Audioburst Search

Director, Division Director, CDC discussed on Overnight re-air of day's programming


Director and the influenza division director for the CDC centers for disease control and prevention it runs about an hour and a half committee chair is Democrat it beneath Johnson of Texas this hearing will come to order and without objection the chair is authorized to clean a recess at any time let me say good morning and welcome to our witnesses of today's hearing on vaccine science and innovation small pox once played the world's population killing approximately three hundred million people in the twentieth century alone smallpox is the only human disease to be eradicated thanks to the relevant of the vaccine another devastating disease polio had just thirty three cases reported worldwide in twenty eighteen compared to three hundred fifty thousand cases in nineteen eighty eight every day vaccines are saving lives the specialize of children and other vulnerable populations there's no such thing is healthy skepticism when it comes to vaccines unfortunately there is a well funded this information campaign targeting the public and weakening public health laws vaccination requirements have been commonplace in the US the generations and exemptions were granted only for legitimate medical reasons however in my home state of Texas the number of unvaccinated children his spikes since twenty two thousand three when the Texas legislature expanding the exemptions to include non medical reasons the number of exemptions rolls from two thousand in the year of twenty third two thousand three the fifty seven thousand last year we're seeing this three played across the country an innocent children of falling ill health officials have confirmed twenty one measles cases in Texas this year and twelve hundred the sixty one and nationwide sixty one of which lead to serious complications as the first nurse elected to Congress I have been dedicated to the improvement of public health my entire career the science committee may not have jurisdiction of the health and human service agencies but we have long had a role in supporting improved public health through good science this morning we will explore the science and innovation challenges for vaccine development through the lens of influenza for the hilt is among us the flu just lays out for several the flu just lays us out for several days with no lasting sad if it's hot for the very young the elderly pregnant women and other vulnerable groups the flu can be deadly the centers for disease control recorded an estimated four forty eight point eight million illnesses and seventy nine thousand deaths during the twenty seventeen twenty eighteen flu season approximately six hundred of those deaths which children each year influenza vaccine production begins with the collection analysis of data many months before the beginning of the flu season the challenge with influenza is that the virus is change constantly and by the time the flu season begins the vaccine may not fully met the circulating viruses scientists are working to develop viable and more effective alternatives to the color current eight a basic vaccines as well as a universal vaccine they will not require annual updates yet another scientific chalice been fluency and many other infectious diseases in Italian complete diseases is incomplete data an antiquated data systems through modernization of data systems and data analytics tools across the federal and state levels we will be able to accelerate vaccine research and development for many diseases we have two expert panels that will help us understand the full cycle from basic research the vaccine development production and deployment and surveillance the witnesses will also describe the role of federal agencies state agencies and the private sector including the partnerships among all stakeholders I want to expand my warm welcome to all of you this morning and I want to thank the vice chair got the better of for his leadership on this issue I look forward to today's discussion I might say that I have a mark up in another committee so I will have to leave before we get through all of the deliberations the chair now recognizes Mr Lucas for an opening statement good morning Cheryl Johnson I would like to thank you and vice chairman Vera for holding this hearing especially given that we are in the middle of flu season in the United States nearly a million individuals are hospitalized for the flu every year including more than forty eight thousand children in Oklahoma since the nineteen for the twenty nineteen flu season began on September one who's been at least one death and seventy three hospitals rations from the flu however these numbers would be far worse if we did not have vaccines vaccination is by far the most the best flu prevention measure we can have today it's easy to forget the little over a hundred years ago the world faced one of the deadliest pandemics in history the nineteen eighteen H. one in one epidemic also known as Spanish flu it killed an estimated fifty million people worldwide including roughly six hundred and seventy five thousand people United States medical technology and countermeasures at the time were limited the isolation and quarantine influenza vaccines did not exist and I antibiotics had not been fully developed yet thankfully due to basic research advancements were made both in treatment and prevention the flu the development of vaccines is placed played an important role in reducing and eliminating deadly disease I can still recall my father stories about how late summer and fall were terrifying time as a child because of the threat of polio during those seasons lucky for me I do not have did not have to experience this fear because of the first polio vaccine being available the United States in nineteen fifty five and thanks to widespread vaccination polio it's been nearly eradicated the United States just thirty three cases reported in twenty eighteen however polio remains a threat in some countries with the world becoming more connected through modern transportation it only takes one traveler with polio to bring the disease in the United States and as I'm.

Coming up next