A highlight from Race and Research: Data and Our Neighborhoods

Automatic TRANSCRIPT

We essentially learn how to compare black brown agent folks to white folks in everything from educational outcome howling outcomes and what that sets up. Is this idea that people have to act like or catch up to white people in order for there to be paired and that's bad framing it leads to bad research bad results. Welcome to after the fact. The pew charitable trusts. I'm dan luke. And that was andre. Perry a senior fellow at the brookings institution. We'll be hearing more from him in this episode as we continue our look at race and research for our data point this time around. We turn to harvard. University's opportunity incites the data point ninety nine percent. The nonpartisan research project had this finding in ninety nine percent of the nation census tracts compare a young black man and a young white man who grew up in the same community with the same resources and come from similar lower middle income families. The black man ends up earning less than his white counterpart virtually everywhere in america over the season. We've been looking at the growing diversity of the united states and how that diversity specifically race is measured and accounted for in a range of research. Today the focus is on economics. How communities are actually valued in dollars and sense and what that means economic mobility. We begin the conversation with david. Williams from harvard's opportunity sites. Who told us about a fascinating research tool. The project has developed called the opportunity atlas. It's basically an interactive map and it shows us rates of economic mobility economic opportunity for neighborhoods across the country and underlying. It is data on twenty million kids Who grew up across the country every neighborhood and we us census bureau data in irs data to be able to track their outcomes and what is really allows us to do is get at the roots of social inequality the roots of poverty the roots of upward mobility and opportunity and helps us understand how neighborhoods in place really impact. Kids long term outcomes. We've done all this research. Have all this data crunched in really interesting ways and so this tool is basically a way to get this information out into the public. Really getting into the hands of policymakers practitioners folks who can use this data to really impact in their communities and delay layer of race into the atlas for us. And tell us what we can learn from your newer data something that our data in our research shows is that racial bias disparate racial outcomes. It's not just a legacy of our history but it's really a product of our present. Kids who are growing up in the same communities have very different outcomes based on their race. Ethnicity and i think that really forces us to think more critically around all of the systems in our communities ways in which race and racial bias are manifesting in our communities. I think being able to actually show the impact of race in very concrete ways showing that you know young black men and white men groping similarly low income families in the same communities in the same neighborhood on the same block even still have very different outcomes in terms of going to college in terms earnings in adulthood I think being able to actually show not just anecdotally but showing that the data can really track and quantify these disparate outcomes. I think reinforces what we're seeing in the news every day and so typically right. We think about the history of race in this country so presumably. Lots of african american families have less wealth and income because of historical factors there oftentimes in less resource neighborhoods because of segregation. But we even see a young black man man who grew up in the same community with the same resources in similarly lower middle income families end up on average very different amounts and we basically see this ninety nine percent of census tracts neighborhoods across the country. I'm sorry i got interrupt cindy and that you're saying ninety neighbors you're saying virtually the entire country virtually the entire country but it is. It is a pattern that unfortunately extremely consistent in some ways we weren't shocked by those disparities but something we also see that even for black man who grew up in high income families. There's actually a downward moment. Trend young black men growth in high income families there actually more likely to grow up to be lower income adults than to just stay in that same income bracket as their families where you know probably not surprisingly. That's very different for white man right. Who when they grow up in high income families tend to remain high income as they grow up. So it's it's not just race. Racism racial biases impacting

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