Sony, Friedrich Schiller, Herbert Von Karajan discussed on Everything Everywhere Daily
You don't know anything about classical music you've probably heard at least parts of beethoven's ninth symphony even if you didn't know it. It's one of the most famous pieces of music in history and widely considered to be the greatest if not the greatest symphony orchestras considerate. The good china that you bring out for special occasions. They'll often play it for the opening and finale of their seasons. It's played during the olympic ceremonies. And on new year's eve it's been used as the national anthem for countries television commercials and was played when the berlin wall came down the story of the ninth symphony. And how this work came to be is one. That is highly improbable. When he was twenty six years old. Beethoven began to experience hearing loss in his letters. From that time period he had reports of ringing in his ears in eighteen. O one at the age of thirty one. It's estimated that he already lost sixty percent of his hearing at the age of forty six in eighteen. Sixteen he was already completely. Deaf was a particularly cruel affliction for a musician and a composer by the time the eighteen twenty s rolled around beethoven was already famous and successful. He had written eight anthony's one opera and many other pieces for solo and smaller groups. At this point he had already composed the vast majority of the musical works. He would write in his lifetime much of his time during his late. Forties and early fifties. We're spent dealing with family matters. Which in many respects was him sticking his nose into the affairs of his brother's nephew when it wasn't warranted in eighteen seventeen. He received a commission to compose a symphony for the philharmonic. Society of london. He basically did nothing with the symphony for five years or at least he didn't put anything to paper. One thing which beethoven had always wanted to do was to put his favorite poem to music undestroyed which is written by friedrich schiller in english. It's called the ode to joy. The joy is in german and it was written to be a him to the brotherhood of man. Even though he couldn't hear beethoven could still hear music in his head over his career he had written many smaller pieces with various themes which never left him. They were all still floating around inside of him in eighteen twenty two. He began formerly working on the composition. He knew that this was going to be the cumulation of his life's work. This was going to be his masterpiece in eighteen twenty four. He was ready for the premier while the symphony was commissioned by the philharmonic society of london. Beethoven wanted to premiere the symphony in berlin. He felt that. Vienna had become too enamored with italian composers such as rossini however. His friends managed to draft a petition which was signed by other high profile members of the viennese music community. This convinced beethoven to keep the location of the premiere in vienna. The connor tore theater was chosen as the location for the premiere it had been twelve years since beethoven was last onstage and many people wanted to see what the maestro hadn't store the performance required the largest orchestra which beethoven had ever assembled. They had both the house orchestra for the theater. The viennese musical society and many other esteem soloists in the city. Who all wanted to take part in the performance however the thing that set this symphony apart and the thing which had never been done before was the addition of acquire prior to this performance. Choir had never been used with a symphony. This may not seem like a big deal. Now but at the time it was revolutionary. And it's for this reason that the ninth symphony is often called the chorale. Legit holds at the combined orchestra rehearsed twice before the performance. The quality of the premier probably wasn't anywhere near as good as modern performances of the ninth. Beethoven insisted on being stage even though it was officially conducted by michael whom lov the problem was beethoven's inability to hear made it impossible for him to properly keep time ohio knowing. This was going to be a problem told the orchestra beforehand to ignore beethoven interest focused on himself. The house was packed. Save for the emperor's imperial box in many of the other boxes of the nobility. They had already left the city for the summer. The concert open with the viennese. Premiere of beethoven's missus alumnus which had been performed a month earlier in saint petersburg as well as his concentration of the house overture. However the real reason everyone was there was for the main event. Beethoven's ninth symphony during the symphony itself. The crowd was very loud several times. A police had to quiet people down however when it was over the crowd went nuts. There was a rousing standing ovation. However beethoven didn't know it he couldn't hear them clapping one of the vocal soloists. Carolina unger reportedly had to turn beethoven around so he could acknowledge the crowd. The crowd gave beethoven five standing ovations and for each one. They waved handkerchiefs and hats. In their hands knowing that he couldn't hear them music critics almost instantly and unanimously. Felt that this was one of beethoven's greatest works if not his greatest however there was some dissension regarding the fourth movement which was the chorale. Many of critics couldn't get their heads around a choir and an orchestra together. Whoever such complaints were minor and very short lived. The symphony went under premier in berlin london. And the rest of the world. Beethoven died without ever completing another symphony. He was working on his tenth symphony when he died but he hadn't gotten very far over time. The symphony developed a legendary status famed conductors. Such as richard wagner gustav mahler leonard bernstein and herbert von karajan all headed nine symphony as one of their favorite pieces to conduct the symphony's fourth movement. The oh joy became the national anthems for several countries. It was the national anthem. For rhodesia from nineteen seventy four thousand nine hundred seventy nine when east and west germany had a unified team at the olympics from nineteen fifty six to nineteen sixty eight. They use the oh dejoy as their anthem at medal ceremonies in one thousand. Nine seventy two. The music without lyrics was adopted as the anthem of europe. And in one thousand nine hundred five. It was adopted as the anthem for the european union. It has become a tradition for many orchestras to play. Beethoven's ninth symphony on new year's eve. The tradition has taken hold in japan where there are over fifty performances that take place every new year's eve. The peace has become known as the diko. Which is the japanese word for ninth. The tradition took hold from german prisoners of war during world war one. Who would perform it. The japanese national broadcasting company. Nhk began performing at the nineteen twenty s and through world war. Two on the radio. Some of the dike performances in japan have lotteries for people to take part in the choir. They actually pay money for a lottery ticket so they can take part in their performance and some performances have as many as ten thousand people in the choir most of the japanese performances start at eleven pm december. Thirty first so they will hit the fourth movement. Right around midnight these mega performances are often held in arenas were half of the people in. Attendance are performing after beethoven completed nine symphony. There developed something among composers known as the curse of the ninth. It's a superstition that holds that a ninth symphony will be a composer. Last schubert divorce ralph vaughan. Williams and moller all died before they could compose their tenth symphony. American composer. Philip glass actually released his tenth symphony before his ninth. Just to avoid the curse of the ninth. There are of course many composers that have written well more than nine symphonies but the superstition still exists. There's one final story but the ninth symphony which deserves addressing the role of beethoven's ninth symphony in the creation of the compact disc in the early nineteen eighties. Sony and philips had both developed digital storage formats. Which could be read by lasers however there formats had some serious differences. They came together to try to hammer out a standard that both companies could agree on the key. Point of contention was the size of the disc mainly if it should be eleven point five centimetres diameter or twelve centimeters the defining piece of music which was used to determine. The length of a cd was beethoven's ninth symphony. The longest version of the symphony. They could find was seventy four minutes. So seventy four minutes became the standard for the compact disc supposedly. It was the wife of sony ceo. A morita was a strong advocate of getting the entire ninth symphony on a single disc. I had heard the store years ago. And i also heard that. It was an urban legend however in researching the story. There's actually.