Is Sugar Bad For You?
Without further ado, I'm going to bring in our guest today. She is our registered Dietitian joining us on the show again is Debbie James how're you doing debbie I am grand. Thank you very much. All right. Good. Thanks for joining us on the phone here. So I guess right off the bat will jump into it. The big one that people ask is sugar bad for you. Is it bad? Loaded question. I like to give you the loaded one's. GonNa break it down. I'm going to say sugar naturally present in foods is usually fine but the over consumption of added sugar that linked to cardiovascular disease and obesity and cholesterol of not to mention inflammation oxidative stress. So those types of conditions are what added sugar is related to as far as the research goes Particularly, you know pretty vascular disease and it's really oftentimes the higher percentage of calories from added sugar. It's not just that you had them at how much that you had or that the sweet and beverages like seven servings or more per week. That are linked with the mortality from cardiovascular disease. So it matters when we're talking about what kind of sugar and how much right. So you could say excess sugar is bad for you. Can you say that we're yeah, you can say that but natural sugar. So I don't think that there are too many people that have just had an overabundance of raw fruit. that. Were hard pressed because you're getting the antioxidants and you're getting fiber and you're you get all those other things that are beneficial right? Right. The kind of bounce it out and it's probably hard to eat so much food that you would like just way go in excess of your sugar needs. It is so low in calories. Oh my gosh. I went to get like a smoothie. One of the you know maybe places in it a sixteen ounce smoothie had three hundred, sixty calories mike well, definitely not going to be sitting down eating eight apple. You know if I were to just turn to some raw fruit and sit down and chew, it's Never I. It's just not gonna add up that. Much right. Right. So are there are there are there different types of sugars though I there's like the wall stuff you get out of fruits and vegetables but is there you know like what's the additive the different ones? Are there different types early, those are those are like big picture group, their sugars I'm going to narrow it down and get a little. So chemically speaking sugar is either just one like ring of carbohydrate called a Amano ride or sugar also refers to some are two of linked together called a Diet Thac. Hope I hope our listeners at home or taking notes. Okay. We're be a quiz at the end for sure. It only makes little difference because let's say that that glucose blood sugar okay. Brick brick toast is fruit. Sugar. But sucrose table sugar the white crystalline stuff on your table it made of Glucose and fructose. The competent. Okay. That's one of the double sugars right So the reason that makes a difference. Is that the single sugars? They get a short they just they don't need to be broken down or anything. Whereas if you eat a longer sugar, we still call him simple sugar in the Diet but if you need a longer sugar or if you eat a complex carbohydrate like dark from rice or pasta corn potatoes. Your system needs to take time to break that down into its individual tiniest a small little piece to get gored and guess what? That's a sugar interesting. Okay. So because you got because it all right interesting. It's almost like how you just broke down sugar. It took a little longer. But it wasn't as simple to digest as but it was but it did make sense in the end. Okay. That's interesting. So like the if it's the combination, it almost like your body has to pull that apart and then digested. So it's like all right we gotta we gotta take this bar before we can use it. If. It's already we're calling it a sugar whether it's from honey or maple syrup or whatever it like a fraction leg. It is so so so fat birth is you had a bowl of cereal and you're gonNA break down that brand flake that takes a lot longer. Right, okay. It turns it turns to blood sugar even if there's no sugar in it. I don't know if that. Hydrate confused. That's true though you can look at your label of I have some Rice Pilau and it says zero grams of sugar. But I know that it will raise my blood sugar. Two cups of it. You know. Because your body breaks it down digestion. You've got them in time, and then like I said, you clean it down to its very smallest. Piece Particle and Adore Bet and that you're. Going Okay So are there with when it comes to sugars? Are there actually could you deem some sugars healthy for you? Or is it just? are between the different sugars are some more healthy for you than others Okay well, we mentioned natural sugar I think I should Kinda sorta define what what added sugar is. Okay. So if you think of added sugar as something as an ingredient that that's in food in the processing and preparation or added to the food at the table that's really meant as as a sweetener sweetener. Okay. The things that things on the label you might see they could be dextrose could be brown sugar it could be powdered sugar, corn syrup it could be invert sugar lactose, all these names. that. Are within the food those are added but let's say you're looking at fruited yogurt and you feed that there's milk and there's strawberries and boo, there are going to be some grams of sugar. Those are the natural one from the milk and the strawberry, but there may also be some of these other dextrose and. added. In addition to really didn't. Make it a more pleasurable eating experience or drinking experience off to make it. Yeah. To make you crave it. Provides structure and baked good. They, they actually have a a role to play and architecture if you will. I was just thinking been. Yes. I was GONNA use that word. That's funny. Yeah. That's interesting So going. So that's the definition but going back to your question are some like better for you than others are considered healthy. So if you think of natural sugars, they're better for you consumed in their original food source but just bruder milk because of the other nutrition you get with them like I mentioned, fiber calcium, protein, vitamin, C, or D. And you could even say, okay well, what about more purified natural sources like honey or maple syrup are Garvey there's still condiments but. let's say honey it's known to have antimicrobial antioxidant properties and it's a natural cough remedy though if I was going to put them sweetener mit then. I might preference choose honey. Okay. So that's okay that kind of I think touches on like whether. Natural, Rossouw, better for you. But how how much sugar are we talking about that? You should have on a daily basis? What how much should be in your daily Diet? In. General. Okay their recommendation, Perm, lots of different. You know organizations so and and it's because we have found that American adults and children. We consume more than fifty percent of our calories from added sugars and mostly it's from sweetened beverages followed by credited desserts and baked good categories so. I thought. That percents champion many. Oh I it's taking the place of nutrition food right. Did you. Did you say fifteen percent or fifty percent. Keen fifteen. Okay. The first time I heard fifty and I was just like what? Okay fifteen still high feel high. Yeah Okay I'm glad we clarify that. Okay. Continue to help the another would be extraordinary. So the Institute of Medicine, they recommend that added sugar take up less than twenty five percent or a quarter of your total calorie rich like you know it's up there the American Heart Association recommends limiting your added sugar. They offer it a different way. They do it less than a hundred calories per day for women. So that's about sixty spoon or a hundred and fifty calories a day for men, which is about ninety burns. Yet the World Health Organization they recently issued new guidelines stating that only five percent of a person to total daily calories should come from sugar