Listen: Aids, NYU, HIV discussed on Probably Science
"Aglow six and seven childhood fevers that you don't really you know eight is Kaposi Sarcoma which is one of the markers of AIDS needs something that often is what do you call co Morbid with Physical Morbid with HIV report it were eight eight so few it's so if you are HIV positive and you suddenly start presenting with Posey's Oklahoma. That is a sign that you're that you're anti ritual. Your antiviral regime name is failing because maybe it's something that a lot of people would express if they had weakened yes so three so three has chickenpox yes so is an shingles. I was GONNA say the same thing so that was gonna be my question so that's why you Varicella Zoster V. so what into what is the sort of common physical structural physical thing the scientists know that like chickenpox and cold saws and so on are are part of the same thing animal so what's and Wilson. lets you know like whatever holes herpes oil. Well have have you is. This is also part of the same. Is it family or genus species so herpes herpes simplex herpes. Maybe maybe he's got a member. How old we all are hang on pulling it up for you okay so just because I don't want to get it wrong because we also did. HIV Chevy in my lab which also has a beautiful caps it so structure of herpes simplex virus is determined herpes generally is determined by its structures also got a specific genome is the genome is made up. You've got DNR RENEE IN A cell. Do you know about your nuclear clear tides and stuff like that so you can have single stranded. You can have double stranded which depends on whether you just have one side of the ladder or both sides of the ladder. If you've ever member double double helix it's like a twisted ladder and some viruses only have one half of the ladder rather than both houses and those are our viruses. I think you can get single stranded Adena. I think don't quote me on that right now. so herpes has an envelope on the outside which I have it has captured on the inside which is shaped like. I don't know it's sort of like I know how to explain the the shape over the radio. It's shaped like a pill but with corners so it's like a little tablet but you know so the the oblong shape of pill but with you know as if made out of metal sheeting like it was in Star Trek everyone kind of has their head of a virus having just like all these excuse ball thinks coming off you don't mean that like the no the caps is on the inside so it kind of it around the DNA so it's inside the envelope. Okay no the bit sticking out on the outside the envelope proteins that help it access to sell all right and goes in and attaches into and then there's different ways of entering a cell L. There's different ways of because of the way that the sell this sell well. Let's talk about animal cells. The basic structure of the animals that just clarifiers can only only enter sell if he's been invited in and it has no reflection yep go just checking yeah virus it. It'll totally be like I got a package. You know all right you know. Can I leave this. It's for your neighbor and you'll be like God livers. Never I never had China. Mi Leo Kidney has to do all work and so all the metaphors. What would we say so. What makes the structure of specifically herpes virus compared to a different type of virus? Okay well okay so it's going to be the types of proteins. You've got in the envelope. It's going to be whether it has an envelope. Were not it's going to be whether it has a captured or not which is which is the capsule that encapsulates the the DNA or the genome on the inside of the virus the shape of that what it's made of whether it exists or not the genome structure whether it's it's like I said segmented like a flu virus weather. It's double stranded single stranded ornate. DNA so all of these different things you probably seen Ebola looks like a key. Do you know when they show you. Pictures Live picture. It's a long thin thing is long thin rope that kind of twist. Swiss on itself and looks a little bit like a key. Oh yeah that does look familiar all sound familiar yeah. I think that's a Bola completely well. We're talking about the genome within a virus obviously that that conveys carries a lot of Information Matt. Wouldn't you say yeah well. This is if you're about the link to the the new great cool says plus calls that we both started on yet this really does and I it's pure hugh a challenge that this happened to be the week that we had rear on the show so we have a sponsor that we're we're big fans of school the grossest plus and for a subscription rate you get access to hundreds of thousands. Even I mean there have to be thousands of individual lectures within a course if not thousands of course a huge number of courses this is given by experts university level experts in all manner of subjects from both sides subjects in arts night. Call negotiating. I just look that up today. A nuclear energy pirate wars the human brain injury places higher orts hiring wars wars pirate ors and I was like what a whole course course how they row built at war all the metals pirates from that's true oh yeah it's hard to distill a pirate. If I'm honest Solorio pronounced or it's the are in the