Kelly, Mussolini, World War Two discussed on Dressed: The History of Fashion

Automatic TRANSCRIPT

In fact very intimately intertwined. Today we go back in time to a period of history to look at fashion interest during the first two decades of the twentieth centuries of the period between world war one and world war two in italy and we are so pleased that dr eugenia polish halley joins us today to discuss her book fashion under fascism beyond the black shirt doctor pal. Kelly is a professor of italian comparative literature and women's studies at both queen's college and the graduate center of the city of new york where she also is the founder and coordinator of the concentration in fashion studies for the kuni graduate program. Dr paul so much joining us today. Dr pal thank you so much for joining us today on dressed discuss your really amazing book. Fashion under fascism beyond the black shirt so before we delve into some of these fashioned aspects of our discussion today. I'm hoping that you might give some context for our listeners. About broadly speaking. what exactly is fascism. Thank you a bill for guy inviting me to this conversation. Delighted to be here with you So to responsive question. Fascism rules than ideology authoritarian ideology in movement. I started in italy in nineteen fifteen sold. The war was an important component. That had a great impact on the formation of this fast. She's at of combat. This was the beginning get Ninety nine teen. Mussolini was of course the head of fascism became the dude shape so he founded the national fascist party so started initially but then spread all over europe the end in the united states. Actually we need to remember that so it was a became. A talented now regime are despotic. Nationalism racism in realism These were kind of key words of back weekend. Del the enjoy the while we discuss the new multifaceted in complexity of fascism in order to contextualize this we need to understand. Also the situation in italy at the time because in the beginning of the twentieth century italy a went through great sons formations in terms of modernisation industrial puddles at the same time. A huge immigration The great period from second half of nineteen send in the beginning. Many talents came to the united states. Actually one of the countries of the immigration There was a lot of poverty in the south too big divide between north and south so the north was leading industrialized. Italy was a concentrated who's unified as a nation state only in eighteen sixty started the process of unification they went unrest from mma workers in union sir movement in the feminists the feminist movement. Also italy had a lot of this sub rallies political address strikes especially in the north industrialized a north. So then we also had the same time we think of nineteen o nine of the first manifesto of future is a full. We had that at the beginning of the twentieth century was quite amazing. In terms of contrast political undress The beginning of Self awareness From the the more workers have a faculty councils. We have the factory milan. You know the fear that The only the this factor in very important the textile industry in the komo area and so forth lockdown act isn't so but they was all this political. You know i'm dressed so mussolini and fascist there were violent okay against the last against communism. Think nineteen seventy in the soviet. You know we had the first communist revolution so it was really a timer. Betty conflicts an important. I think that's only really world history of course and still mussalini grew that uses violence and violence was always pasta. Fascism in the right. They burn workers unions place books. You know there was a lot of of all these very violent and also the idea of war. Permanent war was an important principle of fascism. That stayed for the regime. The regime stopped it. So we'll cellini was then elected after the macho roma dating twenty to end started in nineteen fifty Cellini was first voted in the parliament. In the beginning of the partner mentally we had different parties today. Even the communists in the socialist to the public through many different parties but in one thousand nine hundred ninety four there was a drastic change in net Became a despotic regime. Totalitarian because one socialist representative giacomo del. The In the parliament denounced the mussolini and the fascist the national fascist party to have rigged the election so he was then kidnapped mussalini older. These kidnapping was killed. Found a few months later killed And then all the anti-fascist fascist in both anti-fascists were either killed or putting prisons and from then on old political parties. Where are not legal anymore. So only one pasta. And that's what fascism is about. Is one party to the asian. Yeah oh my gosh. Thank you if that was an amazing description for any of our listeners. Who might not be familiar with. Fascism in general or just like that very precise couple decades of time in italy so we are of course here today to talk about fashion in the intersection of fascism. And and you know in your book that you say. I'm quoting you. My focus here is to show how fashion the renaissance became. I sancha hottest as well as a political and state affair the via the cemetery laws and literature on appearance clothes and fashion in a way that was entirely similar to how the fact was named dedicated. Great energy to regulating the way. Italians express themselves in dress in both private and.

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