Olympic National Park, Desert Death Valley National Park, Death Valley discussed on Parklandia
Hi I'm Matt and I'm Brad. This is Park Land Area and today we're talking with our researcher Jacqueline Shields about ecology. So right before the break you asked us what to elements Dr Ecology you left. Us dumped because we're trying to retain this and really really packed in well. I mean they give you a hint and they bet you're gonNA guess what they are like the next fifteen seconds. Oh perfect. Let's take a really extreme place leg. The Mojave Desert Death Valley National Park is have you ever driven through Death Valley Driven to Death Valley but my pre deployment training took place in twenty nine palms and California also known as the stumps. Oh well what do you think of when you think of twenty nine palms or Death Valley National Park Hot exactly? You basically just cracked half the college so temperature right Because animals and plant have biological requirements mostly having to do with enzymes that act as catalysts that their bodies were never underestimate the power of chemistry. Y'All these enzymes only work within a set range of temperatures so the chemical reactions that make an American pike as bodywork crap out like when the temperature gets above seventy degrees Fahrenheit Other animals like grizzly bears in yellowstone. Don't have internal chemistry that functions. That will in the cold so the pack on the pounds during the summer to insulate them and then they find a nice warm place to hibernate over the winter So you'll notice that most of the biodiversity in the world so by divers means that most of the different types of living things on this planet and live in one place which is the tropical places on the equator. And that's because the tropic. Stay Nice and warm. It's a good temperature for most plant. An animal enzymes to function. Well what do you think the other element that drives an ecosystem is well if we're talking about a desert like death valley which is really hot but it's also really dry that's exactly right? Water and temperature are the two main things that decide what type of ecosystem is going to be in a particular place So the water situation also has to do with chemistry actually because plants are at the base of basically every food chain on the entire planet and because plants require both sunlight and water to foot a synthesize. That's where they make their own food. Exactly see I paid attention in school. Yeah I mean animals need water to make ATP and so do plants Atp is a enzyme found in all living things that carries energy around on ourselves so biomass with very little water like the Desert and the Tundra. The plants will be smaller and fewer and farther between And as a result so well the animals so what about Mike Rainforest type environments like Olympic National Park? Well Olympic national park has a temperate rainforest. So you're going to have like lower temperatures than you would like an Amazon rainforest. Amazon is real warm and Olympic National Park has like a whole like plenty of water so a lot of animals plants and fungi. Kinds of things are going to want to live there. But not quite as many as like around the Equator Gajah There's not enough room in the tropical rainforest for all the animals and plants to their so organisms. Adapt to the place where there's some space open and the crazy thing about this planet is. There's literally something living in almost every nook and cranny on this planet I think that there's one place that there was a paper. That just came out. That there is a geothermal spring in Ethiopia that they couldn't find anything not even little extrema file microorganisms If you think about the way that our planet life on the planet evolves like it was a pretty crappy place to live for a really long time so you know like things are good at living all sorts of places like even in yellowstone those like crazy in that crazy volcanic environment is just like seeing. That are living everywhere. Yeah well that's crazy And speaking of you'll notice when you look at a globe that three fourths of the planet is covered with salty. Water Do you really don't WanNa live there. But some things do Since water availability is an issue and ocean marine bio GMS differ and things like temperature pressure oxygen content late availability. All kinds of things like that But waters generally a problem for them while so basically that's ecology insert shrugging Emoji for me. That's a lot to go for. I mean that was just like go. Knowledge and excitement Yeah for sure. We went over so many amazing lessons. Psychology one yeah. This is just the beginning. You've been listening to park. Land a show about National Parks Park Land East and production of iheartradio created by Matt Carroll. Wak Brad Care. Wack and Christopher has Yoda's produced and edited by Mike John. Our executive producer is Christopher. Has He Otis. Our researcher is Justin Shields Especial. Thanks goes out to Gabriel Collins Crystal waters and the rest of the Parkway India crew. And Hey listeners. If you're enjoying this show leave us a review on Apple podcasts? It helps other people like you find our show. You can keep up with us on social media as well. Check out our photos for travels on Instagram at Park. Alenia pod and join in on the conversation and our FACEBOOK GROUP. Park Rangers from our podcast. My heart radio. Visit the iheartradio APP apple podcasts. Or wherever you listen to your favorite shows and as always thank you for listening.