Iraq, United States, Iran discussed on The World


From NPR news. This is all things considered. I'm Audie Cornish. And I'm Mary Louise Kelley to lessons now from the Iraq war, according to a long-awaited study of that war from the US army war college. It was commissioned by then army chief of staff general Ray, odierno six years ago back in two thousand thirteen and here's how the army times summed up the findings in a headline. Armies long-awaited. Iraq war study finds Iran was the only winner in a conflict that holds many lessons for future wars. Let's talk about some of those lessons. We're joined now by Colonel Frank sub Chuck now retired. He's one of two co editors of the study, and he joins me now. Colonel welcome. Thank you. It's a pleasure to be with you Mary. Louise, talk to me about that headline that Iran was the court only winner in the Iraq war. Do you agree? Yes. I do. I think that one of the reasons why in operation Desert Storm. The a decision was made not to go. All the way to Baghdad most just the geopolitical balance of having a rock as a bulwark or counterweight to Iran now with Iraq severely weakened and with elements of its political class supporters of Iran Iran is clearly in a much stronger situation juice strategically and I think we see that playing out through its expansionism and kind of adventurism occurring in Syria. Yemen and other locations. Your report also documents are US failure to adequately train Iraqi forces it documents, some of what happened after the US pulled back in two thousand eleven and of course, we then saw sectarian tensions deepened in the rise of ISIS. And it's very critical of some of the army's most senior officers, what has the reaction been like at the tactical level at our training centers. We do after action reviews after every single battle and so two degree. This is an academic after action review, and so while in some areas, it can be perceived as being overly critical from another perspective. It's the military reviewing itself to try to make sure that if this ever happens again that we are better prepared. Let me ask about a potentially delicate matter you had to deal with I mentioned general odierno commission. This report he wrote the foreword for it back when he first arrived in Iraq division commander. He was criticized as someone who maybe didn't get the whole hearts and minds things the importance of of winning the population over was that a challenge to navigate the man who commissioned it the man who wrote the forward to. It was also somebody you had to investigate issue poured back over those years. I don't think it was a large challenge because we were given so much freedom to study. What went right, and what went wrong, frankly, more went wrong than went right and leaving given guidance effectively that if you have to kill sacred cows kilson sacred cows because we need to learn from this how directly does your report criticize ham and other senior army officers. I think we were given a lot of lot. Feud to present mistakes that occurred, and we all I mean, I served in Iraq. As did every one of the other authors of the study. We all made mistakes, and we all have things that we can learn from. That's retired. Colonel Frank subject. He is one of the editors of an extensive new report from the US army war college on the war in Iraq, Colonel subject. Thanks very much. Thank you in Guatemala. There's been a wave of killings of indigenous leaders over the last year international human rights organizations have tried to raise the alarm, but in Guatemala itself. There's been little outrage and silence from most political leaders Maria Martin reports. Mondo the newscast on what the mullah's TV channel. We see on you. Let off its regional evening report this past summer with the murder of a twenty five year old indigenous rights activists in the western province of kitchen. Okay. The victim's father tells us that. A nurse by profession was kidnapped coming home two nights before her body was found covered by brush, showing signs of torture diploma. Was also a rising young issue. Maya political leader active in various, human rights, and political groups too many in the area. Her death was reminiscent of the mass of atrocities committed during the country's long civil war which ended a little over twenty years ago. Moreover, her death was not an isolated incident. According to the Washington office on that in America, twenty six indigenous human rights workers were assassinated in the last year, Guatemala is on them verge other major human rights catastrophe jewelry, Burt is the professor averge Mason University and a senior fellow at the Washington office on Latin America, she says what the mullahs is close to falling into the violence that gripped the country three decades ago of violence that the UN and what the courts say led to a genocide of the country's indigenous citizens, it's amazing to look at what's happening in the Malla. And literally feels like it's on the edge of the precipice. And just over that precipice. You're staring back at the nineteen seventies. You're staring at the massive violation of human rights. It's no surprise that. We see hundreds of tens of thousands of Guatemalans fleeing the country going into Mexico trying to get to the United States to flee a crunchy. That is in free fall what human rights ombudsman or that robots says the situation is troubling, especially because of what he calls a lack of concern on the part of what the Melissa Thorndike's panty loud. Laddy billions in Kentucky. Recuse base says the president and his interior secretary refused. Invitation to meet with leaders to discuss the escalating number of