cyber wars there were tons of pirate wars. You know during all of the aid I thought maybe pirate wars would imply see I got to go to the great courses plus dot com slash probably to get a thirty day free trials looking watch the pirate wars. I would assume it's a bunch of like little individual battles because there aren't pirate armies right. Everyone's a one man show with piracy aren't they. Haven't you seen pirates of the Caribbean aren't they. Ah Don't they are aren't they. They're separate ship. That's battling other existing. Would there be seventeen pirates of the Caribbean movies if that's all there was a cool part three cool enough it just one ship over all those movies like it's turning into fast and furious implant. Here's another one up too big of a society doesn't that go against some of the sort of like Lone Lone Lone Wolf. I think it's a chicken and egg. Are they making them walk the plank and the needing more pirates or are there so many pirates at they're making some walk the plank very good question. How are we going to learn this again. The Great Courses Kill it could learn all this. We are currently and Eli both currently we were just on the science of information information which takes you through the abstraction of what information even is through the computer age but it also talks about and I just I listen to a bit on what I was flip switching between listening to it as a podcast while I was driving in and watching it on my computer when I got home and then we watched TV when she got yeah but we were talking about how DNA is a information in a self replicating foam information and the science credible. That's why viruses so mazing because at the base of all life is A. DNA is is a genome that has the code to everything. That's your library. Three and a virus is just a traveling library. which very doctor who I met DNA is is a piece of information that tells the DOC has the information to create a new person contained within which is the DNA to make another new person yes but not the indentical new person? If we're talking people yes right right and I'm I'm just getting to grips with that answer. This new calls we've had listeners email and telling how much they're enjoying this sponsor. We're very happy to have them. It's very cool deal like I say you have access to so many possible all lectures given by top professionals who have been chosen not just for their expertise but for their ability to communicate ideas clearly and they are up to undergraduate level courses you can use it if you are yourself in academia. I want to refresh some knowledge or approach it from a different angle. T- electricity or you can just dabble in it. If it's something you wanted to learn about either scientific or historical geographical whatever you want to cover and again again these are taught at a college level like we were just watching this information science information today they were going through logic gates the second episode which is very similar to what we would have done in like the second collector of a computer engineering class. I took in college and it's also great cause you can skip Bradley things. You've already learned and you want to go to a certain thing. That's yeah you can double back and once again you have access to the one scripture and right to all of the causes so you can either do a deep dive in something or you can dabble and that subscription rate for the first month month is zero. If you use all code the sun very good doesn't it the great courses plus dot com slash. Probably you will get a free month. There's no reason not to check it out so do that. I'm doing that. I'm going to do that so slash probably Yup. I mean you get a free month's. It works it works on your phone works on your small. TV WHAT COMPUTER I've started watching introduction wines. I really because I was always mad. I missed that class in college. That was like the hardest one to get into because you can only take it once you turn twenty one obviously and you drank in in class so it was like five minutes within the window opening for that class it would fill up and I forgot to get online fast enough. When you had this little like briefcase you brought to class with you. Had Your own little cups and you sample winds throughout and lots of friends. I went to school but I have friends who said that it lived only class from their Cornell Undergrad days that they used in their life is his introduction to imagine yeah but you can watch the one class request cornell now but some people I went to folks court said that was the only thing they use my mom went to Nyu. That's also very good the name of the rivers at Lake. I can't remember. Yes yes part of the finger lakes good or would you say awful smell. You can say corn okay there. It is who has that has the animosity towards them that you learned that they went to Nyu. I didn't know that was a rival of ours. I don't I don't know that they don't rival everyone. If I'm honest but it was wrong she sang to me as a child and I've never been a it should go to medical school. No my mother was a physicist so my medical degree was grossly disappointing to go. I'm just fascinated because we're two hundred miles away like Ethica. GEICO is."