"Ladies and gentlemen we have a deal what exactly the. US MCA is going to be from American public media. This is marketplace in Los Angeles. I'm Kai Ryssdal is Tuesday today. The tenth of December is always to have you along everybody. This was quite a day I mean yes sure that other story very big news but to those for whom the economy is our concern also so big. After a couple of days rumors house. Democrats announce this morning they have come to terms with the trump administration on the new NAFTA The US Mexico Canada agreement by name. It's been a bit more than a year since the deal was originally signed so on the theory that perhaps the details have faded from memory. Marketplace's Merrill Sagarra has this refresher fresher one of the long standing. Criticisms of NAFTA is that destroyed a lot of US manufacturing jobs. The treaty allowed Mexico to export products to the US. duty-free but wages are lower in Mexico. Doug Irwin teaches economics at Dartmouth college or what happened after that allow. US companies moved their assembly implants to Mexico so if you lost assembly jobs the original version of the US MCA tried to address that problem. It required Mexico to protect workers right to unionize and to increase wages for at least some Mexican Auto Workers Democrats wanted more than that. One thing was for Mexico to promise that conditions would improve establish Florida's messy as teaches government at Cornell but another thing was for those conditions to truly improve for the government to monitor conditions in factories. To make sure that whatever new regulations were in place would also be enforced. He says Democrats proposed that the US should be allowed to send inspectors turn into Mexican factories. Mexico said no but in this new version of the deal Mexico did agree to allow panel of experts to make sure it's following the rules. It's not clear exactly how that will work. You know it'll be interesting to see what exactly under which conditions these panels can be convened and who brings these cases another sticking point for Democrats the original deal would have given pharmaceutical companies ten years to exclusively make certain kinds of drugs. Christopher Sands is a senior research professor at Johns Hopkins so it means ten years in which generic copies cannot be made of drug. I think a lot of Democrats. The House saw this as really over the top especially since drug prices have been on the rise that part of the US is gone. Now and Democrats have also added some environmental rules. I'm Maryelle Cigar for marketplace. Honestly the first thing. I thought of this morning when I heard the news was apple's specifically glee Washington state apples from the Yakima Valley. My first reaction was a little bit of relief. Mostly that seems like we've cleared that a hurdle. That's Patrick. Smith are apple in hops farmer up in the North West the hurdle of course being no free trade agreement with Canada and Mexico his two biggest export markets for the apple industry here in Washington state. It was tens of millions of dollars of exports that were lost in the twenty eighteen crop. Not only because of the possibility of no more Nafta but also because of retaliatory tariffs from Canada and Mexico that sent his exports down thirty percent last year. Getting a deal. That would kind of clear all that out of the way and go back to some sort of stated normalcy is is really good the thing for us a state of normalcy under the US MCA no tariffs on his apple. Exports to Mexico and Canada. Just like under NAFTA but we're not making any big decisions really on the basis of US MCA or anything. We're still kind of in wait and see mode in cautiously optimistic for For improvements in in trade relations Patrick Smith up at the family farm loftus ranches in Washington. State still going. Maybe a couple of months before this thing is done by the way. See also that other big story in the news today that sucking all the air out of Washington"