Jane, Nora, Jenny Caplan discussed on Encyclopedia Womannica
Created in alignment with the nonprofit girls who code. The IQ and gender equality ETF, ticker EQ UL or equal. Seeks to benefit both your portfolio's potential and our world. It's part of IQ dual impact ETFs, and their mission to do more. Make an impact, visit EQ UL, ETF dot com. Refer to the episode show notes for important information about the fund. And read the prospectus carefully before investing. Hello. From wonder media network, I'm Jenny caplan, and this is a manica. This month, we're talking about troublemakers and villains. We're covering stories from across a spectrum, from women who made good trouble to women who thrived in illicit industries, to villains in the truest sense of the word. Today we're talking about a villain. If you're listening with children, you may want to sit this one out. This woman was responsible for at least 31 deaths throughout her career as a nurse. Despite the string of fatalities that followed in her wake, she was regarded as a bright and promising caretaker. That is, until her crimes caught up to her. We're talking about jolly Jane toppin. Jane was born honora Nora Kelly in Boston around 1857. She was the youngest of three daughters born to two Irish immigrants. Nora's mother died of tuberculosis when Nora was just a few years old. Nora's father was abusive and was prone to periods of heavy drinking. By 1860, Nora and one of her sisters were sent to Boston female asylum. There was little to no state support for children at that point, so it was the closest thing available akin to an orphanage. Nora left at the age of 8 to work as an indentured servant to a widow named Anne toppin. It was at the top in house that Nora became Jane. And disliked the Irish, so she changed the Irish honora to Jane and told all guests that Jane was Italian. She raised Jane alongside her daughter, Elizabeth, but never officially adopted Jane. As a member of the top and family, Jane attended school, she didn't make many friends. She often lied and told on her classmates, despite the fact that she herself was suspected of petty theft and spreading gossip about kids she didn't like. On her 18th birthday, Jane was freed from her indentured servitude and was given $50. Still, she remained a worker in the top and House for another decade. And passed away in the 1870s and Elizabeth was married a few years later. According to some sources, Jane may have been engaged at one point, but her fiance left her for someone else. In 1887, in her early 30s, Jane decided to embark on a career. She enrolled at the nursing school at Cambridge hospital. She worked 12 hours a day, 7 days a week. She presented herself to other nurses and patients with a kind and vibrant disposition. It was there that she earned the nickname, jolly Jane. Jane was heading down a dark path. Years later, investigators would uncover the Jane's fascination with murder began during her years in nursing school. She may have deliberately falsified records and in some cases, even distributed incorrect medication to her favorite patients in order to make them stay longer at the hospital. She dosed patients with just enough poison to harm them. And then, nursed them back to hell. An alarming number of elderly patients died in her care. By her own count, she may have killed up to a dozen people by poison. By the time she finished her training, Jane was on her way to securing a job at the Massachusetts general hospital. But her time there was cut short after she was suspected of petty robbery and negligence. When she left, she did so without a nursing license. Still, over the next 8 years, Jane became one of the most successful private nurses in Boston. All while continuing to commit murder. Jane killed patients, and she also killed others. Sometimes, for personal reasons. In 1899, she went on holiday and invited her foster sister Elizabeth to join her in a small cottage. Elizabeth died of a mysterious apoplectic stroke, caused by genes poison a few days later. Jane also killed her own gain. In 1900, a friend of hers named Myra, suddenly died of peritonitis. At the funeral, Jane proudly told others she owed it to Myra to take over her job, which included an apartment and a regular paycheck. Jane quickly lost the job and returned to the small cottage she'd vacationed in after killing Elizabeth. When Jane didn't have the money to pay for rent, she poisoned the landlord's wife. Then, Jane moved in with the now widowed and elderly landlord Alden Davis to care for him. Within weeks, he was dead, along with his sister and two of his daughters. The death of an entire family in the span of a month was notable enough to alert authorities. The remaining members of the Davis family ordered a toxicology report, and by October 29th, 1901, Jane was arrested for murder. Chains arrest caused a media frenzy. She was a rare case, a female serial killer. Soon, paper started analyzing her from her breakfast tablets to her time at Boston female asylum. After her trial, the New York journal published what they called Jane's confession. Though it's unconfirmed whether or not she wrote it. In and out of court. Jane's sanity became the subject of conversation. She insisted on her sanity, saying she could not be insane because she knew while committing the murders that they were wrong. Nevertheless, on June 23rd, 1902, Jane was found not guilty by reason of insanity, and was committed for life in the Taunton insane hospital. Though she was a favorite patient at the beginning of her stay, Jane soon grew paranoid. Ironically, it said she refused to eat food because she thought it was poisoned. Jane passed away in 1938, at the age of 81. All month, we're talking about troublemakers and villains. Special thanks to the blues Kaplan,.