ins. Deep in the back of your mind, you've always had the feeling that there's something strange about reality. Well, there is high on Robert lamp, and I'm Joe McCormick and with a host of the science podcast stuff to blow your mind. What's it like to be possessed by funk? How did Neanderthals faint? Here's what we stand fourth scientific skepticism, open-minded curiosity and a love of the weird because the world is weird weirder than we imagine it and will never understand it unless we're willing to go down down to that place where intuitions fail, could you created God inside a computer is the present moment actually exist. Unstoppable your mind. We put science on a collision course with philosophy, history, religion, mythology, and the worst space where Wolf movies of all time. We examined neurological quandries cosmic mysteries, evolutionary marbles and our trans human future all in order to decipher the nature of our reality and expand the mind. Subscribed to the stuff to blow your mind podcast, wherever you get your podcasts and learn more at Steph, double your mind dot com. We should point out that even though this was a defined writing system, There were variations on the alphabet in different finishing Colleen's Cyprus Venetian, Sir Ninian and the Punuch in Nieto Punuch us, which is the cursive version of Punuch Persians founding Carthage. The 'Carthage versions of the alphabets continued to be used until about the third century C, E and with the development of this new written Alphabet also came new ways of writing. So it kind of canalised a whole new age of communication. Uh, wax tablets came into being where they could, um, imprint letters into the wax pens Inc. papyrus parchment eventually paper kind of all came from this development. So it was a very rapid growth element in the world of communication in three thirty two B C, E Alexander the Great put Venetia under Greek control. And then in one forty six B, C, E, Rome, demolished, Carthage after pursuing Hannibal there after the second Punic War and. What was left of Venetia became part of the Roman empire. And ironically, very few instances of Fanie Shen writings actually remain The papyrus that they often Road on. And some of those early forms of paper has really not survive terribly well. What we know mostly is from other cultures writing about how awesome the Finnish inns were and about their alphabet in its development. Um, the oldest surviving Venetian writing example, which we briefly mentioned earlier is in Biblo in its on the sarcophagus of King a high riamh and it's dated at approximately twelve hundred B C E. And most of what we know, like I said, his actually come from the ratings of the Greeks. So even though the Finnish ins have kind of there's still a little bit of a shroud of, uh, lack of information around them from them. Other cultures wrote about them enough that we know about them. Yes, really cool said Now if you're stuck in spaceship Earth, you'll know thank the finish in He, that to them of the way that the duty. Dench says that is so charming that I will never ever forget it pretty awesome because they duty Ditches. Awesome. Yeah, She has prior to her, It was Walter Cronkite that near He did that ride, But uh, than the updated it a few years back. She took it over and did a beautiful job. Thank you so much for joining us for this Saturday classic since this is out of the archive, If you heard an email address or a Facebook URL or something similar during the course of the show that may be obsolete now. So here's our current contact information. We are at history Podcasts at how stuff works dot com, and then we're at missed in history all over social media. That is our name on Facebook, Twitter, tumbler, Pinterest, and Instagram. Thanks again for listening. For more on this and thousands of other topics, Visit, how stuff works dot com. Hi, this is John Rorick from the rock band the long winter. But I'm Ken Jennings from the syndicated reseal jeopardy. We have a podcast called omnibus- It's a time capsule of our era, And we put a new entry in the ground every Tuesday and Thursday. Listen on Apple podcast or wherever you get your podcasts and subscribe to never miss a single episode.