Marie Batna Baldwin, United States, Washington College Of Law discussed on Flash Forward

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Just for a different reason while there are lots of stereotypes about native people as uncivilized or barbarous ariss. There are some positive stereotypes as well. This is sort of the the noble savage stereotype. which is that native? Eight women had power in their societies right that there were native nations that were matriarchal and they offer kind of an example of how how women can be in charge of things so it's like a positive example so for that big nineteen thirteen parade. That I mentioned the organizers asked one native American woman in particular to participate someone asks Marie Batna Baldwin. She'll create a float that represents native women. Marie bought no Baldwin a native American woman who has part Turtle Mountain Chippewa and part French and Baldwin comes to Washington. DC in the eighteen nineties with her father who is the attorney for the Turtle Mountain Chippewa so she watches him constantly. Negotiate the tribes treaties with the US government and eventually Baldwin herself becomes a lawyer. Royer she enrolls in a school called The Washington College of Law which was founded by feminists to train female lawyers who were excluded from all other law schools right. They wouldn't accept them because they were women and ultimately Baldwin gets really involved in protecting tribal able nations in the US and in the fight for suffrage for women and so in nineteen thirteen she gets asked to create a float for native women in this big important suffrage parade showing how great native people are respecting women and Baldwin. Says nope sorry. I'm going to march with the lawyers from the Washington College of Law and Baldwin claims that the reason she doesn't Organiz her own float this native women float that they asked her for is that she's too busy eighty which is probably true but Kathleen thinks there was another reason. I also think she deliberately chose to March there rather than Dressed up as rate what Americans imagined Indian women should look like which was in Buckskin beads and that kind of trapped in the past asked image and she rejects that and and really presents herself as this modern woman a lawyer. She's one of the first female lawyers in the nation. Let alone uh-huh. She's the first woman trained lawyer even without afloat her presence at the parade marching with her fellow lawyers. It makes the news She gets national press coverage and like Mabel Lee and some of these other women she uses that platform to talk about the issues that native women cared about how and this was true of each of these women. They used their platform as suffer just to not just push for the vote for women but to also bring attention to the issues news that mattered to them and to push for their visions of the future whether that was about racism or tribal sovereignty or Chinese politics and the other interesting thing about about these women is that in many cases they kind of predicted that they might be written out of history books. This history really matters and we know this history in many any cases because the women that I'm writing about made sure to write it down. They made sure we knew. Some of this and Carrie Williams Clifford is the best example of this when she marches in the nineteen thirteen suffrage parade. She knows that white newspapers never write about black women's participation in these things they get erased so she makes sure she writes an article for the crisis magazine. That says the black women were there and that we participated. She says we participated in this great national March and she actually names them by name to really kind of write them into the record so that that would be there for future historians. We we talked about this a little bit last week about how the writing of history matters and how remembering who did what and who pushed for these big social changes it matters and the sad thing is that despite these efforts in many places the legacy of these women has been forgotten while at the same time. The power of these voting blocks has increased exponentially next year. There will be a presidential election in the United States and many experts. Believe that the votes of women of Color and particularly black doc women and Latino women could make or break who wins and yet the women of color who fought for the right to vote in the first place are largely league forgotten looking forward into the future. I think we need to do a better job of making sure that history and that future incorporates the concerns of all of those communities even though the Nineteenth Amendment passed in nineteen twenty some of these women would never actually really got the right to vote me. Belief for example was never allowed to become citizen so she never got to vote. Native American women weren't allowed to become citizens and therefore therefore weren't allowed to vote until nineteen twenty four and too many black women in the United States quickly found that while the law technically said that they could vote. There were all all kinds of racist campaigns to stop them that went on for decades and even today there are so policies and campaigns to keep certain communities of color from voting. Okay so that is the first big nineteen nineteen event the second big nineteen nineteen event that I was going to include in this. Episode is prohibition on January Sixteenth Nineteen nineteen a handful of states ratified the eighteenth amendment pushing it past that thirty six state threshold from nineteen twenty to nineteen thirty three. The United States was technically dry. Now you have probably heard about prohibition and its impacts. You've probably heard about the gangs that took over the alcohol trade and about bootlegging and the species. But what you might not know. Is that the war on alcohol. Served as a blueprint blueprint for later political operations like the war on drugs the war on crime and the war on terror. Today's crisis of mass incarceration can can trace of its DNA to prohibition and if you want to hear about that you can on this week's bonus episode which you didn't get I becoming a patron at patriae triage dot com slash flash forward. I was going to include it in this episode. But we don't have. I had already way too much in here. So go to patriach dot com slash flash forward POD and become a patron and you. You can hear all about that on the bonus episode this week for now. We're GONNA take a quick break by gown all five dollars all day was making you ask the Donald Canola Cola. No more saying need by all rolled arrived arrive at Monte Harrison. The fee every Sunday towel dries win the down vote by a woman fed. Drive you three does just stop and think he goes. Okay so wait suffer just score a big win in nineteen nineteen but that's summer was also a really dark period for black Americans. Historians call the summer of Nineteen nineteen the red summer because there were at least thirty eight different incidents in which black residents were targeted and attacked by white people across the country in places like Georgia South Carolina Texas and Arizona and perhaps the most famous of these is the Chicago Riot.

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