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Automatic TRANSCRIPT

It is that I actually cut the town's food subsidies to help pay for this fifty million dollar complex so now is really just a monument to the local governments disregard for its citizens. And that's kind of a bummer. But you know I I don't WanNa dwell on all these neglectful politicians or even the alien invasions as weird as that story was and I. I feel like we should talk about a few stories. That are little more upbeat. What do you think I'm for for? I A quick break from from the new this time tomorrow podcast available now on the iheartradio APP. Or wherever you get your podcasts. Join us as we explore a future full of possibilities in the age of five G.. I dream will be that as the technology is better with five G. THE NBA on in the future east to actually transmitted. What they asked us are looking Through the helmets and they will be following an astronaut's as they step into the surface of the moon. So imagine what it will be. I mean just think of it for a minute. We will be there with this time. Tomorrow is presented by t mobile for business today. T. Mobile is leading the five G.. Charged with thirty billion dollars invested in an advanced network designed to deliver the breadth of mobility. We need businesses changing. Learn more at T. mobile for business. Dot Com. Hey this just in. It's officially fall. Means a lot of things to a lot of different people changing colors time to break out the pumpkins break out the football most most importantly break out my friends at truly hard seltzer truly has only one hundred calories but as five percent ab in only one gram of sugar per container. It's that can't miss drink of the seasons of pickup and try really hard seltzer today. Truly Drake what you truly want. What okay well so chess may not be your best? Oh first stemming off this alien invasion but the game still has a whole lot going for it like plenty of studies of show that playing chess can improve your focus. It can help you. Hone your decision making skills. Then of course it's a great way to strengthen your memory especially if you play it blindfolded I before we get to the mental benefits. Let's talk about some of the more surprising things we found out about the game. And maybe we'd never noticed before you know. One thing that stood out to me is how resilient the game is like it stands up to scrutiny more than just about any other game out there are people over. The years have tried to solve chess for for decades and decades but the game always seems to allude them. I mean there's always another move. You never considered a new way to win or even lose at chess and remember. That's true even after we built computers specifically designed to decode the game and released select the best possible move for millions and millions of different scenarios. Isn't he's not exactly what it means to salt chest like if we're able to compute every possible sequence of moves and counter moves and all these different forms of match can take then. Isn't the game effectively solved. That's actually the thing because even if you had the most powerful computer in the world it still wouldn't be able to calculate all the unique games that could be played late and this just seems unimaginable but the possibilities just scale up way too quickly so for example after both players have moved one time in a game of chess there are four hundred possible board setups but after the second of the turns the number of possible game shoots up to just under two hundred thousand now after three moves there are one hundred. Twenty one million possible outcomes and so on and so on until you get to the current best estimate for the total possible number of chess games which is a staggering ten to the one hundred and twentieth power so to put that number in perspective just a little bit. There was a great breakdown on that I've found from popular science. And here's what it says. There are only ten to the fifteenth. Total hairs on all the human heads in the world tend to the twenty-third grains of sand on earth and about ten to the eighty first atoms in the universe. Typical Chess Games is many times as great as all those numbers multiplied together an impressive feat for thirty two wooden pieces lined up on a board. That is unbelievable. You know when you look back at the kind of like endless complexity of the game you know I. It's really no wonder it gives our brains such a workout and actually read the study from a while back that found that experts who play chess actually used both sides of the brain. Well solving chess problems and not just the analytical right side. Oh well but this only happens in. I'm I'm guessing like really experienced players. That's right it's the researchers gathered eight international chess players and then eight novice players and they took. FM is brain scans while the subjects work their way through two different tasks and I identified geometrical shapes and then they had to determine whether or not the pieces on the chessboard. Were in a check situation. And the result from these tests tests were really unexpected. Because they showed that while the novice players had only used the left side of the brain to process this task the expert players had used both sides of the brain so this the lead researcher explained quote. Once the usual brain structures were engaged the experts utilized additional complementary structures in the other half to execute processes in perilla Carollo. Wow so did this dual processing improve the experts performance at all yet it actually made them much quicker at solving chess problems than novices. Where but it is is worth noting that the parallel processing only occurred during the chest problems and not during that geometry tasks so it really seems like all the extra practice that the experts had given their brains was was this nice boost but only when it came to chess? You know. It's interesting to hear that because I was actually reading about how playing a lot of chess can actually be a detriment to player sometimes sometimes rather than being beneficial to them and has on. What's because of something called the Einstein effect which scientific American describes as the brain's Raines tendency to stick with solutions? It already knows rather than look for potentially superior ones so scientists researching this effect really love using chess. Players says subjects. And that's because they provide a really clear way to see the effect inaction so as an example of this. Some studies present master chess players where the chessboard that has due to possible solutions. You've got this well known maneuver. That can win the game in five moves and a less common but actually much faster three step solution so the players were told to win the match in as few moves as possible but once they had spotted this familiar five step strategy they actually seemed unable to recognize the much quicker solution. And it wasn't that three step move was really obscure or anything like that but because those same players were actually presented with a similar setup for the three step move was the only way to win and then in that scenario the players recognize the strategy right away so in that first experiment it really was the Einstein long effect effect at work. And you know the players weren't able to see any of the other options because they have this cognitive bias for the move. They knew best really fascinating but I also like that even chessmaster can learn something to do better the next time around because like there are that many possibilities like I should think that's why so many schools invest in their own. Chess programs. I it's one of those rare hobbies that I can boost your cognitive ability while also teaching these coping skills like how to win or lose gracefully. Although I do have to say the one time my son got hit at school. It was in his first grade chess club and he came home with dirt on his face. And I was like Henry. How how that happened and he kinda gleefully said Oh? I took the second graders queen so so he kicked me in the face. Seems like he was okay with that he'd rather win. And there are so many places. He says where they're teaching. It really young kids like in Armenia. For instance chess is actually a required subject for every kid who's six years older and that's kind of awesome either even though it probably means the poor math teachers wound up pulling double duty and teaching chess as well right. Yeah but I have a feeling. It's worth it to them anyway. Because Armenian teacher explain chess trains seems logical thinking it teaches how to make decisions. Trains Memories Strengthens Willpower motivates children to win and teaches them how to deal with defeat. It's the only only school subject that can do all of this. I really love that idea. Well how about we knock out this fact off and then get Tristan. Show some of his opening moves. He's been perfecting.