United States, Army Air Corps, Wolf discussed on Stuff You Should Know
All right. So you said they made a difference and the numbers kind of back it up. First of all, they were only supposed to do this for ninety days. Well, they kind of got the real plan together for the military. They ended up doing this coastal patrol for eighteen months. So that alone kind of says it was working. Yeah. Or at the very least they weren't quick enough to get there. The real plan going. Right. But here's the stats one hundred seventy three sub spotted and ostensibly radioed in, you know, they weren't just spotted and then forgotten about right there. Like, I don't feel like. Eighty two depth charge bomb attacks against those subs in pretty impressive pretty impressive. And again, let's say they're not actually bombing them out of the water. It's got to be disconcerting to have civilians up there, dropping bombs on you. Sure. It's like the north avenue irregulars but. They, you know there were minds out there. They've found seventeen floating mines and rescued three hundred sixty three people and ninety one ships that had trouble reported which I don't think we mentioned like. America likes to think that, like, oh well, yeah the fighting didn't happen over here in the United States. But if you lived on the east coast, like on the water chances, are, you might have pulled a service person out of the water from one of these bombings. Yeah. Like it happened. There were people in the water that needed rescue and the civil air patrol was there. I read an account of a family that lived on the coast of Hatteras apparently Cape. Hatteras the waters off Hatteras called torpedo, junction house happened. So frequently, but they like their, the, the windows would rattle in your house when a torpedo struck like a tanker something, you know, eight miles away off the coast. You just do not get raised with that in history. This is not talked about, but it, it was a pretty big for six months. It was a big problem for the United States. Yeah. And this was there was a lot of bravery involved because these little planes, they were stretching these pilots and their experience in these planes and their mechanical capabilities to the upmost degree to fly these things that far offshore to do these patrols, and they still did it. They flew five hundred about five hundred thousand hours during the war combined, and they were not getting rich doing it. They're reimbursed for fuel, but they were paid eight dollars a day, which even back then was not a lot of money. Now, I calculates about one hundred twenty five dollars today. Let's not bad actually come to think of it. If you're not doing anything else, take it dropping bombs on Nazis. It's kind of fun and getting a hundred and twenty five bucks for it right. And then the thirty pilots of civil and this. Civil air patrol died flying in accidents. And that's in addition to the ones in the coastal patrol. That's just total twenty-six on the actual coastal patrol the died. I thought it was like sixty five now, this is twenty six deaths and okay. Lost ninety planes. Gotcha. So like this is a really big deal. I mean like it was it was saying, like you, you, and you, you know, you, you the guy who owns the TV repair shop, and you the guy who owns the barbershop next door getting these planes and start dropping bombs on these Ugo. Yeah, that was a big deal that to do two civilians, and in two thousand fourteen Obama posthumously in a lot of cases awarded the, the medal of honor the highest citizen honor that anybody in the US can get to everyone who was in the civil air patrol during World War Two all two hundred thousand people and you know what fun fact you're gonna love what. That Barbour dropped his scissors and ran out of the barbershop to go get in his plane halfway through a haircut. And that's how the mullet was born. Was it Floyd? It was Griffith was the first one with the mullet. In a bet. You didn't know that the mullet was born in the mid nineteen forties. I suspected as much business in the front bore in the rear right? Man, Wayne was the first mall created. You know, I remember. Very, very distinctly the first time I heard that term. Okay. I was onset of TV commercial and this was many, many years after the mullet. But when I was in high school, it wasn't called a mullet, it was just sort of kind of the cool hairstyle for a little while. Right. It's called the burnout but I remember when I heard them the mullet I was onset. And one of my friends said, I said, who is this guy who's Lee? And he said he, I don't know why they stuck with me. He said he is that wedge of grossness over there with the mullet head. I can see this sticking with us. Pretty Lena's who is poorly. What else did the civil air patrol do though? They did some other weird things. Yeah. The, the thing during World War Two that they're definitely remembered for was the, the, the bombing sorties in spotting you boats. But they did plenty of other stuff basically they did anything the air cord needed of them. Yeah. Which is things like we need to get this commander from, you know, Saint Louis to Louisiana. Can you give them a ride Saint Louis to Baton Rouge? They did that, like pretty much constantly ferried supplies around. They ferried people around that was a huge part of the war for here at home by the here's a cool thing that they did that also sounds frightening. They would tow. What's called target gliders for anti aircraft guns. So you're playing you're in your little. Single engine plane, your