Alcoholic Fatty Liver, Obesity, New York Times discussed on Here & Now
You so much for for your time. Thank you but also to the Americans on the mainland half always Reached after us and you know just shared with us that it means a lot so we appreciate it very much. So how are those New Year's resolutions. It's going if one of them was to climb on board the very crowded less sugar in twenty twenty trained. You're probably horrified to find out how insidiously sugar and it's evil evil twin. Fructose have been added to our food. There's a teaspoon of sugar and every tablespoon of Ketchup. Our next Guest Says Food Has Been Adulterated poisoned. And he's not kidding. He says sugar plays a central role in health problems including an epidemic of obesity in infants as young as six months that it's as dangerous as smoking or abusive alcohol. ooh And if you're doing the New York Times seven-day sugar challenge. They say even grapes and Bananas Have Too much sugar dot. Robert Lusty is professor of pediatric endocrinology analogy at the University of California San Francisco. Dr Rob People no sugar isn't a health food. Why is it so dangerous? Well so people both think that sugars just empty calories and they think well you get some discretionary calories during the day so why hi can they be sugar. Well if sugar were just calories than they be right except they're wrong because different calories in foods are burned and the absorbed digested Matab last in different ways and do different things and contribute to different diseases. Ages so I just want to underscore what you've said because the rule has always been calories in calories out you just gotTa burn it off somewhere in the middle and you're saying again that is not true. What do sugar calories do right? So why are sugar calories so different well. There are different for three reasons. The first is when when sugar is absorbed it goes to the liver and the liver gets overwhelmed. It has limited capacity to metabolize belies it just like it has a limited capacity metabolize alcohol just like it has a limited capacity to metabolize many of the toxins that we taken again because your liver is the detoxification centre of your body. It has a limited capacity for being able to deal with sugar when you overwhelm overwhelm it. The liver has no choice but to take the excess and turn it into liver fat and that liver. Fat is the driver of virtually every chronic disease that we are now currently suffering from. That's gone up in time. So tech to diabetes lipid problems hypertension cardiovascular ask disease cancer dementia non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease polycystic ovarian disease all being driven by liver fat and the liver. The fat is because of the sugar. And so you can basically have alcoholic fatty liver disease. If you're over twenty one or you can of non alcoholic fatty liver disease. And it doesn't make a difference because they are identical and so we have done several liver transplants. In Soda Drinkers Teenage Soda Drinkers Transplants. And talk about the insidiousness of Sodas. And I got you this is. I'm one of those people. I pride myself. I don't drink coffee but I picked up a little bit of a Soda Habit and it's just appalling tilt to think of how up it's an addiction. It's not APP. It's an addiction and anybody who says Oh you know. have this horrible sweet truth. That's sugar addiction. So sugar is addictive in the same way as alcohol in the same way. As nicotine cocaine amphetamine lean a heroin shopping gambling social media internet pornography. All of these stimulate same area of the brain colder reward center the nucleus accumbens anything that causes the release of dopamine is in the extreme addictive. And you call all this the Coca Cola conspiracy because you say it's not by accident It's not just that. There's a ton of caffeine added to sodas that makes you then P.. Pardon my in elegance they also add salt so the combination makes you thirstier so you drink rumour exactly so. They know what they're doing. Do you have to put salt in coke. There used to be a caller called royal crown. Cola didn't have any salt in it. I mean coca-cola knocked them out of the park but the fact act is you don't have to put salt in soda so this is by design well and then fructose are was sold to us as more natural sugar. It's this is in You know corn and beats and such but as you point out one of the things they do in freak does which has added to just about everything is stripped the fiber Barau out of it so that it has a longer shelf life so it has absolutely none of that benefit. And why is fructose as bad as sugar. So first of all love sugar is two molecules bound together Glucose and fructose now glucose is not all that bad suck right. But it's not that bad however fructose because it is metabolize into that liver fat in the liver. That's where the problem comes in. In addition fructose starts the aging reaction. It causes what we call. Characterization is the reason for wrinkles is the reason for cataracts this aging reaction. This Browning reaction does does it. Seven Times Faster Than Glucose. And now we have learned through work done at Joslin Diabetes Center that fructose specifically inhibits Amaya. CONJUL enzyme that causes those might a country to burn less well which probably is one of the reasons for the persistent weight gain and also chronic disease and glucose. Doesn't we do that. So there are some very specific differences between these two molecules however when you consume any form of sugar whether it's sucrose host which is table sugar cane sugar beet sugar stuff you putting your coffee or high fructose corn syrup or honey or Maple Syrup Oregon doesn't matter you're getting getting one of each molecule and so sugar is a problem because of the front toes molecule. Look we we have just a couple minutes left. I urge people to watch your lecture but you draw direct line from the state. We're in today to the health industry and the government in nineteen eighty two. We were told cut out fats and so everybody went to carbs and of course carbs are filled with all these sugars that you're talking about and by the way obesity went up when we cut cut out fats and went to carbs. You go back to Nixon in the early nineteen seventies who there was a political crisis. Food was too expensive. He directed his Agriculture Department. Department to cheapen it which they did by adding a lot of these you know corn syrup products. You call fructose. Yep you called fructose. A A poison and one would ask why were narrowed. FDA regulated poison. Well one of our biggest exports is our food of course the food industry pushes pushes back on your claims and the claims of others but people know what they can see with their own eyes. They don't feel well. They see their children are overweight. A lot of people now Are doing things like the New York Times. Seventy sugar challenge trying to cut back the first day. You know no sugar at breakfast. How would you help? People do This given that it is so addictive in it is so everywhere right so I will be very honest with you. We will not solve this problem until the food industry solves it for us and they have no interest in doing so because this is their gravy train. This is their juggernaut. This is how they went from one percent. Gross gross profit margin to five percent gross profit margin in the span of three decades. This is their livelihood and and they are not gonNA do anything they don't have to do and unfortunately the government's in bed with them because they're making fifty six billion dollars a year off. Export tariffs off our food. So the only way we are going to fix this problem is when there are more votes than dollars and right right now. We're just beginning to get some traction in the general public For this issue of food having having said that people need to understand what the problem is they have to understand the difference between processed food and real food and the differences processed processed. Food is high sugar. Low fiber high sugar for Palatability low fiber for shelf life. Real food is low. Sugar high fiber real food works processed. Food Food doesn't processed food kills because of these issues and we could repeat could fix this tomorrow if we wanted to. Problem is because sugars addictive. People don't want one of the saddest things in your lecture. Is You talk about Children and who have the serious health issues now that are traced to the juices that they're given and these are low income children in the juices come to them through the government with program. Exactly right it's got to be tough for you to see those children impossible Breaks your heart. You know the fact that matter is these kids. It's our victims and we know who the perpetrators are and the fact is You know the parents don't understand and so it promulgates we'll gates itself. The fact is what mothers eat. During pregnancy ultimately impact on the number of fat cells children in a born with and those fat cells. WanNa get filled so these kids didn't have a chance even before they were born. Never mind afterwards I I mean how do you blame a six month old for obesity. Fact matter is we have a problem and we have to address it and.