assassinations. Funai dynasty one. Feels a certain indignation that there's no public condemnation of these acts. I don't have much faith in this government. Hopefully, the Justice department will take action on these cases because it's like going back to a past. I thought we'd put behind us. The government didn't respond to multiple efforts seeking comment. What the modern society is deeply unequal indigenous Maya form at least forty percent of the population, but have little political representation and our last in terms of education and health. Half of the indigenous activists killed in the last year, including Mondo were members of an organization of mostly rural. Mayan farmers, which is trying to become a political force. I don't say this poses a threat to the power structure in what the mullahs anthropologist. It Melissa Velazquez says what the Milan has entered what she calls a new stage of repression all the majority at the county produce is control in a few hands. So they could try to talk about these type to change the situation. I for the reason they are confronted Lauer reparation Indiana's Jesus Velasquez indigenous people in what the Muller are now up against powerful business interests spent on acquiring resources in my in communities, these interests, she says are allied with the military backed government fighting reforms an anti-corruption efforts president Jimmy modalities just recently expelled, an international corruption commission, which had investigated him and many of his allies for NPR news. I'm Maria Martin. You're listening to all things considered from NPR news at the Detroit auto show this week. The big automakers are promoting trucks and SUV's once again the best selling vehicles in the US. There's also a new company knocking on the door riven which wants to be the first to sell an all electric pickup truck Ryan Dunham of member station. W G LT reports I'm writing in a golf cart around the massive auto plant in normal, Illinois, one hundred miles south west of Chicago. My tour guide is way Jensen he worked your three decades ago with Mitsubishi and Chrysler built cars here cranking out hundreds of thousands every year, but three years ago Mitsubishi shut it down and move production to Japan Jensen and twelve hundred others lost their jobs now, he's back is the engineering manager for electric automaker. Ribbons I assembly line the startup plans to hire thousand workers here in the next four years when you've done it for twenty eight years that your passion. I mean, it's it's what's in you. What's in your heart? It's your desire to have the opportunity to see this plant producing cars and putting them out the back door again. I was all in the man who's recycling. This plant is riven founder and CEO RJ Grinch a thirty six year old car geek with a PHD from MIT in mechanical engineering. He started work on a gas. Powered eco sports car ten years ago about the time when another ambitious entrepreneur Elon Musk and tesla started bringing electric cars into the mainstream. Here's screens on the sidelines of the recent Elliott, Osho, bitter and electric cars are boring and slow inflict out show. The electric cars can be exciting in certainly very quick musk is known for his bombast tweets that move stock prices and promotions like shooting a car into space screen spent the past few years doing the opposite stink quiet. Hiring auto industry. Veterans raising half billion dollars from Saudi Japanese conglomerates at the auto show ribian finally revealed its electric pickup SUV with a charging range of four hundred miles. He beat Detroit to the punch. That's the opportunity. We have is to show the world that this is a space that actually badly needs electrification electric could make those products better though, what they're gasoline counterparts have been ribian has only six hundred employees, so far design and engineering or done outside Detroit. And in the UK batteries and tech in California in about seventy people are getting the plant Illinois up and running starting a car company from scratch isn't easy. Just ask tesla. It's hemorrhaged money. Miss deadlines freaked out investors, and it's considered a success. Other startups haven't even made it to market one reason electric vehicles here still represent a tiny part of the market one percent of sales while they may be the future. Low gas prices are a challenge to electric vehicles. Especially for legacy automakers if that changes in few years and Ford finally puts an electric version of its best-selling F one fifty on the market ravine would be facing stiff competition industry watcher. Chelsea Sexton was at the Elliott Osho for Riviera's debut. We root for the startups. But a lot happens between concept and showroom and it's most vulnerable for the Europeans. High price tag trucks starting around seventy thousand dollars didn't scare off Ariel Fernandez from Florida he was among the first plop down a thousand bucks to preorder Arabian SUV. I'm willing to invest in this company, and basically put my trust in them that they're going to produce the vehicle and make me happy. When when I picked it up for nana's SUV, you'll be made here in Illinois. But that may not be it ravine. Also plans aside business selling its battery technology to other companies. So if electric trucks don't take off maybe battery powered tractors and jetskis will for NPR news. I'm Ryan denim in normal, Illinois. Washington Post reporter Jason resigned spent five hundred and forty four days imprisoned in Iran is new book prisoner describes the ordeal and how he was finally released. You can hear him tomorrow on morning edition. Askar smart speaker to play NPR.

Coming up next