civilian, you were pulling behind you a glider that big guns on the ground are taking target practice at. Yeah, hopefully they've really long tow-line wonder how long that could be though. I don't know. But it almost seems mean spirited that assignment who did that fall to you guys? Drove the, the driving range, golf ball pickup Volkswagen. They. Yeah. He'd be prepared for that kind of thing xactly who did it. I'll bet. You're right. So that was a huge one apparently an equal amount to the danger of being shot out of the sky accidentally in that assignment was also excellently looking into the searchlights that they use in these training exercises. Because at least one pilot was blinded by them and crashed from being, I guess disoriented afterward. Here's one final mission in Texas. The civil air patrol was charged with culling the wolf poppy. Relation. So apparently, it re- you know, would reduce pressure on the cattle herds that these wolves were killing and they needed this, this beef to feed soldiers and citizens. So they said, get up there and your planes and start shooting at wolf's. Yeah. Net I when I was reading that I thought they were saying they needed the wolf meat to feed the troops. I was like. Then I understood what it was saying. Oh. Be. Yeah. They would shoot the, the wolves with handguns out of their planes and try, I think it said wolf's instead of wolves wolfs for so so World War, Two comes and goes civil patrol proves. It's metal and the army air corps is dissolved. And basically turned into the air force air force came after World War Two, and it was from what you're saying, kind of a bit of, like hot potato afterward to wear. No one really wanted the civil air patrol. Right. It sounds like it because one of these a law that was basically passed HR fifty seven forty four, which is really significant to you. If you're in the civil air patrol, it basically said, Nope. The, the civil air patrols and going anywhere. We're going to establish its its existence underlaw. But we are never ever going to arm them again. That's just not going to happen. Let's just not speak of this anymore. Pretended never happen, but no one's ever going to drop a bomb again with the civil air patrol. And so it doesn't seem like they were particularly sought after but they ended up falling under the, the command of the air force after it was established and bounced around a little way, a few places within the air force. And then finally landed in the air combat division. Yeah. You know, postwar. They really really made their name and continue to make their name with search and rescue. If you're lost in the woods or if there are natural disasters or big weather events. Then the civil air patrol is likely to be involved. There was a big earthquake in Alaska, in nineteen sixty four where the, the Alaskan civil air patrol and this was where Rodrick was in the civil air patrol in Alaska. Yes. Where he's from. But this was sixty four so he would have been just a little kid, then sure if not even alive, yet, actually. So I don't think he was in that one. He may have just been gleam, but their civil air patrols hangar in planes were all destroyed, so volunteers. You know, got it together, got eleven private planes, started flying supplies in there and these were good. You know, these are good pilots and these aircraft did things that military aircraft couldn't do a lot of times. Well, that's where that's where they're the role of the civil air patrol and search and rescue really kind of. Came a became obvious, almost out of the gate because they were doing search Inara rescues during World War Two as well. The just the fact that their planes weren't fighter jets was a huge advantage for them in search and rescue, because you want to fly lower you wanna fly slower when you're looking for somebody. So the fact that you have these this group of, you know, tens of thousands of civilians, who are either flying flight instructors learning to fly have their own planes partially funded by, by tax payers for even more planes. That's a really great resource to be able to tap into when something happens in disaster strikes. And you want to look for people, you just say, hey, can you guys go search for, you know, these people were go fly around this flood plain. See if there's anybody on any rooftops and then radio it in that was a huge role in probably the most prominent role that civil air patrol still holds today. In search and rescue. Yeah. And they didn't. You know, they don't just fly around and radio at down. They certainly do that. They are very active and in all manner an all parts of the search they are, you know, many of them cross train. And like horseback riding and cross country, skiing cross fit cross, of course. So they, you know, they can kind of then kind of do it all. Now they have these what's called cell phone forensic teams. And they can analyze cell phone tower Ping's and topa maps, and it's become a much more sophisticated sort of search and rescue largely because of the civil air patrol. Right. But ironically, some of the stuff that some of the talents and expertise they've developed in the search and rescue area like have nothing to do with planes. And so they might assistant a search and rescue without ever taking the air in some cases but they still had their cool uniform. Sure. And they still March when they're told to, to take a break. All right. We're gonna take another break. And talk about a little bit more about the evolution of the AP. Everyone. Everyone be quiet.