John Glenn, Andrea discussed on All of It


Was astronaut John Glenn next up is an interview that dovetails nicely with the interview I did with Andrea at the top of this hour here she is with her husband the Pulitzer Prize winning astronomer Dr Carl Sagan being interviewed by WQXR's Lloyd moss in nineteen eighty five they're discussing the Voyager interstellar record project which was trans and Sagan's first collaboration together at the time that the mission was being planned question was posed what would be the most cost effective way to include a message since we're sending a spacecraft anyway to add a message a greeting it turned out that the most the most efficient way to send information is on a phonograph record and so affixed to each of the Voyager spacecraft are two golden phonograph records along with a stylus and instructions for play in graves in the outer cover of the record should a space faring civilization come upon it as it was getting music I understand yes No so we just say one thing about the record that the spacecraft are as any says on on missions of of exploration and discovery in the outer solar system but by an accident of celestial mechanics after that mission is done they are flown out of the solar system into the interstellar dark now that is a very benign environment and a record out there can survive for something like a billion years in a billion years the spacecraft will circumnavigate the Milky Way galaxy four times so there's an awful long period of time in which they could be encountered by someone else so it's in that context in which to these records have been fixed no on the records are a a hundred and sixteen pictures encoded digitally they are greeting listen sixty my languages and one away language and there's an hour and a half of the of the world's great music no we don't imagine that an extraterrestrial being sometime in the far future will understand the whole lower the equivalent but nevertheless our greetings and all these languages we hope that the pictorial material will be will be clear but you could argue that maybe some of that would be obscure and the music is is the real the real issue is it possible that creatures that are very different from us with very different histories might nevertheless be able to understand something of our feelings or emotions from the music that we send that was Carl Sagan and ran on WQXR's this is my music program back in nineteen eighty five our next and final clip as of someone you may have heard on the segment back in October but it's such an interesting interview that we thought we should play you another sound bite from it you're about to hear an interview the station re aired on October eleventh nineteen sixty eight with science and sci fi writer Sir Arthur C. Clarke he talks with Patricia Marx who hosted a weekly series where she spoke with many creative minds of the sixties including George Balanchine and Lorraine Hansberry Clark collaborated with the filmmaker Stanley Kubrick on the screen play for two thousand one a space Odyssey and here he is discussing where science and sci fi meet list main story the film is an expedition to Jupiter C. mobile wireless signal leads and that among the ones of you for the reelection of the movie starts no is this science fiction in fiction in the sense of having being completely fantastic and having no basis in in the realm of possibility the possible it's entirely science I mean everything in it is factual it could happen it's based entirely on scientific realities and we've knoll pains and expensive been spared to make it as realistic as possible so you're saying actually that in the year two thousand one this actually might happen well certain the next century I mean obviously I don't to predict that when we get to the phone will find evidence of extraterrestrials life there of higher intelligences but all this kind of thing could happen eventually something about this I believe will happen I don't guarantee what happened in the year two thousand and one that was science and sci fi writer Sir Arthur C. Clarke talking about his collaboration with the filmmaker Stanley Kubrick on the screen play.

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