David Hume the Philosopher
Welcome back to another episode of five minutes in Church history. On this episode. We are continuing conversation. We started last week last week. We were talking about David Hume the skeptical Scottish philosopher from the eighteenth century. We're talking about how one of his books. That was very popular in his own day. Eight volume series of books actually history of Great Britain mentions the Westminster standards, and that's an aspect of David Hume that not everybody knows about David, hume the historian well today. We'll talk about that aspect that people do know about David Hume the philosopher as we mentioned, he is known as the father or the founder of skepticism philosophical skepticism. This idea that we really can't know what we know. We can't have certainty. In what we know in one sense were plagued with doubt. Well, one of the reasons hume arrived at this was because of his understanding. Of how we understand experienced in what we can make of experience. Talking about the law of causality here, and how we know that every effect has an equal or greater than costs. This goes back in the history of philosophy back to Aristotle at David Hume question that he said. How can we know we can observe called customary relationships, but how can we know every time in every place that the law of cause and effect works? He concludes you know what we can't. All we can speak of is customary relationships well. David Hume used that to defeat many of the classical arguments for the existence of God namely the cozma logical argument. He also took on the design argument for the existence of God. This comes from one of his books later in his life dialogues, concerning natural religion, and it's set up as a dialogue with various characters in hume uses it to just walk through the arguments in from his perspective. Dismantle them when he gets to the design argument. This is what hume says. The design that we think we see in the world is not really a design. Hume says instead what we see our quote. The chance permutations of particles falling into a temporary or permanent self, sustaining order, which has the appearance of design. And quote well, let's unpack that think about it just for a moment. the human self you as a person, you are ultimately a result of particles falling by chance, and what happens to be a perfect order to allow you to function. That's what hume's argument would demand. It would be like saying. Let's take a five thousand piece puzzle. And let's just throw all of those five thousand pieces into the air. And what will happen by chance? Is that all five? Thousand of those pieces will fall into a perfect place in relationship with each other and form a completed puzzle just like the picture on the box. Well of that all I can say is I think I'm skeptical of what David who is trying to say about this world in which we live the important thing about David Hume is where he falls in the history of ideas he comes. Right in the eighteenth century. As the sciences or maturing and coming into their own in the university. At the same time theology is getting marginalized and religion is getting marginalized. Much of culture, shifting its eyes off of God at the center, and putting their eyes on man at the center, and along comes David. Hume with his epistemology, and his philosophy had a huge influence. In his day, but it had an even greater influence and the centuries to come well. That's David Hume an essayist and historian philosopher. A skeptic.