Kossovo, Israel Palestine, Pakistan discussed on The Tel Aviv Review
Population exchanges, mass, deportation, forcible de-nationalization minority rights treaties and refugee resettlement are those inherent to political partition. I think what by the time we reach World War Two and a special deposed were partition partition became this sort of package deal as I like to call it. So it's not only about drawing lines on maps. It's not only about much more. Yeah, my colleagues are doing the polish Commonwealth. They're using the term permission, but this is exactly not a partition into sense. I, we are talking about. It's about creating new sovereign nation state. So it's about this hyphenated creature, call nation state, which is very important and about creating a clear majority in potentially ethnic cleansing would be method of achieving it in Daphne state. So this is the package deal. Now my norppa normative and empirical rhetorical arguments are intermingled in that respect because there is a sort of an assumption, not only among politicians, but sometimes Amman some political scientists that still consider partition to be empirically sound conflict resolution method. There is an assumption that empirically it worked that empirically it was successful, but this is what I want to challenge because you have one line that sort of encapsulates. I think the point that I would like to raise which is you say something like all other partitions laid the groundwork for future conflict. And I think that what you see in the policy community is. That they point to certain examples where that's just not the case. So for example, the velvet divorce right of Czech Republic and Slovakia. They're not at war. Now, Serbia Montenegro, separated by referendum by agreement in two thousand six. They're not at worn out. Now, here's the touchier examples, Sudan, and south Sudan or not at war with each other, south Sudan of courses embroiled in terrible civil war. And maybe the most ambiguous example for now would be Kossovo, which is, of course a partition of Serbia, but and they're, they're not at war. The trajectory is to accept that partition doesn't look. Let's go back to war, but it's very complicated because it's not over obviously. So is it true that all partitions lead to ongoing conflict? Or is that a little too categorical? That's two categorical. I won't go dot DAT far, but I would definitely challenge few of the assumptions in these aid to question is water. The type of entities that emerge out of these Titian. If these are Lee put states cannot pull themselves economically in terms of natural resources in terms of militarily. Depend on other bigger bigger entities. You actually, you know, pave road often to neocolonial types type regimes, but this is contemporary contemporary affairs. I would if I will go back to, you know, maybe the two classic aces which Israel Palestine, India, Pakistan. I think that part of the assumption and maybe this is where we have a bit of a dialogue of with some of the conflict resolution are thinkers that assume partition is the best solution. There is sort of an assumption that partition is an one. It's an act in. It's an event in history that finished, maybe like these really like to call its Bendigo. It was very violent. It was very cruel, but and we have to remember that they mentioned, right. No, we're familiar with the with the case of of the nineteen forty eight war in in Palestine and expulsion of roughly seven hundred thousand Palestinians. That was in that respect war partition in order to take the theory and put it into practice, you had to do this and also the case of Pakistan and India. The numbers are simply breathtaking. We're talking about me as we did to this day. We cannot even know the exact number of refugees and people that were forcedly forced to leave their houses. We're talking about rapes of roughly seven hundred fifty thousand women. So the violence in that event is quite astonishing. But there's also an assumption that after this, you know the storm ended peace reigned the area. And I think that both the case of India, Pakistan, and the case of Israel Palestine shows exactly in shows too many evidence to the contrary. So a in the case of India, it was very clear that partition was an impact solution. And for instance, we tend to forget that was an an entity. We called East Pakistan. Suddenly you hen again, the partition continued on and you have Bangledesh again, process of separation that was extremely violent. The divisions led, you know, to assassinate of in the Oregon dean in nineteen Eighty-four. Sally Indians were saying, we thought the partition is past deal..