Avoiding war in the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict

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It wherever you listen to podcasts. The Armenia Azerbaijan fighting could spiral into a larger regional conflict by Ian Bremmer. Intense fighting has erupted nagorno-karabakh a small enclave in the southern Caucasus mountains setting the entire region on edge. This is a fight primarily between Armenia and Azerbaijan two former Soviet republics with long-held grievances over land. The volve of Russia Turkey and others raises the stakes for where a war might be headed. An essence, this is a story of a powerful. Changing history by drawing arbitrary lines on a map that would later spark conflict. The states of Armenia and Azerbaijan were pulled into Moscow or and became part of the Soviet Union in the nineteen twenties though nagorno-karabakh, a mountain region about the size of Delaware was dominated by Armenians. Matt makers made it part of the Jani Soviet republic for decades are Mian complaints about the region's status were ignored and in the final days of the USSR war erupted tens of thousands were killed and more than one million were forced from their homes. A Russian brokered system in nineteen, ninety, four left nagorno-karabakh as part of Azerbaijan but ethnic Armenians with backing from the Armenian government drove most Azerbaijanis from the territory and declared it an independent republic. Low level fighting has continued over the years and an eruption of violence in two thousand, sixteen killed at least two hundred people. There is no peace treaty and nothing has been resolved. In recent years, the governments of Armenia and Azerbaijan have sent positive signals. Her budget president and Armenia's prime minister opened the first ever military hotline between the two countries and twenty eighteen and talks brokered by Russia France and the United States. Produced a joint statement and Twenty nineteen that appeared to set the stage for a treaty. But momentum was lost and an eruption of fighting this summer led to popular demand in both countries for a military reckoning. The likely never know who fired the shot that ignited these latest clashes, but dozens of soldiers and some civilians have been killed Armenia and Azerbaijan have each declared martial law outsiders are scrambling to put out the fire UN secretary general, Antonio Terrace as called for a ceasefire. The web of foreign ties in this story is complicated Turkey's president wretched type air to on eager for an opportunity to boost his popularity and shift. The subject from his country's struggling economy fully backs is fellow Turkic Muslims in Azerbaijan while others call for talks air to one insists that Azerbaijan must take matters into its own hands to Armenia occupation of the disputed region. Vladimir Putin's Russia has maintained relations with Azerbaijan and sold weapons to both countries but Russia has a military base in Armenia and is bound by treaty to defend Armenia in war. This means that as in Syria and in Libya is ongoing civil war Russia and NATO member Turkey have A. Interests here Iran which borders both Armenia and as her Badgen has offered to mediate politically active ethnic Armenian populations in both. France and the United States bring those governments into the push for negotiations. Adding to the sense of urgency to halt the fighting nagorno-karabakh is a corridor for pipelines that transport oil and gas from the Caspian. Sea to the international marketplace. If the current clashes explode into full blown war, the damage could be much greater than in the nineteen nineties. This war would be waged with twenty first century, heavy weapons provided by Russia and Turkey. Air To

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