the about eighty percent of the food that we eat comes in through the borders, and you really can't stockpile fresh fade. So if there is a breakfast disruption because of knee border inspection posts. So whatever, then I think that's where most people will feel issues. But clearly, if something horrible horrible horrible goes wrong, then even in the dried food and canned food stuff, we still only have ten days worth. So, you know, there is potential in the extreme case of us all feeling the pinch. That's interesting. So cans are actually worth stockpiling. But there's there's nothing you can really do just give us an idea on fresh fruit. And so what what percentage of food does Britain actually, make how food insufficient is the UK. So in general where about half the food? We eat is imported that rises to about eighty percent of the food that we eat being imported for fresh fruit and vegetable and it's down to about twenty percent for lock stock products. So it depends on on on the food type, but the fresh fruit and vegetable because most of it two thirds of the eighty percent we import comes from Europe. And if we start having to put in. Checks at the borders for stuff coming from Europe. Then there's very easily without just in time food system, very easy for disruptions to grow and grow and grow. And then be very long. Accused the board apart pop points, and then not us not being able to find it in the supermarket. Have you been asked to sort of war game or muddle eventualities and saw with your expertise? Not not personally. But there have been a number of studies have been done in the last year or two and the government is quite convinced that the market will solve the issues, and that there is enough capacity across various ports, and that might be true on average over the next month little too, but on the day of Brexit and the week of Brexit as the disruption starts to happen. There is the potential for the worst case scenario to happen. And what is the worst case scenario because we've seen for example, the government already chartering boats and ferries to try to increase the capacity to get stuff across. But of course, if it's being held in customers in France, there won't be anything to put all the boats. That there is a risk of that. And that's certainly true for for some things like livestock product projects there has to be whole new regimes of inspection. But the real worst case scenario, I think is if something goes wrong and the borders get blocked, even if temporarily because they can't let the lorries through because they don't have the right piece of paperwork or software or something like that. Then are just in time food system. Right. Start to collapse. Because because there's twice you've used the no deals, you know, the the worst case scenario, very briefly is anyone in government doing anything to solve that eventuality. Or are. They just not bothering. No, there's a there's a real lot of thinking going on. But on the day. What will happen who will have responsibility for doing? What the details matter? And if we just don't get to the fleet rolling through the motorways, then it's the sort of thing that people could panic about and it's the panic that I think is more worrisome than the event itself. Tim benton. Warning, you not to panic and yes, he does. He says always keep full fridge. And he's got cans under his stance. We're going around his house his Matthew. Hello, good morning. Claire Andy Murray is on court at the Australian Open tennis, I date thereof and as we've been saying for the last couple of days, this potentially is his last professional tennis matches paying Roberto Battista got of Spain who is the twenty second seed, actually and Murray is three two up in the first set that is going on serve is he served I and made him work for it. But Murray is nothing if not a fighter, and so he will fight to keep you posted on all of fact later through the day here on the BBC sport today. Nine hundred thirty GMT John is now the men's night seed or the ousted Yelena Ostapenko the women's twenty-second seat. She has gone as well and plenty of reaction still to that victory for Manchester United against Tottenham Hotspur yesterday by goals. To nil at Wembley gavitt the keeper getting a huge amount of praise for a stellar performance. In the second half a half, which Maria poacher tina's was said was the best you've ever seen from his Spurs side. But I couldn't score against a, hey, a brilliant from him eleven saves in that half and United preserved their lead. So they're contenders. Once again, you think maybe not for the title, but certainly for the Champions League quite a turnaround so excited to watch what they're doing them. Thank you business. Now. Philip Hampshire's looking at China asking. If the economy is slowing lots of interesting economic numbers. They're always interesting, and they're not always six point seven percent. But often Philip tell us more for the timeshare. Yes. The Chinese economy has produced a lot of data this morning lot of it looks if he is well on joined live by Jillian Evans Pritchard who is senior China economist over capital economics in Singapore. Julian thank you for joining me. Let's start off with some of these numbers that have been coming out with regards to China's exports. If we take the whole of twenty thousand eighteen is a year, China's been