Kaija, Kenneth Carpenter, Utah State University Eastern Prehistoric Museum discussed on BrainStuff

BrainStuff
|

Automatic TRANSCRIPT

Of iheartradio. Hey brain stuff lauren. Volvo bomb here. Godzilla has remarkable staying power movies about giant monsters. Were a dime. A dozen back in the nineteen fifties while atomic age classics like the giant claw or the beast from twenty thousand fathoms never garnered any sith bowls. Godzilla forged on the kaija made his cinematic debut in nineteen fifty four and since then he starred in more than thirty films spanning six and a half decades with his newest debut in march of two thousand twenty one. the character's origin story keeps getting rewritten. He's usually said to be an irradiated beast of prehistoric origins but the specifics vary from movie to movie. One thing that's remained consistent however is godzillas physical toughness onscreen. The behemoth is practically invincible. But have you ever wondered how or if a beast with godzillas dimensions would function in real life. And what kind of animal would godzilla be anyway. A for the article is episode is based on how stuff works spoke with kenneth carpenter now a retired paleontologist who was director of the utah state university eastern prehistoric museum when how stuff works spoke with him by email in two thousand nineteen he took a stab at that second question and in nineteen ninety eight essay that he wrote for the official godzilla compendium traditionally the monster has been identified as a theropod. Dinosaur all carnivorous dino's like for example. Tyrannosaurus rex are classified as theropods. Sewer birds now. Godzillas skull looks short and blunt for a theropod. He also tends to be depicted with four fingers per hand and he's got multiple. Rows of bony vertically oriented plates running down his back entail using these features carpenter tentatively assigned godzilla to surata. Soria a primitive theropod subgroup. A few surata sorry ines had backs light godzillas studded with osteo durham's that is bony deposits embedded in the skin 'em certain species had shortened skulls to boot and there was another key feature that helped the surat saurian stand out a carpenter explained that while some theropods had three two or even one fingered four limbs. The more primitive subgroups like the stratus orients had four or more digits per hand. How stuff works also spoke by email with victoria arbor. An armored dinosaur expert. Who's the curator of paleontology at the royal british columbia museum in two thousand fourteen blog. Post arbor made the case that the king of the monsters might not be a dinosaur at all. Maybe he's got more in common with crocodiles crocs alligators and their prehistoric kin form a reptilian khlaid called the students. Sukey ann arbor noted that osteo terms and four fingered hands are more commonly seen in sukey ins than they are in theropods so perhaps godzilla belongs to the former group speaking of digits. Let's check out godzillas feet in most of the original japanese movies. The big guy has a plan to grade stance that means he walks flat on his feet like humans conversely digital great animals such as dogs a walk on their toes while keeping their heels off the ground no known dinosaur theropod or otherwise was similarly flat-footed arbor said living crocodile. More are planned to grade but the jury is still out on whether or not all sued a soup. Kitchens were planned to grade. Especially those that were bipedal however for the two thousand fourteen american made movie. Attila's feet underwent a dramatic redesign arbor. Said i think you could make the argument that godzilla. Twenty fourteen has tortoise like feet and many tortoises are also digital grade in a manner similar to elephants with a large he'll pad supporting upright toes. She also pointed out that while. Quote almost all bipedal. Dinosaurs only had three weight-bearing digits per foot. This version of godzilla keeps quote at least four toes on the ground. Truly huge land animals such as the long next dinosaurs have column shaped digit grade feet. Those limbs are really efficient at supporting massive body weights. And so if godzilla was a real creature with probably expect him to have digital grade hind limbs. Even though two seventeen study claimed plant degrade animals can swing their arms more forcefully in combat and godzilla. Sure loves combat. But it's doubtful. The godzilla could physically walk on dry land. No matter what his feet looked like how stuff works also spoke by email with paleontologist. Donald henderson he said getting godzilla stand upright and still would be complete non-starter its bones would not be able to support its body weight and its heart would be unable to pump blood to the head. This is mostly due to what's called the square cube law a when you scale an object up. Its mass increases more sharply than its surface area. Double height weight and length of a wooden cube. And you'll also have made the thing eight times heavier than it was before. But how would godzilla. Fair underwater henderson works at canada's royal tyrrell museum and tackles physics related questions about extinct animals in two thousand eighteen. He used computer modeling to test the hypothesis that spinosaurus a theropod with a large sale on its back was built for swimming. He found that the deep overall body shape of this fin-back animal would have made the dinosaur prone to tipping over as it swam so would godzillas osteo. Germs put him at the same risk. Henderson doesn't think so. But his calculations the back plates on stegosaurus jurassic herb before who influenced godzillas design only represented seventeen percent of that. Dinosaurs overall body mass. Meanwhile godzillas plates appear to make up and even smaller fraction of the kaige's total mass musso henderson's suspects. They wouldn't cause him to tip over during swimming. Still as a marine animal. Godzilla would face plenty of other problems. Seagoing creatures tend to be streamlined with his jagged. Osteo durham's and chunky legs. Godzilla is anything but therefore hid need to expend lots of extra energy in order to propel himself. Through the water. Anderson explained the best option for godzilla to swim would be to unbelie. Its body entail to produce waves the travel down the body. A think of how. Crocodiles and salamanders swim when they want to move quickly. They fold their arms and legs close to the body and use sideways motions. Push back against the water and get a forward pressed by the way. The semi aquatic behavior was and still is widespread among the pseudo soup. Kitchens on the other hand. There's no proof that any non bird theropod was habitually amphibious yet. Some of them did take the occasional dip in utah. There's a series of one hundred ninety million year old tracks made by theropods who's toes barely scraped the ground as they swam along for his part carpenter disagrees. The sukey an identity argument since theropods could clearly swim. He thinks godzillas seagoing ways don't preclude the monster from being a bona fide dinosaur. Furthermore as we've seen the kaija does share a lot of traits with surround historians. If he's not a member of that group and his ancestors probably evolved all of those features independently. This scenario is certainly plausible. It's a phenomenon called convergent evolution but carpenter thinks similarities. Between godzilla and theropod dino's are probably too numerous to be coincidental. A carpenter said we already know the doctor. Yami a character from the nineteen fifty. Four.

Coming up next