Mcmillan, U. S Patent Office And Kirkpatrick Macmillan discussed on iHeart Podcast Channel Programming


Vehicles work best on smooth paved surfaces. Most roads in Europe did not fit that description. They were a cobblestone if you were lucky, but sidewalks were frequently very smooth, so philosophy writers would stick to sidewalks and they would terrorize pedestrians. This might sound pretty familiar if you're a pedestrian out there, and I'm sure you've got your own story or stories of crazed bicyclists barreling down pedestrian walkways. Anyway, many places ended up passing laws that would forbid velocity peed writers to go on sidewalks. And since they were incredibly uncomfortable to ride on rutted roads or a cobblestone streets, they faded from common use. Meanwhile, across the pond, the early invention had debuted in the United States. Was a man named wk Clarkson Junior who received a patent for a philosophy and an 18 19. And I would love to tell you more about his invention. But sadly, all records of that particular patent were destroyed in 18 36 in a fire at the U. S Patent office, and I may have to do an episode one day about that particular event because it definitely had a major impact. On innovation and invention at the early 19th century in the United States. Next we come to another possible hoax or At least potential misinformation. There's a story that a Scottish blacksmith named Kirkpatrick MacMillan came up with the idea of attaching petals to a bicycle in 18 39, which would be decades before anyone else had thought of this. These pedals didn't turn gears that were connected by a chain the way a modern bicycle does, according to the story. They were treadle style pedals, so they were connecting two rods that were In a position so that they didn't turn would rotate the rear wheel so solid rods as opposed to a chain drive. You can kind of think of the way a locomotive Uses these sort of rods to turn wheels. Have you ever seen pictures of that same sort of idea for these particular bikes? The front wheel was terrible. So you had to have that be freely Turntable left or right. That's why it was a rear wheel drive. But some historians are skeptical of this account the stories of McMillan's work where first publicized in the 18 nineties. And they came from a guy named James Johnston, who, as it turns out, was related to back Millen. There is an account from an 18 42 edition of a newspaper in Glasgow of a minor accident involving a quote velocity of ingenious design, end quote. And Johnston says that article is all about MacMillan. But since there's no actual mention of McMillan's name in the article, nor a description of how the velocity designed was ingenious, the matter is not quite settled. In fact. One bit of evidence arguing against this claim is that the article referred to the operator of the velocity as a gentleman, Mac Millan. Who was a tradesman would not have qualified for that distinction in the extremely class conscious United Kingdom. So it may well be that McMillan was the first to attach pedals to a two wheeled vehicle in this manner, but we just lack the evidence. There's a similar story that tells the tale of Gavin Dalzell of Lez Maha Goat, which I'm sure I mispronouncing because you get to these tiny English names and Scottish names and you get 14 syllables once written out, But you realize that When you pronounce it, it's Fanshawe. Anyway. Dolls. Oh was a Cooper in the 18 forties. That's means he made barrels Who's a barrel maker? And he was said to have made a rear drive bicycle in 18 45 based off of McMillan's design. So again, this is undocumented. Now his son would go on to donate. One of Del sells bikes to the Glasgow Transport Museum. But that happened several years later in 18 63 of French design changed the way people got around on these two wheeled vehicles. Another entry into the philosophy category. This design had petals mounted to the hub of the front wheel. There's no chain drive or anything like that. The pedals were literally attached to the wheel hub peddling would drive the front wheel and provide the power needed to move forward is a bit of a challenge to operate. And, on top of that, most models were made of unyielding materials and had steel wheels or ironclad wheels. So if you were to ride one of those on, say, a couple Stone Street, you'd be in for a pretty rough ride. As a result, those sort of vehicles gained a nickname Bone shakers. Some large cities began to build special indoor writing academies where well to do philosophy. Donors could come together and ride without worrying about shaking themselves to pieces. It was right around this time that the word bicycle began to enter the common lexicon, slowly replacing philosophy. And other names for two wheeled human powered vehicles. I've got a lot more to say about the evolution of bicycles, but first, let's take a quick break to thank our sponsor. 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