exporting more. But in the last month, we had the biggest monthly fall in two years. So people are worried about China's economy. Yeah. So that the government is very keen to emphasize the annual figures for obvious reasons. The December figure it's really more interesting in terms of what happens next, and it paints a very different picture to what we have to start the year. When exports were growing at twenty percent year on year exports really slavery shops in December now contracting almost five percent year-on-year driven by by chief actors, really, that's the fact is Trump taps, which initially didn't have to negative in touch because US important that she stepped up their imports from China. A tough hike that was frightened to come into force started January, but it's now been delayed now the truth temporary truce between Trump the. Employ headed that hike. Come on. We're starting to see more of the the negative impacts from those times ever drag is just simply that the global economy seems to be slowing quite clear from global manufacturing pm is for example, that you know. Economy entered the year. Much weaker than the. Additional drag on Chinese trade very quickly. We've also had numbers out on Chinese investment in the United States slumped to a seven-year low down eighty four percent from its peak. What's happening there? Well, I think that that factors here as well. I mean, one is, you know, the the environment for Chinese investment in the US has become a lot less stressful. They've increased scrutiny a Chinese investment for national security reasons. But I think the other key reason is domestically China's made it much harder for companies to invest overseas. Particularly in developed markets like the US. And Europe, and you know, the initial motivation for those restrictions was air concerns about cast outside but actually comes out. So he's have been relatively under control recently. Instead, it's more of a question of China doesn't run a very large accounts efforts any more that needs to recycle has to choose outflows quite Cassidy chosen to get preferential treatment outflows investment for its belts and right project, which. Stay within Asia chosen to make life difficult for Chinese fans. Markets which I think in many ways, it's counterproductive because actually a lot of the visit of high knowledge high tech know-how that they want to acquire in the market, and they're making it very hard for found to quiet. Those ability Julian thank you very much for joining me today that was Jillian Evans Pritchard of capital economics in Singapore Hampshire, but the business thank you. It's Newsday from the BBC World Service, Lawrence Pollard and Claire McDonnell with you go to Indonesia, and our officials say they found the black box voice recorder from a line air flight which crashed into the sea of Takata in October all one hundred and eighty nine people on board died BBC correspondent in Jakarta is Rebecca Henchi, and I spoke to her earlier she explained to me what exactly had been found. This is what they've been looking for. I mean, there's been intense pressure on both the officials as well as Lionair itself from the families can to start their search again to find the second black box. The voice recorder. So Lionair themselves funded a very expensive search for ten days didn't find anything and just last week the government launched the second a search, and they say that they recovered it. There was a weak signal from the second black box. And they say they've now brought it ashore there is some concern about what sort of state. It will be in the ficials saying, it has obvious scratches on it. But they hope what it holds is the conversations the last conversations between the pilots in the cockpit and also conversations with the control room. And this crash was what's the world's first of a Boeing seven three seven. Max jets, a new aircraft? What what are the preliminary investigations all suspicions that behind this crash? Well, the early reports by Indonesia's transport safety their investigations are all pointing to technical issues with these almost brand new plane, and as you say a very nude model from a Boeing they've. Have looked at issues in Lyon, this budget airline in terms of maintenance and pilot training, quite quite damning reports there, but also looking at these Boeing's anti stole system, which is different in this model to previous planes that to the manufacturer has put out and also looking at a recently replaced sensor that the plane had because the plane on a previous flight from Bali Jakarta. They found had serious technical problems. They were in the log now lion. Air insist those problems were fixed before it took off again that the investigation is really focusing on the technical issues with the plane and some of the families of those who have died on that flight have launched legal action against Boeing for their concern over the maintenance of the type of the plane correspondent, Rebecca, hence key. Speaking to me from Jakarta at twenty four. Four minutes past the hour. Dylan's most famous songs? The hurricane has carries on for the next eight and a half minutes telling the story of the books are Rubin Carter the murders that he was accused of he spent nearly twenty years in jail. He was tried twice found. Guilty twice then released in what is an incredibly notable case."