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Difficult to patrol he said it was warning people to stay away from during a three decade conflict known as the troubles there was basically a war fought over that border he had the IRA the Irish Republican Army which is a paramilitary organization fighting to a race the border to kick the British out of Ireland once and for all and actually re unify as thirty two counties and then you had loyalist groups which are loyal to the British crown fighting to preserve the identity of Northern Ireland as part of the U. K. the British Army the police in Northern Ireland and it was a long and bloody conflict in which thirty six hundred people died but the conflict ended in nineteen ninety eight with the Good Friday agreement the two prime ministers emerged just before six this evening to inaugurate the historic agreements they hope will usher in a new era for the island and what happened was that that reporter that source of tension this place where there were gun turrets and guys with guns you would check your vehicle as you're passing through and check your papers it seemed to just melt away an agreement that unites loyalist and Republican unionist and nationalist leaders in a wide ranging historical record until twenty sixteen the British people have voted to leave the European Union and that will when voters in the United Kingdom voted for brexit the question of the border suddenly became very fraught because when the U. K. lease the E. U. and Ireland stays in the E. U. than not soft border between Ireland and Northern Ireland could suddenly change dramatically it would have to have customs checkpoints immigration checkpoints it becomes a hard border basically patrolled by authorities on by sites and that would immediately threaten the peace that's mostly held on the island for twenty years now it's a very complex border eight is at three hundred miles long a the border weaves in and I wish of villages around villages in and I was of farm land and an in and I was through locks to lakes rivers and and and it divides communities as well Simon cars well it is public affairs editor at The Irish Times and the former US correspondent for The Irish Times and an old friend of mine he has been covering brexit like many journalists in England and Ireland but doing so from an interesting vantage point that might have planned for importing around brexit was always going to be around people it was all about her who are the people affected by bruxism and what's going to mean for them in their daily lives what Simon has been doing is traveling around the border in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland and talking to regular people and trying to find out how the changes that may come with brexit will affect their lives when it comes to brexit breaks is all about change and the place that it was going to be changed most is along the only land border with the United Kingdom and that's in Ireland let's go back to your childhood where did you grow up I grew up and I grew up in a number different places we moved around quite a bit I grew up and actually spend as first years my life in Dublin before we moved to Virginia and had a cat and not far from the border and if they're so that was seven always in the Republic always in the Republic but my parents were from Belfast so we would have experience of crossing the border several times a year to go see my grandmother in Northern Ireland to see my relatives and tell me about that what was the border like back then during the troubles my earliest memories of the border was we across at the main road and from Dublin to Belfast at near Newry for a long period of time it was a customs border where you're I might be stopped so my memory of crossing was late at night often we will cross had going up there for a long weekend and it was dark and we kind of quite eerie when you and when you across the border and you'd see in the shadows at the edge of the road you'd see soldiers British Army soldiers crouched down holding guns and making sure a dash all of the traffic coming through is a threat there and we just M. prime fraction meeting in case something happened so then nineteen ninety eight you get the Good Friday agreement which is this landmark peace deal which ands this grinding three decade war really you know for it for the sake of contrast tell me about crossing the border today crossing the border today you wouldn't even know you've crossed the border it was very clear when you go and visit these communities is they don't actually S. they don't think there's a border there at all because for the past twenty odd years it's been invisible so they go about their business crossing the border overnight over back again over the course of the day and many occasions when you talk to people they don't know how many times they crossed the border in a day and they may be if they're not even thinking about it no they're not even thinking about it there are no signs that there's nobody stopping you so really makes no difference at all because there is to all intents purposes this invisible border I'm gonna play a clip actually of some some school kids that you visited with in a town called cross my gland which is just off the border in Northern Ireland and had been a real flash point during the troubles so one half of my has is on the Republic of Ireland on the other side of my house is on Northern Ireland which part of the island is the one I live in isolated in Northern Ireland but my leg living room would be in the Republic of there can you just tell me a bit about the school and that that conversation how you came to meet those kids and how they're thinking about all this I went to Saint Patrick's Catholic prime Mister Adam and his crew in Crossmaglen which about three kilometers across the border in south Armagh Northern Ireland this was a school that was frequently in a caught in the crossfire literally caught in the crossfire where in an IRA attack on the very famous British Army barracks in Crossmaglen right the town to the IRA and I are unit would open fire on the barracks soldiers British soldiers would fire back in the schools cost in the crossfire and the principal of the school pointed a very is bricks in the wall of the school that face the barracks he points at those the bricks and needed to be places around the bullet striking striking the Willian fights so the kids all had these stories where they add ons room pools or their parents add that they had crunched under tables when bullets are coming and across and hitting the school and they were very fearful that this is what brexit might lead to borrow money like she wonders there when she was younger and she told me that when she was there she had begun to table she saw the ball fly across on a one day tape windows these are children who have grown up after the Good Friday agreement their whole lives have have happened during peacetime but there it sounds like they're very aware of the fragility of that piece they're extremely aware of this they're aware of why they didn't live through is through the stories of their that their families have told the ash this was a bad time and that they don't want to return to a and you also went out and spoke up with with truck drivers who who actually do criss cross the border every day bringing goods back and forth this ties is even going to and from work every day you know a across the border the hard border you know it's just it's just the just isn't going to work like you have the idea walk you know its it's one small country I don't even think the politicians know that much you know judging by what's been said what's been told nobody really knows what's going to happen.

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